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Tuesday, November 19 2013

Numbers 1: The First Sinai Census

"From twenty years old and upward, all that were able to go forth to war in Israel ... Even all they that were numbered were six hundred thousand and three thousand and five hundred and fifty"

After the LORD (Who was and is Jesus Christ; see Genesis 1: In The Beginning Was The Word and The Kingdom Of The LORD God) delivered the Israelites out of Egypt (see Exodus 12: The First Passover) and gave them the laws and constitution of their nation (which portrayed the future Kingdom of God on Earth; see Leviticus 8: The Prophecy Of The Blood Upon The Anointed One, Exodus 20: The Ten Commandments, Exodus 21: The Scales Of Justice, Exodus 22: Freedom By The Law and The Mount Sinai Prophecy), a military census was ordered in preparation for their entry into the promised land - which would have happened only about 14 months after the Exodus if they had not refused to go in (see Deuteronomy: The Law and History Lessons By Moses to understand why the Israelites didn't enter the promised land until 40 years later).

"1:1 And the LORD spake unto Moses in the wilderness of Sinai, in the tabernacle of the congregation, on the first day of the second month, in the second year after they were come out of the land of Egypt, saying, 1:2 Take ye the sum of all the congregation of the children of Israel, after their families, by the house of their fathers, with the number of their names, every male by their polls; 1:3 From twenty years old and upward, all that are able to go forth to war in Israel: thou and Aaron shall number them by their armies." (Numbers 1:1-3 KJV)

Moses (see Israel In History and Prophecy: Moses) supervised the counting that was done by a dignified representative of each tribe, men who "were the renowned of the congregation, princes of the tribes of their fathers, heads of thousands in Israel."

Israel

"1:4 And with you there shall be a man of every tribe; every one head of the house of his fathers. 1:5 And these are the names of the men that shall stand with you: of the tribe of Reuben; Elizur the son of Shedeur. 1:6 Of Simeon; Shelumiel the son of Zurishaddai. 1:7 Of Judah; Nahshon the son of Amminadab. 1:8 Of Issachar; Nethaneel the son of Zuar. 1:9 Of Zebulun; Eliab the son of Helon. 1:10 Of the children of Joseph: of Ephraim; Elishama the son of Ammihud: of Manasseh; Gamaliel the son of Pedahzur. 1:11 Of Benjamin; Abidan the son of Gideoni. 1:12 Of Dan; Ahiezer the son of Ammishaddai. 1:13 Of Asher; Pagiel the son of Ocran. 1:14 Of Gad; Eliasaph the son of Deuel. 1:15 Of Naphtali; Ahira the son of Enan.

1:16 These were the renowned of the congregation, princes of the tribes of their fathers, heads of thousands in Israel. 1:17 And Moses and Aaron took these men which are expressed by their names: 1:18 And they assembled all the congregation together on the first day of the second month, and they declared their pedigrees after their families, by the house of their fathers, according to the number of the names, from twenty years old and upward, by their polls. 1:19 As the LORD commanded Moses, so he numbered them in the wilderness of Sinai." (Numbers 1:4-19 KJV)

The counting was then done at the same time. The numbers were vastly greater than the first census of the Israelites that had been done when Jacob and his family entered Egypt over four centuries earlier (see the Fact Finder question below and Genesis 47: Jacob's Israel In The Land Of Goshen).

"1:20 And the children of Reuben, Israel's eldest son, by their generations, after their families, by the house of their fathers, according to the number of the names, by their polls, every male from twenty years old and upward, all that were able to go forth to war; 1:21 Those that were numbered of them, even of the tribe of Reuben, were forty and six thousand and five hundred.

1:22 Of the children of Simeon, by their generations, after their families, by the house of their fathers, those that were numbered of them, according to the number of the names, by their polls, every male from twenty years old and upward, all that were able to go forth to war; 1:23 Those that were numbered of them, even of the tribe of Simeon, were fifty and nine thousand and three hundred.

1:24 Of the children of Gad, by their generations, after their families, by the house of their fathers, according to the number of the names, from twenty years old and upward, all that were able to go forth to war; 1:25 Those that were numbered of them, even of the tribe of Gad, were forty and five thousand six hundred and fifty.

