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Saturday, August 31 2013
Genesis 42: Joseph's Sheaves and Stars Dreams Fulfilled
"Joseph's brethren came, and bowed down themselves before him with their faces to the earth"
Joseph's brothers had become resentful toward him for a number of reasons (see Genesis 37: Joseph's Coat Of Many Colours), including two dreams that plainly portrayed (no interpretation necessary) Joseph's older brothers, and later even his parents, bowing before him.
"37:3 Now Israel [see Genesis 32: The Origin Of Israel] loved Joseph more than all his children, because he was the son of his old age: and he made him a coat of many colours. 37:4 And when his brethren saw that their father loved him more than all his brethren, they hated him, and could not speak peaceably unto him.
A great famine had struck a vast area across northern Africa and the Middle East (the photograph below shows the areas that were and are naturally susceptible to drought - and why the Nile Delta region of northern Egypt has an advantage). Joseph had risen to become the Prime Minister of Egypt by means of the LORD's preparations for that famine (see Genesis 41: The Pharaoh's Dreams). Back in the land of Canaan, "When Jacob saw that there was corn in Egypt, Jacob said unto his sons, Why do ye look one upon another? And he said, Behold, I have heard that there is corn in Egypt: get you down thither, and buy for us from thence; that we may live, and not die" ("corn," as used by the King James Version, was the term used for grain in general i.e. wheat and barley - there was no maize, or "corn" as it is known in North America, in the Middle East).
"42:1 Now when Jacob saw that there was corn in Egypt, Jacob said unto his sons, Why do ye look one upon another? 42:2 And he said, Behold, I have heard that there is corn in Egypt: get you down thither, and buy for us from thence; that we may live, and not die.
Upon their arrival, "Joseph knew his brethren, but they knew not him," when they "came, and bowed down themselves before him with their faces to the earth." The dream was thereby fulfilled.
There was still the matter of justice for what they had done to their brother. To begin, Joseph had all of them put in prison for a few days, perhaps the very same prison cell where Joseph sat for years (see Genesis 40: The Dreams Of The Butler And The Baker).
"42:6 And Joseph was the governor over the land, and he it was that sold to all the people of the land: and Joseph's brethren came, and bowed down themselves before him with their faces to the earth.
Joseph's reason for choosing Simeon to be the hostage in the dungeon is not stated in the incident itself. There are a number of possibilities, ranging from that Simeon had always been hostile to Joseph, or that Simeon was the most cruel to Joseph when he was sold away to Egypt, or that Joseph chose the oldest guilty brother (Simeon was the second oldest; the oldest, Reuben, had partially defended Joseph when Joseph was sold, as stated below, and as Joseph heard), or some combination, or some other reason not stated. Whatever the reason, it surely wasn't because Joseph loved Simeon the most of all of his brothers.
"42:21 And they said one to another, We are verily guilty concerning our brother, in that we saw the anguish of his soul, when he besought us, and we would not hear; therefore is this distress come upon us.
Joseph was hardly done with them. Along with insuring their return, he gave them an experience that began to wake them up to the wrong that they had done: "Their heart failed them, and they were afraid, saying one to another, What is this that God hath done unto us?"
"42:25 Then Joseph commanded to fill their sacks with corn, and to restore every man's money into his sack, and to give them provision for the way: and thus did he unto them. 42:26 And they laded their asses with the corn, and departed thence.
Fact Finder: Joseph's brothers crossed the northern Sinai Peninsula on their way between the land of Canaan and Egypt. What part of Arabia included the Sinai?
This Day In History, August 31
1056: Byzantine Empress Theodora died. Without heirs to the throne, her family's Macedonian dynasty that had ruled the Byzantine Empire for two centuries ended.
1218: After the death of his father Al-Adil, Al-Kamil became Sultan of Egypt, Syria and northern Mesopotamia (see also Damascus In History And Prophecy).
1303: The War of Vespers in Sicily ended with an agreement between Charles of Valois, who invaded the country, and Frederick, the ruler of Sicily.
1314: King Hakon V Magnusson moved the capital of Norway from Bergen to Oslo.
1422: King Henry V of England died of an infection while in France. He was succeeded by his nine-month-old son as Henry VI.
1521: Cortes captured the city of Tenochtitlan, Mexico.
1535: Pope Paul II deposed and excommunicated King Henry VIII of England (Henry didn't much care; he set up his own church, the Church of England, and made himself the head).
1668: John Bunyan, English author of The Pilgrim's Progress, died in London at age 69.
1795: During the War of the First Coalition, British forces captured Trincomalee (known today as Sri Lanka) from the Dutch in order to keep the territory out of French possession.
1798: The Irish Rebellion of 1798. Irish rebels, with French assistance, established the short-lived Republic of Connaught. In their economic and political competition against Britain, the French frequently instigated and supplied rebellions against the British during the 1700s and 1800s - while at the very same time, the French hypocritically tolerated no independence in any of their colonies around the world.
1876: Ottoman Sultan Murat V was deposed and succeeded by his brother Abd-ul-Hamid II.
1888: Mary Ann Nichols was found murdered. She is regarded as the first of the confirmed victims of "Jack the Ripper."
1895: Ferdinand Graf von Zeppelin, founder of the Zeppelin Airship company of Germany, patented his "Navigable Balloon"
1907: An Anglo-Russian Convention between Britain and Russia settled outstanding disputes between them regarding Tibet, Afghanistan and Persia (Iran); it was one of the bases of the Allied coalition in the First World War.
1942: During the Second World War, British and Canadian tanks and infantry under General Bernard Montgomery defeated Field Marshal Erwin Rommel's Afrika Korps in the Battle of Alam Halfa in Egypt (see also A History Of Jerusalem: The British Mandate).
1980: After two months of strikes, the Polish communist government gave in to demanded reforms, including recognition of the Solidarity trade union under the leadership of Lech Walesa.
1990: West and East Germany signed a treaty to harmonize their legal and political systems.
1994: Soviet troops ended 50 years of military presence on German territory.
1997: Princess Diana, 36, former wife of Prince Charles, was killed in an auto crash in Paris with her friend, Dodi Fayed, 42. The driver of the car, Henri Paul, 41, was also killed in the collision into a concrete road tunnel during an apparent attempt to outrun photographers. A bodyguard, Trevor Rees-Jones, 29, was the sole survivor of the crash, reportedly the only one who was wearing a seat belt.
2005: A stampede on the Al-Aaimmah bridge in Baghdad killed 1,199 people.
2006: Edvard Munch's famous painting The Scream was recovered by Norwegian police. It was stolen on August 22, 2004.