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Monday, December 2 2013
Numbers 14: Why 40 Years In The Sinai?
"After the number of the days in which ye searched the land, even forty days, each day for a year, shall ye bear your iniquities"
The LORD (Who was and is Jesus Christ; see Genesis 1: In The Beginning Was The Word and The Kingdom Of The LORD God) fulfilled His promise to deliver the Israelites to the Promised Land, but they refused to enter (see Numbers 13: The Exploration Of The Promised Land). Instead, they cried "Let us make a captain, and let us return into Egypt."
"14:1 And all the congregation lifted up their voice, and cried; and the people wept that night. 14:2 And all the children of Israel murmured against Moses and against Aaron: and the whole congregation said unto them, Would God that we had died in the land of Egypt! or would God we had died in this wilderness! 14:3 And wherefore hath the LORD brought us unto this land, to fall by the sword, that our wives and our children should be a prey? were it not better for us to return into Egypt? 14:4 And they said one to another, Let us make a captain, and let us return into Egypt." (Numbers 14:1-4 KJV)
Moses faced a national mutiny (see Numbers 2: Israel's Battle Formation). Only Aaron, Joshua and Caleb are recorded as having stood with Moses. They alone "fell on their faces before all the assembly of the congregation of the children of Israel." Moses nevertheless prevented their destruction, praying to the LORD, "Pardon, I beseech thee, the iniquity of this people according unto the greatness of thy mercy, and as thou hast forgiven this people, from Egypt even until now."
"14:5 Then Moses and Aaron fell on their faces before all the assembly of the congregation of the children of Israel. 14:6 And Joshua the son of Nun, and Caleb the son of Jephunneh, which were of them that searched the land, rent their clothes: 14:7 And they spake unto all the company of the children of Israel, saying, The land, which we passed through to search it, is an exceeding good land. 14:8 If the LORD delight in us, then he will bring us into this land, and give it us; a land which floweth with milk and honey. 14:9 Only rebel not ye against the LORD, neither fear ye the people of the land; for they are bread for us: their defence is departed from them, and the LORD is with us: fear them not.
The LORD did not destroy them, but He punished them by giving them what they asked for - to not enter the Promised land. Instead, they would be given to wander in the wilderness of the Sinai for forty years, until the entire adult generation of the Exodus had passed away (see the Fact Finder question below).
"14:20 And the LORD said, I have pardoned according to thy word: 14:21 But as truly as I live, all the earth shall be filled with the glory of the LORD. 14:22 Because all those men which have seen my glory, and my miracles, which I did in Egypt and in the wilderness, and have tempted me now these ten times, and have not hearkened to my voice; 14:23 Surely they shall not see the land which I sware unto their fathers, neither shall any of them that provoked me see it: 14:24 But my servant Caleb, because he had another spirit with him, and hath followed me fully, him will I bring into the land whereinto he went; and his seed shall possess it. 14:25 (Now the Amalekites and the Canaanites dwelt in the valley.) To morrow turn you, and get you into the wilderness by the way of the Red sea.
The Israelites then rebelled again, by refusing to turn away from the land that they had refused to enter. Without the LORD fighting their battles (as He was going to do if they had entered the Promised Land), "They presumed to go up unto the hill top: nevertheless the ark of the covenant of the LORD, and Moses, departed not out of the camp. Then the Amalekites came down, and the Canaanites which dwelt in that hill, and smote them, and discomfited them, even unto Hormah."
"14:36 And the men, which Moses sent to search the land, who returned, and made all the congregation to murmur against him, by bringing up a slander upon the land, 14:37 Even those men that did bring up the evil report upon the land, died by the plague before the LORD. 14:38 But Joshua the son of Nun, and Caleb the son of Jephunneh, which were of the men that went to search the land, lived still.
Fact Finder: Would there have been a Book of Deuteronomy if the Israelites had entered the Promised Land at their first opportunity?
This Day In History, December 2
1254: Manfred, king of Sicily, defeated the Papal armies at the Battle of Foggia.
1547: Hernando Cortes, Spanish explorer, died at age 62.
1804: In the Cathedral of Notre Dame, Napoleon seized the crown from the hands of Pope Pius VII and crowned himself emperor. Napoleon then crowned Josephine as empress (see Emperors and Popes).
1805: The Battle of Austerlitz, also called the Battle of The Three Emperors, the first engagement of The War of The Third Coalition and one of Napoleon's most perfect victories. His 68,000 troops defeated almost 90,000 Russians and Austrians, forcing Austria to make peace with France (Treaty of Pressburg) and keeping Prussia temporarily out of the anti-France alliance. Napoleon lost 9,000 men, while Russia and Austria lost 15,000 killed and 11,000 captured.
1823: U.S. President James Monroe declared his "Monroe Doctrine." It stated that the entire continents of North and South America were no longer open to colonization by any European (referring primarily to Britain, France or Spain) power. Ironically, while it was intended to prevent further imperialism by European nations, it marked the birth of "Imperial America" toward the rest of the world.
1848: Franz Josef became the emperor of Austria and King of Hungary.
1859: Abolitionist John Brown was hanged after a famous raid on a federal arsenal in Virginia.
1918: Armenia proclaimed independence from Turkey.
1942: In Chicago, scientists developed nuclear fission, the basis of the atomic bomb.
1946: Britain and the U.S. merged the German occupation zones in their sectors, which eventually became West Germany. The Russian sector became East Germany.
1954: Formerly-powerful Senator Joseph McCarthy was censured by the U.S. Senate for misconduct after his ruthless public "Red Scare" investigations of many thousands of people whose lives and careers were severely damaged or destroyed after they were publicly "blacklisted" after McCarthy falsely accused them of being communists. McCarthy died in 1957, at the age of 48, of liver failure caused by his alcoholism.
1958: Belgium, the Netherlands and Luxembourg signed the Benelux Treaty.
1971: The Soviet Mars 3 space probe landed on Mars.
1979: Iranian electors voted in favor of a new constitution giving absolute power to Ayatollah Khomeini.
1982: Barney Clark received the first permanent artificial heart transplant, developed by Dr. Robert K. Jarvik.
1990: Helmut Kohl was re-elected as Chancellor of Germany in the first all-Germany election since the time of Adolf Hitler.