1:26 Of the children of Judah [see Who Were The First Jews?], by their generations, after their families, by the house of their fathers, according to the number of the names, from twenty years old and upward, all that were able to go forth to war; 1:27 Those that were numbered of them, even of the tribe of Judah, were threescore and fourteen thousand and six hundred.

Israelites 1:28 Of the children of Issachar, by their generations, after their families, by the house of their fathers, according to the number of the names, from twenty years old and upward, all that were able to go forth to war; 1:29 Those that were numbered of them, even of the tribe of Issachar, were fifty and four thousand and four hundred.

1:30 Of the children of Zebulun, by their generations, after their families, by the house of their fathers, according to the number of the names, from twenty years old and upward, all that were able to go forth to war; 1:31 Those that were numbered of them, even of the tribe of Zebulun, were fifty and seven thousand and four hundred.

1:32 Of the children of Joseph, namely, of the children of Ephraim [see Genesis 48: The Adoption Of Ephraim and Manasseh], by their generations, after their families, by the house of their fathers, according to the number of the names, from twenty years old and upward, all that were able to go forth to war; 1:33 Those that were numbered of them, even of the tribe of Ephraim, were forty thousand and five hundred.

1:34 Of the children of Manasseh, by their generations, after their families, by the house of their fathers, according to the number of the names, from twenty years old and upward, all that were able to go forth to war; 1:35 Those that were numbered of them, even of the tribe of Manasseh, were thirty and two thousand and two hundred.

1:36 Of the children of Benjamin, by their generations, after their families, by the house of their fathers, according to the number of the names, from twenty years old and upward, all that were able to go forth to war; 1:37 Those that were numbered of them, even of the tribe of Benjamin, were thirty and five thousand and four hundred.

1:38 Of the children of Dan, by their generations, after their families, by the house of their fathers, according to the number of the names, from twenty years old and upward, all that were able to go forth to war; 1:39 Those that were numbered of them, even of the tribe of Dan, were threescore and two thousand and seven hundred.

1:40 Of the children of Asher, by their generations, after their families, by the house of their fathers, according to the number of the names, from twenty years old and upward, all that were able to go forth to war; 1:41 Those that were numbered of them, even of the tribe of Asher, were forty and one thousand and five hundred.

1:42 Of the children of Naphtali, throughout their generations, after their families, by the house of their fathers, according to the number of the names, from twenty years old and upward, all that were able to go forth to war; 1:43 Those that were numbered of them, even of the tribe of Naphtali, were fifty and three thousand and four hundred.

1:44 These are those that were numbered, which Moses and Aaron numbered, and the princes of Israel, being twelve men: each one was for the house of his fathers. 1:45 So were all those that were numbered of the children of Israel, by the house of their fathers, from twenty years old and upward, all that were able to go forth to war in Israel; 1:46 Even all they that were numbered were six hundred thousand and three thousand and five hundred and fifty." (Numbers 1:20-46)

The Levites, although just as much a tribe of Israel, were assigned to the service of the LORD (see Leviticus 9: The Beginning Of The Levite Ministry). As such, their inheritance was within, but nevertheless apart from, the other tribes.

"1:47 But the Levites after the tribe of their fathers were not numbered among them. 1:48 For the LORD had spoken unto Moses, saying, 1:49 Only thou shalt not number the tribe of Levi, neither take the sum of them among the children of Israel: 1:50 But thou shalt appoint the Levites over the tabernacle of testimony, and over all the vessels thereof, and over all things that belong to it: they shall bear the tabernacle, and all the vessels thereof; and they shall minister unto it, and shall encamp round about the tabernacle. 1:51 And when the tabernacle setteth forward, the Levites shall take it down: and when the tabernacle is to be pitched, the Levites shall set it up: and the stranger that cometh nigh shall be put to death. 1:52 And the children of Israel shall pitch their tents, every man by his own camp, and every man by his own standard, throughout their hosts. 1:53 But the Levites shall pitch round about the tabernacle of testimony, that there be no wrath upon the congregation of the children of Israel: and the Levites shall keep the charge of the tabernacle of testimony.

