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Monday, September 16 2013

Exodus 6: Who Created "Jehovah"?

The Pharaoh rejected Moses and Aaron on their first meeting (see Exodus 5: Bricks Without Straw). The LORD (who was and is Jesus Christ; see Genesis 1: In The Beginning Was The Word and The Kingdom Of The LORD God) would make their return much more persuasive.

"6:1 Then the LORD said unto Moses, Now shalt thou see what I will do to Pharaoh: for with a strong hand shall he let them go, and with a strong hand shall he drive them out of his land. 6:2 And God spake unto Moses, and said unto him, I am the LORD [see :" (Exodus 6:1-2 KJV)

"Jehovah" is one of the man-made English-language renderings of the Hebrew letters for YHVH (that some render as YHWH), a Name of God revealed to the early Israelites. The original word was recorded in the Scriptures without vowels, so no one can be completely certain as to its correct pronunciation - the e, o and a of JeHoVaH were added much later in an effort by some translators to propose their idea of the pronunciation, with the y also changed to a j sound (there is no "J" in Hebrew). Other attempts to fill-in-the-vowels have produced more "sacred names," along with Jehovah, such as "Yahweh" or "Yahveh."

YHVH After about 300 BC, the Name YHVH was held in such a beyond the Commandment regard by Jews (Israel had by then split into Israel and Judah; see Israel In History and Prophecy: The Lost Ten Tribes and Israel In History and Prophecy: Kingdom Of Judah; also Israel Never Knew Purim, Hanukkah Or Judaism), in accordance with their then "take no chances" interpretation of The Third Commandment to not use The Name of God in vain, that it was not spoken at all (an attitude that God never intended in His Command - many righteous people of Bible History did speak the Name of YHVH, to other people, as well as to YHVH Himself, without offense). The only exception was the high priest on The Day Of Atonement when he entered into the Most Holy Place of the Temple (see The Holy Place In History And Prophecy). Also, whenever YHVH occurred in the Scriptures, they pronounced it, as is still done today, "Adonai" (i.e. "Lord"), thus replacing the YHVH with Adonai.

The practice was carried over into the Septuagint, the Greek translation of the Hebrew Scriptures of the Old Testament which was done by Greek-speaking Hebrew scholars, where the YHVH was translated as the Greek word Kurios i.e. Lord. This was further carried into modern times where English-language Bibles now commonly translate the YHVH as all-capitals LORD. One of the major exceptions was the American Standard Version (ASV) of 1901 that uses "Jehovah" when translating the YHVH.

The King James Version also sometimes uses "JEHOVAH," as well as "LORD," in translating the YHVH. Note also however that the LORD was known to "Abraham, unto Isaac, and unto Jacob, by the name of God Almighty, but by my name JEHOVAH was I not known to them."

"6:3 And I appeared unto Abraham, unto Isaac, and unto Jacob, by the name of God Almighty, but by my name JEHOVAH was I not known to them. 6:4 And I have also established my covenant with them, to give them the land of Canaan, the land of their pilgrimage, wherein they were strangers. 6:5 And I have also heard the groaning of the children of Israel, whom the Egyptians keep in bondage; and I have remembered my covenant." (Exodus 6:3-5 KJV)

The LORD then reassured Moses and Aaron, and the entire Israelite nation, that He would deliver them from their captivity, as He had also promised and prophesied to Abraham centuries before (see The Exodus Prophecy).

"6:6 Wherefore say unto the children of Israel, I am the LORD, and I will bring you out from under the burdens of the Egyptians, and I will rid you out of their bondage, and I will redeem you with a stretched out arm, and with great judgments: 6:7 And I will take you to me for a people, and I will be to you a God: and ye shall know that I am the LORD your God, which bringeth you out from under the burdens of the Egyptians. 6:8 And I will bring you in unto the land, concerning the which I did swear to give it to Abraham, to Isaac, and to Jacob; and I will give it you for an heritage: I am the LORD." (Exodus 6:6-8 KJV)

Moses and Aaron returned, but the Israelites had become discouraged after the Pharaoh's rebuke of Moses and Aaron the first time (see Exodus 5: Bricks Without Straw). They would nevertheless become believers again.

Ancient Egypt

"6:9 And Moses spake so unto the children of Israel: but they hearkened not unto Moses for anguish of spirit, and for cruel bondage.

6:10 And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying, 6:11 Go in, speak unto Pharaoh king of Egypt, that he let the children of Israel go out of his land.

6:12 And Moses spake before the LORD, saying, Behold, the children of Israel have not hearkened unto me; how then shall Pharaoh hear me, who am of uncircumcised lips?" (Exodus 6:9-12 KJV)

The genealogy of Moses and Aaron was included here for the purpose of the Levite priesthood that was about to be established (see the Fact Finder question below).

"6:13 And the LORD spake unto Moses and unto Aaron, and gave them a charge unto the children of Israel, and unto Pharaoh king of Egypt, to bring the children of Israel out of the land of Egypt.

6:14 These be the heads of their fathers' houses:

The sons of Reuben the firstborn of Israel; Hanoch, and Pallu, Hezron, and Carmi: these be the families of Reuben.

6:15 And the sons of Simeon; Jemuel, and Jamin, and Ohad, and Jachin, and Zohar, and Shaul the son of a Canaanitish woman: these are the families of Simeon.

