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Saturday, June 22 2013
Summer In Israel
"Now learn a parable of the fig tree; When his branch is yet tender, and putteth forth leaves, ye know that summer is nigh"
The English word "summer" originated from an ancient Anglo-Saxon (Saxony is in Germany; the Anglos were a tribe of the Saxons) word that was used to describe the warmest season of the year (the word simmer originated from the same root word as summer). In English translations of the Holy Bible, "summer" is used to translate the Hebrew word, pronounced kaw-yits, that literally meant to harvest (e.g. "8:20 The harvest is past, the summer is ended" Jeremiah 8:20 KJV) and the Greek word, pronounced ther-os, which meant to heat (the English word thermal is derived from that same Greek word).
The seasons on Earth happen because the planet has a cyclical tilt approximately 23½ degrees to the plane of its orbit around the sun. "Spring and "autumn" occur at the time of the "year" (i.e. the earth's orbit around the sun) when the most-direct rays of the sun are over the equator. "Winter" and "summer" occur when the sun's rays are highest or lowest in the northern and summer hemispheres i.e. when it's summer in the northern hemisphere, it's winter in the southern hemisphere, and vice-versa (see the illustration). The seasons were no accident; the LORD created the earth's orbit so that they would happen (see The Kingdom Of The LORD God):
"74:16 The day is thine, the night also is thine: thou hast prepared the light and the sun. 74:17 Thou hast set all the borders of the earth: thou hast made summer and winter." (Psalm 74:16-17 KJV)
Summer is spoken of in the LORD's rainbow covenant after the Flood (see The LORD's Seed Covenants With The Two Men Of Iraq and also The Flood Prophecy):
"8:20 And Noah builded an altar unto the LORD; and took of every clean beast, and of every clean fowl, and offered burnt offerings on the altar. 8:21 And the LORD smelled a sweet savour; and the LORD said in his heart, I will not again curse the ground any more for man's sake; for the imagination of man's heart is evil from his youth; neither will I again smite any more every thing living, as I have done. 8:22 While the earth remaineth, seedtime and harvest, and cold and heat, and summer and winter, and day and night shall not cease." (Genesis 8:20-22 KJV)
"Summer fruit" referred to the earlier crops:
"16:1 And when David [see Israel In History and Prophecy: King David] was a little past the top of the hill, behold, Ziba the servant of Mephibosheth met him, with a couple of asses saddled, and upon them two hundred loaves of bread, and an hundred bunches of raisins, and an hundred of summer fruits, and a bottle of wine [see Winepresses]." (2 Samuel 16:1 KJV)
Winter means "windy and wet." Summer in the land of Israel was drier.
"32:4 For day and night thy hand was heavy upon me: my moisture is turned into the drought of summer." (Psalm 32:4 KJV)
The relatively less rain in summer was appropriate to the harvesting of grain.
"26:1 As snow in summer, and as rain in harvest, so honour is not seemly for a fool." (Proverbs 26:1 KJV)
Summer ("to harvest") was the time when work must get done. The seasons don't wait, as even insects "know":
"6:6 Go to the ant, thou sluggard; consider her ways, and be wise: 6:7 Which having no guide, overseer, or ruler, 6:8 Provideth her meat in the summer, and gathereth her food in the harvest. 6:9 How long wilt thou sleep, O sluggard? when wilt thou arise out of thy sleep? 6:10 Yet a little sleep, a little slumber, a little folding of the hands to sleep: 6:11 So shall thy poverty come as one that travelleth, and thy want as an armed man." (Proverbs 6:6-11 KJV)
"Summer" was also used in Prophecy.
"2:35 Then was the iron, the clay, the brass, the silver, and the gold [see Nebuchadnezzar's Dream], broken to pieces together, and became like the chaff of the summer threshingfloors; and the wind carried them away, that no place was found for them: and the stone that smote the image became a great mountain, and filled the whole earth." (Daniel 2:35 KJV)
The seasons will still exist after Christ's return when The Kingdom Of Heaven - On Earth will begin, although "nature" will be optimized from that time:
"14:7 But it shall be one day which shall be known to the LORD, not day, nor night: but it shall come to pass, that at evening time it shall be light. 14:8 And it shall be in that day, that Living Waters shall go out from Jerusalem; half of them toward the former sea, and half of them toward the hinder sea: in summer and in winter shall it be. 14:9 And the LORD shall be king over all the earth [see The Coming World Dictator]: in that day shall there be one LORD, and his name one." (Zechariah 14:7-9 KJV)
The coming of summer was used an analogy for the signs that will be evident prior to Christ's return (for the entire prophecy provided by the Christ prior to His saying "So likewise ye, when ye shall see all these things," see the notes for Matthew 24 in Matthew 23-25; see also Could Christ Return Tonight?):
"24:32 Now learn a parable of the fig tree; When his branch is yet tender, and putteth forth leaves, ye know that summer is nigh: 24:33 So likewise ye, when ye shall see all these things, know that it is near, even at the doors." (Matthew 24:32-33 KJV)
Fact Finder: How were the growing seasons and harvests in the land of Israel used to portray the salvation of humanity?
