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Monday, November 18 2013
Leviticus 27: Values
The English word "value" originated from a Latin word, valere, which meant to be strong. The word valor, which means to face danger with courage, originated from the same root word, as did valid, which has come to mean genuine, or worthy i.e. not worthless.
The King James Version uses "value" to translate the Hebrew word of the Holy Scriptures, pronounced aw-rawk, which meant to order, as in to arrange according to worth, or worthiness.
As we will read, the term was widely used as a means to measure productive value. It was even used for people when making an offering to the LORD - the amounts varied according to each person's ability and stage of life - the value of their offering, although different in amount, was equal in means.
"27:1 And the LORD [Who was and is Jesus Christ; see Genesis 1: In The Beginning Was The Word and The Kingdom Of The LORD God] spake unto Moses, saying, 27:2 Speak unto the children of Israel, and say unto them, When a man shall make a singular vow, the persons shall be for the LORD by thy estimation. 27:3 And thy estimation shall be of the male from twenty years old even unto sixty years old, even thy estimation shall be fifty shekels of silver, after the shekel of the sanctuary. 27:4 And if it be a female, then thy estimation shall be thirty shekels. 27:5 And if it be from five years old even unto twenty years old, then thy estimation shall be of the male twenty shekels, and for the female ten shekels. 27:6 And if it be from a month old even unto five years old, then thy estimation shall be of the male five shekels of silver, and for the female thy estimation shall be three shekels of silver. 27:7 And if it be from sixty years old and above; if it be a male, then thy estimation shall be fifteen shekels, and for the female ten shekels. 27:8 But if he be poorer than thy estimation, then he shall present himself before the priest, and the priest shall value him; according to his ability that vowed shall the priest value him." (Leviticus 27:1-8 KJV)
Livestock and property were valued according to how productive they actually were - there was no "speculation" market.
"27:9 And if it be a beast, whereof men bring an offering unto the LORD, all that any man giveth of such unto the LORD shall be holy. 27:10 He shall not alter it, nor change it, a good for a bad, or a bad for a good: and if he shall at all change beast for beast, then it and the exchange thereof shall be holy. 27:11 And if it be any unclean beast, of which they do not offer a sacrifice unto the LORD, then he shall present the beast before the priest: 27:12 And the priest shall value it, whether it be good or bad: as thou valuest it, who art the priest, so shall it be. 27:13 But if he will at all redeem it, then he shall add a fifth part thereof unto thy estimation.
The firstlings were "priceless" for their Messianic principle (i.e. see The Forerunner Of Man and Of God).
"27:26 Only the firstling of the beasts, which should be the LORD'S firstling, no man shall sanctify it; whether it be ox, or sheep: it is the LORD'S. 27:27 And if it be of an unclean beast, then he shall redeem it according to thine estimation, and shall add a fifth part of it thereto: or if it be not redeemed, then it shall be sold according to thy estimation." (Leviticus 27:26-27 KJV)
Devoted things were absolute - what was right could never be lost.
"27:28 Notwithstanding no devoted thing, that a man shall devote unto the LORD of all that he hath, both of man and beast, and of the field of his possession, shall be sold or redeemed: every devoted thing is most holy unto the LORD. 27:29 None devoted, which shall be devoted of men, shall be redeemed; but shall surely be put to death." (Leviticus 27:28-29 KJV)
The principle of tithing was based upon the actually value of property.
"27:30 And all the tithe of the land, whether of the seed of the land, or of the fruit of the tree, is the LORD'S: it is holy unto the LORD. 27:31 And if a man will at all redeem ought of his tithes, he shall add thereto the fifth part thereof. 27:32 And concerning the tithe of the herd, or of the flock, even of whatsoever passeth under the rod, the tenth shall be holy unto the LORD. 27:33 He shall not search whether it be good or bad, neither shall he change it: and if he change it at all, then both it and the change thereof shall be holy; it shall not be redeemed." (Leviticus 27:30-33 KJV)
This Day In History, November 18
401: The Visigoths, led by King Alaric I, crossed the Alps and invaded northern Italy. The Visigoths (from the Latin meaning western Goths) and Ostrogoths (from the Latin meaning eastern Goths) were tribes of Germanic people who eventually overwhelmed and replaced the Roman Empire in Europe (see The Holy Roman Empire Of The German Nation).
1095: Pope Urban II opened the Council of Clermont. Summoned to plan the First Crusade (see Constantine's Crusades In History And Prophecy), it was attended by over 200 bishops of the Church of Rome (all of whom had earlier been equal in rank to the bishop of Rome; see The Struggle For The Papacy).
1105: Maginulfo was elected Antipope, as Sylvester IV (again, see The Struggle For The Papacy).
1302: Pope Boniface VIII proclaimed his "Unam Sanctam." It decreed that the Church of Rome was superior in authority to all national governments and that obedience to the pope was necessary for salvation.
1307: The famous incident in Switzerland when William Tell was forced to shoot an apple off his son's head with a crossbow or be executed along with his son.
1421: The Zuider Zee flooded 72 villages in the Netherlands, killing an estimated 10,000 people.
1477: William Caxton produced the first printed book in the English language, "The Dictes and Sayengis of the Phylosophers."
1493: Christopher Columbus first sighted the island now known as Puerto Rico. All of the four voyages of Columbus were limited to the islands of the Caribbean Sea (see also Thanksgiving In History and Prophecy).
1497: Portuguese explorer Bartolomeu Dias became the first to round the Cape of Good Hope, thereby opening a sea route to India from Europe.
1755: The worst recorded earthquake on the Massachusetts Bay area struck Boston.
1883: Canada and U.S. adopted standard time. Standard Time was the invention of Sir Sanford Fleming, who came to Canada from Scotland and was Canada's foremost railway surveyor and construction engineer in the 19th century. The standard time system was adopted by the rest of the world in 1884 at an international conference in Washington.
1916: During the First World War (listen to our Sermon The European World Wars), General Douglas Haig of Britain called off the First Battle of The Somme after 5 months of futile battle, which included the first use of tanks in actual conflict. The allied advance of just 125 square miles cost 420,000 British, 195,000 French and 650,000 German casualties.
1936: Germany under Adolf Hitler (see Presidential Quotes On War, Terrorism, Religion) and Italy under Mussolini recognized General Francisco Franco's provisional government in Spain.
1941: Britain opened its second Western Desert offensive in Libya when the 8th Army advanced into Cyrenaica.
1961: U.S. President John F. Kennedy sent 18,000 "military advisors" to South Vietnam. The Vietnam War was actually a civil war between the people of Vietnam who had been divided into two countries by French colonial forces in the 1940s. When France was driven out by Vietnamese military forces, the U.S. replaced them and participated in the Vietnam civil war until the early 1970s. When the U.S. withdrew, Vietnam was re-united into the single nation that it had been for centuries before the French and U.S. occupations.
1966: The Roman Catholic Church ended its "meatless Friday" requirement.
1970: West Germany and Poland initialed a treaty recognizing the Oder-Neisse line as a common border and pledging each other to territorial integrity.
1978: U.S. Congressman Leo Ryan was shot and killed in Jonestown, Guyana by members of Jim Jones' "People's Temple." Ryan's murder was followed by the mass suicide of 912 member of the cult (see also Is Your Church A Cult?).
1991: British peace envoy Terry Waite and U.S. academic Thomas Sutherland were released after 5 years of captivity in Lebanon by the Islamic Jihad terrorist group.
1993: White and black leaders in South Africa approved the new constitution which gave blacks the right to vote and ended white minority rule.