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Sunday, December 29 2013
Deuteronomy 5: The Ten Commandments - Forty Years Later
"The LORD made not this covenant with our fathers, but with us, even us, who are all of us here alive this day"
The Israelites were first given The Ten Commandments about three months after the Exodus (see Exodus 19: Arrival At Mount Sinai), while they were at Mount Sinai in the desert of the Sinai Peninsula (see also Paul's Geography Lesson). That first-giving of The Ten Commandments is recorded in Exodus chapter 20 (see Exodus 20: The Ten Commandments).
From Mount Sinai, the LORD (Who was and is Jesus Christ - see Genesis 1: In The Beginning Was The Word and The Kingdom Of The LORD God) led the Israelites northward to their Promised Land (see Numbers 10: North To The Promised Land), which they should have entered from the south, through the Negev Desert (see Numbers 13: The Exploration Of The Promised Land and Numbers 14: Why 40 Years In The Sinai?). They refused to enter however, so the LORD turned them around and had them wander aimlessly in the wilderness of the Sinai for forty years - until the rebel generation had all died off. It was the children and grandchildren of the adults of the Exodus who entered the Promised Land, from the east, across the Jordan River. It was there, in that well-watered area (see the photograph farther below) that Moses wrote the Book of Deuteronomy - and where he delivered the LORD's Ten Commandments for the second time, which was the first time for the children and grandchildren who were either children, or not even born, when the Ten Commandments were given the first time, at Mount Sinai.
It's the reason that The Ten Commandments are stated twice in the Holy Scriptures - Exodus 20 occurred about 3 months after the Exodus, while Deuteronomy 5 occurred about 40 years later, just before the death of Moses (see Deuteronomy 3: What Did Moses Pray For At The Jordan River? and Deuteronomy 4: The View From Higher Ground) and the Israelite crossing into the Promised Land under Joshua (see also From Moses And Aaron To Joshua and Eleazar).
Notice also the stark statement that the Covenant that the LORD made was revoked for those who broke it, but restored forty years later for those who would fulfill it i.e. "The LORD made not this covenant with our fathers, but with us, even us, who are all of us here alive this day."
"5:1 And Moses called all Israel, and said unto them,
Although Moses spoke in the present tense, it was delivered as a history lesson to those who were either young children or not yet even born when at Mount Mount Sinai.
"5:22 These words the LORD spake unto all your assembly in the mount out of the midst of the fire, of the cloud, and of the thick darkness, with a great voice: and he added no more.
Fact Finder: Why was a second set of Ten Commandments made while the Israelites were still at Mount Sinai?
This Day In History, December 29
1170: Thomas Beckett, the archbishop of Canterbury, was murdered on the altar of Canterbury Cathedral by knights of King Henry II.
1223: Pope Honorius III approved the Franciscans ("The Order of the Friars Minor"). The Roman Catholic order was founded in 1209 Francis of Assisi.
1427: The military forces of China's Ming Dynasty withdrew from Hanoi, thereby ending their colonial occupation of the Vietnamese people. Vietnam has experienced a very long and ancient history of being subjected to foreign empires.
1508: Portuguese military forces under Francisco de Almeida attacked Khambhat in the Battle of Dabul.
1786: The "Assembly of Notables" was convened during the French Revolution.
1837: The U.S. ship Caroline, that had been supplying the criminal rebel forces of William Lyon Mackenzie in Canada, was set on fire by Canadian defence forces and sent over Niagara Falls.
1845: The U.S. annexed the Republic of Texas. The Republic of Texas had been independent from Mexico since the Texas Revolution of 1836.
1859: The first iron-hulled armored warship, Britain's HMS Warrior, was launched.
1874: Alfonso XII, son of deposed Queen Isabella, was proclaimed king of Spain.
1890: About 200 Sioux men, women and children were slaughtered by the U.S. Army at the "Battle" of Wounded Knee, South Dakota.
1911: Sun Yat-sen became the provisional President of the Republic of China.
1937: The second Irish constitution went into effect, the Irish Free State renamed Eire.
1914: During the First World War (listen to our Sermon The European World Wars), the Battle of Sarikamis began between Russia and the Ottomans (i.e. Turkey; listen to our Sermon The Ottoman Empire). Although greater in numbers, the Turks were defeated in 5 days of fighting and lost 77,000 men.
1921: William Lyon Mackenzie King succeeded Arthur Meighen as Prime Minister of Canada.
1934: Japan formally refuted the Washington Naval Treaty of 1922 and the London Treaty of 1930. It led to Japan's rise as a major naval power in the Pacific during the Second World War.
1937: The Irish Free State was superseded by a new state called Ireland.
1940: During the Second World War, 1,500 fires were started in 1 day alone by German bombers dropping thousands of incendiary bombs on the center of London during "the blitz" winter of 1940-41. The bombing caused the worst damage since the great fire of 1666.
1972: 16 survivors from an Andes plane crash were rescued over 3 months after the plane went down. Those rescued later revealed that they had survived by eating passengers who were killed in the crash.
1986: Former British Prime Minister (1957-1963) Harold Macmillan died at age 92.
1989: Playwright Vaclav Havel, who had earlier been jailed for 5 years for his human rights activities and long denounced in the Communist media as an enemy of the state, was sworn in as president of Czechoslovakia.
1996: Guatemala and the leaders of Guatemalan National Revolutionary Unity signed a treaty to end their 36-year civil war.
1997: Hong Kong began the culling of the country's 1.25 million chickens to stop the spread of a potentially deadly influenza strain.