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Wednesday, January 8 2014
Deuteronomy 15: The Seven Years Release
"At the end of every seven years thou shalt make a release"
The English word "lease" originated from a Latin word, lessa, which meant to lessen. In matters of property, it came to be used when an owner of a property legally lessened his full control over his property by allowing someone else to use it, within specified limits, as their own.
The English word "release" is based upon the same original word, and the same original meaning, but came to be used, not for an owner permitting the use of his property by someone else, but to lessen an obligation that someone had to an owner.
The definitions of "lease" and "release" are identical to the Hebrew words of the Holy Scriptures that are translated with those words. The Biblical principle however is based upon an ultimate Owner from which owners of all physical property (including their own physical existence; see What Makes Physical Life Possible?) are His tenants: "10:26 For the earth is the Lord's, and the fulness thereof." (1 Corinthians 10:26 KJV). The LORD wasn't commanding what people could do with their property; He was commanding what people were to do with His property. It was in the ultimate Owner principle that the "release" law was given to His tenants, at all levels.
"15:1 At the end of every seven years thou shalt make a release. 15:2 And this is the manner of the release: Every creditor that lendeth ought unto his neighbour shall release it; he shall not exact it of his neighbour, or of his brother; because it is called the LORD'S release. 15:3 Of a foreigner thou mayest exact it again: but that which is thine with thy brother thine hand shall release; 15:4 Save when there shall be no poor among you; for the LORD shall greatly bless thee in the land which the LORD thy God giveth thee for an inheritance to possess it: 15:5 Only if thou carefully hearken unto the voice of the LORD thy God, to observe to do all these commandments which I command thee this day. 15:6 For the LORD thy God blesseth thee, as he promised thee: and thou shalt lend unto many nations, but thou shalt not borrow; and thou shalt reign over many nations, but they shall not reign over thee.
Wealth and property were to be the fruit of hard work (see The Fourth Commandment, Part One: Work) and righteous business behavior (see Parables Of Jesus Christ: Lazarus And The Rich Man and No Class Struggles In Christianity).
"15:12 And if thy brother, an Hebrew man, or an Hebrew woman, be sold unto thee, and serve thee six years; then in the seventh year thou shalt let him go free from thee. 15:13 And when thou sendest him out free from thee, thou shalt not let him go away empty: 15:14 Thou shalt furnish him liberally out of thy flock, and out of thy floor, and out of thy winepress: of that wherewith the LORD thy God hath blessed thee thou shalt give unto him. 15:15 And thou shalt remember that thou wast a bondman in the land of Egypt, and the LORD thy God redeemed thee: therefore I command thee this thing to day.
The LORD (Who was and is Jesus Christ - see Genesis 1: In The Beginning Was The Word and The Kingdom Of The LORD God) also established offerings and sacrifices for the same prophetic purpose (see Leviticus 1: The Burnt Offerings Of The Ancients and Numbers 18: The Inheritance Of The Levites; also The Blood Of Bulls And Goats).
"15:19 All the firstling males that come of thy herd and of thy flock thou shalt sanctify unto the LORD thy God: thou shalt do no work with the firstling of thy bullock, nor shear the firstling of thy sheep. 15:20 Thou shalt eat it before the LORD thy God year by year in the place which the LORD shall choose, thou and thy household. 15:21 And if there be any blemish therein, as if it be lame, or blind, or have any ill blemish, thou shalt not sacrifice it unto the LORD thy God. 15:22 Thou shalt eat it within thy gates: the unclean and the clean person shall eat it alike, as the roebuck, and as the hart. 15:23 Only thou shalt not eat the blood thereof; thou shalt pour it upon the ground as water." (Deuteronomy 15:19-23 KJV)
Fact Finder: What was the "Jubilee Year"?
This Day In History, January 8
307: Jin Huidi, Emperor of China's Jin Dynasty, was assassinated by poisoning; he was succeeded by his son Jin Huaidi.
871: Alfred the Great led a West Saxon army against an invasion of Danelaw Vikings.
1297: In Monaco, Franceschino Grimaldi, disguised as a monk, sneaked into the Genoese-controlled fortress, let in his own soldiers, and established the Grimaldi dynasty.
1499: Louis XII of France, after a papal divorce, married Anne, Duchess of Brittany, to keep the duchy for the crown.
1598: Jews were expelled from Genoa, Italy.
1656: The oldest surviving commercial newspaper began, in Haarlem, Netherlands.
1681: The treaty of Radzin ended 5 years of war between the Turks (i.e. the Ottoman Empire; listen to our Sermon The Ottoman Empire) against Russia and Poland.
1745: England, Austria, Saxony and the Netherlands formed an alliance against Russia.
1746: During the Second Jacobite Rising, Charles Edward Stuart (known as "Bonnie Prince Charlie" or "The Young Pretender") occupied Stirling.
1780: A magnitude 7.7 earthquake killed 80,000 people and caused major damage to the city of Tabriz, Iran.
1806: Cape Colony, South Africa became a British colony.
1815: The battle of New Orleans between U.S. and British forces. It was the last battle of the War of 1812 (1812-1814), although the war was officially over when the battle was fought - a peace treaty had actually been signed in Europe 2 weeks earlier, but the news had not reached the armies of either side until up to a month later in some more remote areas.
1877: Crazy Horse led Sioux warriors in their last battle against the U.S. Cavalry, at Wolf Mountain, Montana Territory. Although Sitting Bull is popularly regarded as the native leader at "Custer's Last Stand," Sitting Bull was not present at the battle, which was led by Crazy Horse who proved himself a superior battle commander than the flamboyant George Custer.
1926: Abdul Aziz ibn Saud became the King of the Hejaz, which he announced would from then on be called Saudi Arabia (see Paul's Geography Lesson).
1941: Robert Baden-Powell died at age 84. The British army officer, hero of the South African (Boer) War of 1899-1902, was founder of the Boy Scouts.
1959: Charles de Gaulle became the first president of France's Fifth Republic. He took office for a second term on this day in 1966.
1964: President Lyndon Johnson declared a "War on Poverty" in the U.S.
1973: The Soviet Luna 21 was launched. The spacecraft landed on the Moon where it deployed the second Soviet lunar rover.
1973: The trial of seven men accused of illegal entry into Democratic Party headquarters at Watergate began. The Watergate burglary eventually caused the resignation of Richard Nixon.
1998: A quote from a pro-cloning scientist: "You can't stop science. God made man in His own image. God intended for man to become one with God. ... Cloning and the reprogramming of DNA is the first serious step in becoming one with God."
2004: The RMS Queen Mary 2, the largest passenger ship ever built, was christened by her namesake's granddaughter, Queen Elizabeth II.