6:16 And these are the names of the sons of Levi according to their generations; Gershon, and Kohath, and Merari: and the years of the life of Levi were an hundred thirty and seven years.

6:17 The sons of Gershon; Libni, and Shimi, according to their families.

6:18 And the sons of Kohath; Amram, and Izhar, and Hebron, and Uzziel: and the years of the life of Kohath were an hundred thirty and three years.

6:19 And the sons of Merari; Mahali and Mushi: these are the families of Levi according to their generations.

6:20 And Amram took him Jochebed his father's sister to wife; and she bare him Aaron and Moses: and the years of the life of Amram were an hundred and thirty and seven years.

6:21 And the sons of Izhar; Korah, and Nepheg, and Zichri. 6:22 And the sons of Uzziel; Mishael, and Elzaphan, and Zithri.

6:23 And Aaron took him Elisheba, daughter of Amminadab, sister of Naashon, to wife; and she bare him Nadab, and Abihu, Eleazar, and Ithamar.

6:24 And the sons of Korah; Assir, and Elkanah, and Abiasaph: these are the families of the Korhites. 6:25 And Eleazar Aaron's son took him one of the daughters of Putiel to wife; and she bare him Phinehas: these are the heads of the fathers of the Levites according to their families.

6:26 These are that Aaron and Moses, to whom the LORD said, Bring out the children of Israel from the land of Egypt according to their armies. 6:27 These are they which spake to Pharaoh king of Egypt, to bring out the children of Israel from Egypt: these are that Moses and Aaron." (Exodus 6:13-27 KJV)

Moses was an unassuming man, which left little margin to prevent falling into discouragement himself. Arrogant, narcissistic people have a long way to fall, in their bloated-ego minds, to a state of discouragement, but those of a humble attitude realistically are always much closer to dismay.

"6:28 And it came to pass on the day when the LORD spake unto Moses in the land of Egypt, 6:29 That the LORD spake unto Moses, saying, I am the LORD: speak thou unto Pharaoh king of Egypt all that I say unto thee. 6:30 And Moses said before the LORD, Behold, I am of uncircumcised lips, and how shall Pharaoh hearken unto me? 6:30 And Moses said before the LORD, Behold, I am of uncircumcised lips, and how shall Pharaoh hearken unto me?" (Exodus 6:28-30 KJV)

Fact Finder: How and when did the Levite priesthood originate from the family of Moses and Aaron?
See The Origin Of The Levite Priesthood


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This Day In History, September 16

307: Western Roman Emperor Severus II was captured and imprisoned at Tres Tabernae. He was later executed (see also A History Of Jerusalem: Pompey And The Caesars and Whatever Happened To Those Romans?).

1620: The Mayflower set sail from Plymouth, England, bound for the New World. On board the 15-year old cargo ship were 48 crew members and 101 colonists, including 35 Separatists from Leiden, Holland, known afterward as the Pilgrims. During the three-month voyage, two passengers died and two babies were born (see also The Pilgrims and Thanksgiving In History and Prophecy).

The Mayflower 1673: Holy Roman Emperor Leopold I declared war against France (see The Holy Roman Empire).

1701: James Francis Edward Stuart became the Jacobite claimant to the thrones of England and Scotland.

1736: German physicist Gabriel Fahrenheit died at age 50. The Fahrenheit temperature scale is named after him.

1747: The French captured Bergen-op-Zoom, consolidating their occupation of Austrian Flanders in the Netherlands.

1810: A rebellion against Spanish rule broke out in Mexico when the priest Hidalgo y Costilla issued the grito de Dolores.

1812: The Great Fire of Moscow began. It destroyed 75% of the Russian city over the next 3 days.

1882: The Great September Comet of 1882 was so bright that it could easily be seen in the daytime sky.

1893: Albert Szent-Gyorgyi was born in Hungary. The Nobel Prize winning biochemist was the first to isolate vitamin C.

1920: A terrorist bomb exploded in the Wall Street district of New York City, killing at least 25 people.

1934: An anti-Nazi protest was held in Munich. Not all Germans believed Adolf Hitler's "patriotic" myths and excuses for doing Satanic evil (see Presidential Quotes On War, Terrorism, Religion).

1945: At the end of the Second World War, Britain took Hong Kong from the Japanese. Britain surrendered political control of the wealthy island to the Chinese in 1997.

1947: Typhoon Kathleen killed over 1,900 people in Japan.

1955: A Soviet submarine became the first submarine to launch a ballistic missile.

1955: Argentine President Juan Peron was ousted by a military coup.

1959: The first operational photocopier, the Xerox 914, was introduced.

1975: Papua New Guinea became independent from Australia.

1978: A magnitude 7.9 earthquake killed 25,000 people in Iran.

1982: Lebanese Phalangist militiamen entered the Palestinian refugee camps at Saba and Shatila and slaughtered over 2,000 men, women and children. The Israeli military had unwittingly allowed the murderers into the camps.

1991: Despite worldwide protests that it violated established diplomatic and prisoner of war laws of civilized nations, prosecution under U.S. domestic law of captured Panamanian President Manuel Noriega began in a U.S. civilian court.

1997: Typhoon Oliwa hit southwestern Japan, killing 6 people and forcing 80,000 from their homes.

2007: Mercenaries working for the "security" company Blackwater Worldwide shot and killed 17 unarmed Iraqis in Nisour Square, Baghdad. All murder charges against them were shortly afterward dismissed by the "free" puppet regime installed after the invasion.


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