This Day In History, June 22
217 BC: The Battle of Raphia. Ptolemy IV Philopator of Egypt (see A History Of Jerusalem: Greeks, Ptolemies, Seleucids) defeated Antiochus III the Great of the Seleucid kingdom (a later Seleucid king committed the original "abomination of desolation" of the Temple in Jerusalem; see A History Of Jerusalem: Abomination Of Desolation).
168 BC: The Battle of Pydna. Roman (see A History Of Jerusalem: Pompey And The Caesars) forces under Lucius Aemilius Paullus defeated and captured Macedonian (see Ancient Empires - Greece) King Perseus at the end of the Third Macedonian War.
1535: A month after the Pope had made him a cardinal, John Fisher was executed at Tower Hill in London after refusing to recognize King Henry VIII as supreme head of the English Church.
1559: Queen Elizabeth's Prayer Book was issued. During her 45-year reign, Elizabeth I rejected the Catholic faith, adopting instead the Thirty-Nine Articles of the Anglican Church.
1593: The Battle of Sisak. Church of Rome "Christian" troops (see A History Of Jerusalem: Constantine and Muhammad and listen to our Sermon Constantine's Papacy) defeated the Ottoman Turks (listen to our Sermon The Ottoman Empire).
1633: The Vatican's "Holy Office" in Rome forced Galileo Galilei to withdraw his correct scientific teaching that the earth orbits the sun. The (sun-worshipping) Church of Rome taught that the Sun "is the center of the Universe" (see Why Observe The True Sabbath? to understand how veneration of the sun is still found in many of the false teachings of the Church of Rome e.g. "sun day," the "halo," and a "sun rise" resurrection).
1675: The Royal Greenwich Observatory was established in England by Charles II.
1772: Slavery was outlawed in England.
1774: The Quebec Act was passed by the British Parliament. It established French civil law and the British system of criminal law in Quebec. It also enlarged Quebec's boundaries to include Labrador, Iles de la Madelaine and the Indian territory south of the Great Lakes between the Mississippi and Ohio Rivers on the west. The Act was replaced by the Constitutional Act in 1791.
1813: During the War of 1812 (1812-1814), after overhearing a U.S. invasion force's plan for a further surprise attack on Ontario (they entered Secord's house where she was tending her husband who had been wounded in an earlier battle), Laura Secord (born in Massachusetts in 1775, her family moved to Canada after the colonial revolution there) set out on a 20 mile trek to warn British commander James FitzGibbon (Laura Secord became a "Paul Revere" to the history of Canada). The invasion was repelled at the Battle of Beaver Dams.
1815: Napoleon Bonaparte abdicated for the second and last time after his defeat at the Battle of Waterloo.
1870: Scholars began translation work on the English Revised Version of the Bible. Released in 1881, the ERV became the textual basis for the American Standard Version (ASV), first published in the United States in 1901.
1911: King George V and Queen Mary were crowned in Westminster Abbey.
1933: Adolf Hitler banned all political parties in Germany other than the Nazis (see Presidential Quotes On War, Terrorism, Religion).
1940: 8 days after German troops entered Paris, France signed an armistice in the same railway coach in Compiegne where Germany surrendered on November 11 1918.
1941: Adolf Hitler's "Operation Barbarossa" began when over 150 German army divisions (3,000,000 troops and 3,300 tanks) invaded Russia across a 1,800-mile front between the Baltic and the Black Seas. It was, and is, the largest invasion of another country in history (listen to our Sermon The European World Wars).
1976: Canada abolished the death penalty, thereby joining other nations that sentence murderers to life.
1985: A terrorist bomb brought down Air India flight 182 off the coast of Ireland, killing 329 people, including 280 Canadians of India origin.
1990: The U.S. "Checkpoint Charlie" was removed during demolition of the Berlin Wall.
2009: Acknowledging the new age of digital photography, the Eastman Kodak Company announced that it was discontinuing Kodachrome Color Film after 74 years.