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Sunday, October 20 2013

Exodus 38: The Courtyard Of The Tabernacle

The interior of the Tabernacle (see Exodus 26: The First Christian Tabernacle) consisted of, upon entering, the Holy Place where the Table, the Lamp (see The Menorah: Lighting The Way) and other vessels were placed (see Exodus 37: The Tabernacle Furnishings).

From the Holy Place, the High Priest alone could then enter the Most Holy Place on the Day of Atonement (see What Happened When The Messiah Arrived In Heaven? and Why Do Christians Observe The Messiah's Day Of Atonement? to understand how the High Priest was a living prophecy of the Messiah) where the Ark of the Covenant and the Ten Commandments were placed (see Exodus 34: The Second Tables Of Stone and Turning The Tables).

All of the details for the design were given by the LORD (Who was and is Jesus Christ; see Genesis 1: In The Beginning Was The Word and The Kingdom Of The LORD God) to Moses. The LORD also gave the craftsmen greater skill by miraculous means (see Exodus 31: The Spirit Of Creation).

The Tabernacle was enclosed by a wall of curtains, inside of which was the Courtyard. Within the Courtyard, before the entrance to the Tabernacle were a number of items that the LORD also specified.

The Altar of Burnt Offering (see the Fact Finder question below):

The Tabernacle

"38:1 And he made the altar of burnt offering of shittim wood: five cubits was the length thereof, and five cubits the breadth thereof; it was foursquare; and three cubits the height thereof. 38:2 And he made the horns thereof on the four corners of it; the horns thereof were of the same: and he overlaid it with brass. 38:3 And he made all the vessels of the altar, the pots, and the shovels, and the basons, and the fleshhooks, and the firepans: all the vessels thereof made he of brass. 38:4 And he made for the altar a brasen grate of network under the compass thereof beneath unto the midst of it. 38:5 And he cast four rings for the four ends of the grate of brass, to be places for the staves. 38:6 And he made the staves of shittim wood, and overlaid them with brass.

38:7 And he put the staves into the rings on the sides of the altar, to bear it withal; he made the altar hollow with boards." (Exodus 38:1-7 KJV)

The "the laver of brass" was used for washings by the High Priest and other Levites (see The Laver and The Origin of Baptism). It was recast from "the brass, of the lookingglasses of the women." In ancient times, mirrors were often made from polished metal.

"38:8 And he made the laver of brass, and the foot of it of brass, of the lookingglasses of the women assembling, which assembled at the door of the tabernacle of the congregation." (Exodus 38:8 KJV)

The Courtyard was enclosed by tall curtains "of fine twined linen" (see also Linen In History And Prophecy).

"38:9 And he made the court: on the south side southward the hangings of the court were of fine twined linen, an hundred cubits: 38:10 Their pillars were twenty, and their brasen sockets twenty; the hooks of the pillars and their fillets were of silver. 38:11 And for the north side the hangings were an hundred cubits, their pillars were twenty, and their sockets of brass twenty; the hooks of the pillars and their fillets of silver.

38:12 And for the west side were hangings of fifty cubits, their pillars ten, and their sockets ten; the hooks of the pillars and their fillets of silver. 38:13 And for the east side eastward fifty cubits. 38:14 The hangings of the one side of the gate were fifteen cubits; their pillars three, and their sockets three. 38:15 And for the other side of the court gate, on this hand and that hand, were hangings of fifteen cubits; their pillars three, and their sockets three. 38:16 All the hangings of the court round about were of fine twined linen. 38:17 And the sockets for the pillars were of brass; the hooks of the pillars and their fillets of silver; and the overlaying of their chapiters of silver; and all the pillars of the court were filleted with silver.

38:18 And the hanging for the gate of the court was needlework, of blue, and purple, and scarlet, and fine twined linen: and twenty cubits was the length, and the height in the breadth was five cubits, answerable to the hangings of the court. 38:19 And their pillars were four, and their sockets of brass four; their hooks of silver, and the overlaying of their chapiters and their fillets of silver. 38:20 And all the pins of the tabernacle, and of the court round about, were of brass." (Exodus 38:9-20 KJV)

All of the materials and finished items were accounted in detail, just as they were later in the Temple (see also The Temple Vessel Prophecies Today and What Happened To All Of That Gold?).