1:54 And the children of Israel did according to all that the LORD commanded Moses, so did they." (Numbers 1:47-54 KJV)

Fact Finder: When was the very first official census of Israel? How many Israelites were there at that time?
See Genesis 46: The First Census Of Israel


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This Day In History, November 19

461: Libius Severus was declared Emperor of the Western Roman Empire (see also A History Of Jerusalem: Pompey And The Caesars and Pax Romana: The Birth Of The Roman Empire). By that time, the Roman Empire was "falling" to the Germanic tribes that later became the "Holy Roman Empire Of The German Nation" (see The Holy Roman Empire Of The German Nation).

1095: The Council of Clermont began. It was called by Pope Urban II for sending the First Crusade (see also Constantine's Crusades In History And Prophecy).

1493: Christopher Columbus discovered (it wasn't a "discovery" for the people who were already there) the island that is today known as Puerto Rico (Columbus called it San Juan Bautista) during his second voyage to the New World. All of the voyages of Columbus were limited to the islands of the Caribbean Sea (for a map of the four voyages of Columbus, see Thanksgiving In History and Prophecy).

Hudson's Bay Company 1521: Milan was invaded by papal armies under Colona, beginning the war between the Hapsburg and Valois dynasties.

1600: Charles I, king of Scotland and England, was born. His authoritarian rule led to civil war and his eventual execution.

1620: The English "Pilgrims" on the Mayflower sighted land on the east coast of North America (see The Pilgrims and Thanksgiving In History and Prophecy).

1703: The "man in the iron mask," a prisoner in the Bastille prison in Paris, died. His true identity is unknown; he was the subject of literary works by Francois Voltaire and Alexandre Dumas.

1809: During the Peninsular War, 30,000 French defeated 50,000 Spanish at the Battle of Ocana.

1858: British Columbia became a military colony of Britain. It had been administered by the Hudson's Bay Company (the company that Britain made contract with to develop commerce routes and trading posts through much of Canada), but thousands of U.S. gold miners and outlaws ignored the border and refused to heed the company's established legal authority (mostly by shooting at company officers). To prevent the lawless horde from violently taking over the territory and its people, it was temporarily made a military colony of Britain, whereby law and order was restored.

1866: As requested by the people who lived there, Vancouver Island (named after British Captain George Vancouver, an officer in the British navy who explored much of the west coast of North America), which had been a separate British colony, was included in the territory of British Columbia.

1897: The start of the Great City Fire of London.

1911: The first Marconi wireless transmission from Italy was received in New York.

1941: During the Second World War (1939-1945; listen to our Sermon The European World Wars), the Australian warship Sydney engaged the German raider Kormoran in a fierce naval battle in the Indian Ocean, 300 miles west of Australia. After the battle the Sydney sailed off and was never seen again, with 645 presumed dead.

1942: During the Second World War (see Presidential Quotes On War, Terrorism, Religion), Russian forces began a counter-offensive against the invading German army at Stalingrad.

1947: King George VI declared Philip Mountbatten to be the Duke of Edinburgh, in preparation for Mountbatten's wedding to George's elder daughter, Princess Elizabeth (today Queen Elizabeth II), the next day.

1954: The U.S. and Canada began the construction of a radar warning system across northern Canada to give warning of approaching Russian nuclear bombers (Canada has the U.S. on its southern border and Russia on its northern border).

1977: Egyptian President Anwar Sadat departed for his peace visit to Israel. As his Presidential aircraft entered Israeli airspace, Israeli fighter jets escorted it to Ben-Gurion Airport. 10,000 police were on alert upon his landing.

1998: During the Monica Lewinsky fornication and adultery (see Leviticus 18: Sexual Abominations) in the Oval Office investigation, the United States House of Representatives Judiciary Committee began impeachment hearings against U.S. President Bill Clinton.

1999: China launched Shenzhou 1. It orbited the Earth 14 times before re-entry where it landed in China about 400 kilometers east of where it had been launched.


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