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Tuesday, July 23 2013
Genesis 3: The Sin Of The Garden
"Thou wast perfect in thy ways from the day that thou wast created, till iniquity was found in thee"
The English word "sin" originated from an ancient Anglo-Saxon word that meant a state of guilt. It is used to translate the Hebrew word, pronounced khat-tawth, that meant offending, as in being rebellious against established authority.
The first humans were created sinless, but became "sinners" by an offensive act against the LORD. While Satan was the instigator of the first human sinners, Satan too had been created sinless and also had become a "sinner" with his offensive act against the LORD (see The Kingdom Of The LORD God).
"28:13 Thou hast been in Eden the garden of God; every precious stone was thy covering, the sardius, topaz, and the diamond, the beryl, the onyx, and the jasper, the sapphire, the emerald, and the carbuncle, and gold: the workmanship of thy tabrets and of thy pipes was prepared in thee in the day that thou wast created. 28:14 Thou art the anointed cherub that covereth; and I have set thee so: thou wast upon the holy mountain of God; thou hast walked up and down in the midst of the stones of fire. 28:15 Thou wast perfect in thy ways from the day that thou wast created, till iniquity was found in thee." (Ezekiel 28:13-15 KJV)
So it was that Satan sought to get the first humans to do as the Devil had himself done, to cross the line from sinless obedience to malignant rebellion - as he has been misleading rebellious humans to do ever since (see When Freedom Crosses The Line and The Rise Of The Malignant Beast). The word "serpent" in these verses is used to translate an original Hebrew word that meant whisperer, as in the sound that a snake makes with its tongue - it does not refer to Satan's appearance (see Satan's Masquerade).
"3:1 Now the serpent was more subtil than any beast of the field which the LORD God had made. And he said unto the woman, Yea, hath God said, Ye shall not eat of every tree of the garden?
The humans then followed, not only Satan's words, but his example of liberal rebellion.
"3:6 And when the woman saw that the tree was good for food, and that it was pleasant to the eyes, and a tree to be desired to make one wise, she took of the fruit thereof, and did eat, and gave also unto her husband with her; and he did eat. 3:7 And the eyes of them both were opened, and they knew that they were naked; and they sewed fig leaves together, and made themselves aprons." (Genesis 3:6-7 KJV)
With sin came conscience. The rebels ran and hid. When found and confronted, "the man said, the woman whom thou gavest to be with me, she gave me of the tree, and I did eat."
"3:8 And they heard the voice of the LORD God walking in the garden in the cool of the day [see also The Spirit Of The Breeze]: and Adam and his wife hid themselves from the presence of the LORD God amongst the trees of the garden. 3:9 And the LORD God called unto Adam, and said unto him, Where art thou?
The woman's excuse, on the other hand, was that she had been deceived (see the Fact Finder question below).
"3:13 And the LORD God said unto the woman, What is this that thou hast done?
All things were created "good." When humans chose to become sinners, pestilent weeds began to grow (see Seed-Bearing Plants: For Food Or For Folly?).
"3:17 And unto Adam he said, Because thou hast hearkened unto the voice of thy wife, and hast eaten of the tree, of which I commanded thee, saying, Thou shalt not eat of it: cursed is the ground for thy sake; in sorrow shalt thou eat of it all the days of thy life; 3:18 Thorns also and thistles shall it bring forth to thee; and thou shalt eat the herb of the field; 3:19 In the sweat of thy face shalt thou eat bread, till thou return unto the ground; for out of it wast thou taken: for dust thou art, and unto dust shalt thou return." (Genesis 3:17-19 KJV)
The name "Adam" originated from a Hebrew word that meant man, as a species, male and female (see also Adam and Adamah). The LORD simply called him "the man" - we don't know what the name of "Adam" actually was, or if he ever even had a name of his own. On the other hand, "the woman" was given a personal name "because she was the mother of all living." She became a mother after "Adam" and Eve were put out of the Garden (see The Only Child Of The Garden).
"3:20 And Adam called his wife's name Eve; because she was the mother of all living." (Genesis 3:20 KJV)
The LORD made clothing of animal skins for them just before they were put out of the Garden. The LORD was the inventor of fur coats for humans.
"3:21 Unto Adam also and to his wife did the LORD God make coats of skins, and clothed them. 3:22 And the LORD God said, Behold, the man is become as one of us, to know good and evil: and now, lest he put forth his hand, and take also of the tree of life, and eat, and live for ever: 3:23 Therefore the LORD God sent him forth from the garden of Eden, to till the ground from whence he was taken. 3:24 So he drove out the man; and he placed at the east of the garden of Eden Cherubims, and a flaming sword which turned every way, to keep the way of the tree of life." (Genesis 3:21-24 KJV)
This Day In History, July 23
1014: Brian Boru, "high king of Ireland," was killed while fighting Viking invaders at the Battle of Clontarf.
1348: The first English order of Knighthood, the Order of the Garter, was founded.
1500: Pedro Cabal claimed Brazil for Portugal.
1563: Construction of El Escorial began in Spain by Philip II, a Hapsburg.
1564: The birth of William Shakespeare, England's greatest playwright. He died on the same date in 1616.
1588: The second of three battle encounters of Britain's Royal Navy fleet against the Spanish Armada (carrying thousands of European Marines) that was sent by the Papacy and Roman Catholic Europe to invade England.
1625: Frederick Henry became Stadtholder (ruler) of the Netherlands after the death of Maurice of Nassau.
1632: Three hundred colonists departed for "New France" from Dieppe, France. New France covered what is today eastern Canada, from the Atlantic Ocean to Lake Superior, and the most of the U.S. east of the Mississippi River as far south as Louisiana (which was named after King Louis of France, as was St. Louis, Missouri).
1661: Charles II became king of England.
1891: Jews were expelled from Moscow, Russia.
1918: The British Navy under Admiral Keyes raided the German submarine base at Zeebrugge.
1929: The Fascist government of Italy banned the use of foreign words.
1941: King George of the Hellenes and the Greek government fled the Greek mainland from the advancing Germans; the Greek army also formally surrendered to Germany and Italy.
1945: The Russian army liberated the Sachsenhausen and Ravensbrueck concentration camps.
1950: Chaing Kai-shek evacuated Hainan, leaving mainland China to Mao Zedong and the communists.
1952: Gamal Abd al-Nasser, 34, and others, including future Egyptian President Anwar al-Sadat, seized control of the government of Egypt in a bloodless coup. The "Free Officers Movement" forced King Farouk to abdicate and into exile. Egypt was declared a republic in June of the next year. Another revolution in 2011 overthrew that revolution.
1967: A riot in Detroit, Michigan left 43 people killed, 342 injured and 1,400 buildings burned.
1969: Sirhan Sirhan was sentenced to death for assassinating Senator Robert F. Kennedy. The sentence was later reduced to life imprisonment.
1995: Alan Hale and Thomas Bopp discovered Comet Hale-Bopp. At the time of its discovery, the comet was 7.15 au (i.e. astronomical unit; 1 au = the distance from the earth to the sun) from the sun and 1.5 years from perihelion (peri = around, helion = the sun). The comet was estimated to have a 40 kilometer diameter nucleus.