"38:21 This is the sum of the tabernacle, even of the tabernacle of testimony, as it was counted, according to the commandment of Moses, for the service of the Levites, by the hand of Ithamar, son to Aaron the priest. 38:22 And Bezaleel the son of Uri, the son of Hur, of the tribe of Judah, made all that the LORD commanded Moses. 38:23 And with him was Aholiab, son of Ahisamach, of the tribe of Dan, an engraver, and a cunning workman, and an embroiderer in blue, and in purple, and in scarlet, and fine linen. 38:24 All the gold that was occupied for the work in all the work of the holy place, even the gold of the offering, was twenty and nine talents, and seven hundred and thirty shekels, after the shekel of the sanctuary.

38:25 And the silver of them that were numbered of the congregation was an hundred talents, and a thousand seven hundred and threescore and fifteen shekels, after the shekel of the sanctuary: 38:26 A bekah for every man, that is, half a shekel, after the shekel of the sanctuary, for every one that went to be numbered, from twenty years old and upward, for six hundred thousand and three thousand and five hundred and fifty men. 38:27 And of the hundred talents of silver were cast the sockets of the sanctuary, and the sockets of the vail; an hundred sockets of the hundred talents, a talent for a socket. 38:28 And of the thousand seven hundred seventy and five shekels he made hooks for the pillars, and overlaid their chapiters, and filleted them.

38:29 And the brass of the offering was seventy talents, and two thousand and four hundred shekels. 38:30 And therewith he made the sockets to the door of the tabernacle of the congregation, and the brasen altar, and the brasen grate for it, and all the vessels of the altar, 38:31 And the sockets of the court round about, and the sockets of the court gate, and all the pins of the tabernacle, and all the pins of the court round about." (Exodus 38:21-31 KJV)

Fact Finder: What was the Christian significance of burnt offerings?
See Exodus 27: The Altar of Burnt Offering In The Courtyard


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This Day In History, October 20

480 BC: Greek naval forces defeated the Persian forces in the battle of Salamis (see The Prophet Daniel: The Ram and The He Goat).

1632: Sir Christopher Wren was born. He became one of Britain's most outstanding architects.

1720: The Caribbean pirate known as Calico Jack (actual name John Rackham, born of English and Cuban parents) was captured by the Royal Navy. The pirate was famous for his "Jolly Roger" flag, a skull with crossed swords, that contributed to the popularization of the design. The origin of the Jolly Roger is unknown, however some historians believe that it was derived from "Old Roger," a term for the Devil.

The Holy Scriptures

1740: Charles V, Holy Roman emperor (see The Holy Roman Empire Of The German Nation) and head of the house of Habsburg, died. Two of the Wars of the Spanish Succession developed directly from his death.

1921: The Treaty of Ankara between France and the Grand National Assembly of Turkey was signed. It formalized the French recognition of the Assembly rather than the government of Ottoman sultan Mehmed VI, as the sovereign power in Turkey (listen also to our Sermon The Ottoman Empire).

1822: Andrew Bonar Law became the first Canadian-born Prime Minister of Britain.

1827: In the Greek War of Independence, the Turkish and Egyptian fleets were devastated by the British, French and Russians at the Battle of Navarino.

1867: Ottawa was proclaimed the capital of Canada. Founded in 1827 by Col. John By, Ottawa was first named Bytown. It was renamed after the Ottawa Indians in 1854. In 1858 Ottawa was chosen by Queen Victoria to be the capital of the "United Provinces of Canada," and in 1867 it became the capital of the sovereign nation of Canada.

1911: Roald Amundsen set off with 4 others on his journey to the South Pole. They arrived on December 14.

1930: Jews in "Palestine" ("Palestine" is an English-language rendering of "Philistine") were banned from purchasing Arab land by the British authorities. After the fall of the Ottoman Empire, Britain controlled Palestine from the end of World War 1 in 1918 to Israeli independence in 1948 (see Israel In History and Prophecy: Balfour Declaration).

1935: The "Long March" of Chinese communists led by Mao Zedong ended. Of the 80,000 who set out, only 9,000 completed the 6,000 miles (9,700 kilometers) to Yanan.

1944: Aachen became the first large German city to fall to the advancing allied forces near the end of the Second World War.

1971: West German Chancellor Willy Brandt was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize.

1973: During their Watergate investigations of Nixon himself, President Nixon fired Watergate Prosecutor Archibald Cox and Deputy Attorney General William Ruckelshaus.

2011: Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi was captured and killed by rebel forces after the Battle of Sirte (see also Libya In History And Prophecy).


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