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Monday, February 10 2014

Joshua 14: Caleb's Hebron

"But My servant Caleb, because he had another spirit with him, and hath followed Me fully, him will I bring into the land whereinto he went; and his seed shall possess it"

The Israelite nation, that had grown from nativity (see A Biography Of Jacob: The Jacobites Of Syria and Genesis 46: The First Census Of Israel) to nation (see Exodus 1: I Will There Make Of Thee A Great Nation and Numbers 1: The First Sinai Census) was led by Moses and Aaron during their time in the Sinai (see Israel In History and Prophecy: The Sinai Journey). It was Joshua, as the Prime Minister of Israel (the LORD was the King), and Aaron's son Eleazar, as the High Priest (see Leviticus 8: The Prophecy Of The Blood Upon The Anointed One and From Moses And Aaron To Joshua and Eleazar) who led them into the land promised by the LORD (Who was and is Jesus Christ - see Genesis 1: In The Beginning Was The Word and The Kingdom Of The LORD God) to Abraham (see A Biography Of Abraham: From Ur To Canaan).

Hebron

"14:1 And these are the countries which the children of Israel [see A Biography Of Jacob: The Jacobites Of Syria and Genesis 32: The Origin Of Israel] inherited in the land of Canaan, which Eleazar the priest, and Joshua the son of Nun, and the heads of the fathers of the tribes of the children of Israel, distributed for inheritance to them. 14:2 By lot was their inheritance, as the LORD commanded by the hand of Moses, for the nine tribes, and for the half tribe [see Joshua 11: The Land Rested From War and Joshua 13: The Frontiers].

14:3 For Moses had given the inheritance of two tribes and an half tribe on the other side Jordan [see Numbers 32: The Israel Of East Jordan]: but unto the Levites he gave none inheritance among them [see Numbers 18: The Inheritance Of The Levites]. 14:4 For the children of Joseph were two tribes, Manasseh and Ephraim: therefore they gave no part unto the Levites in the land, save cities to dwell in, with their suburbs for their cattle and for their substance. 14:5 As the LORD commanded Moses, so the children of Israel did, and they divided the land." (Joshua 14:1-5 KJV)

The Israelites had spent 40 years in the Sinai because they refused to enter the Promised Land when the LORD first gave them the opportunity to do so, only about 14 months after the Exodus (see Deuteronomy 1: Why A Book Of Deuteronomy In The Bible? and Deuteronomy 2: The Israelite Wanderland). Only Joshua and Caleb had proven themselves righteous and worthy from among the scouts sent ahead into the land.

"14:22 Because all those men which have seen my glory, and my miracles, which I did in Egypt and in the wilderness, and have tempted me now these ten times, and have not hearkened to my voice; 14:23 Surely they shall not see the land which I sware unto their fathers, neither shall any of them that provoked me see it: 14:24 But my servant Caleb, because he had another spirit with him, and hath followed me fully, him will I bring into the land whereinto he went; and his seed shall possess it." (Numbers 14:22-24 KJV)

"14:29 Your carcases shall fall in this wilderness; and all that were numbered of you, according to your whole number, from twenty years old and upward, which have murmured against me, 14:30 Doubtless ye shall not come into the land, concerning which I sware to make you dwell therein, save Caleb the son of Jephunneh, and Joshua the son of Nun. 14:31 But your little ones, which ye said should be a prey, them will I bring in, and they shall know the land which ye have despised. 14:32 But as for you, your carcases, they shall fall in this wilderness." (Numbers 14:22-32 KJV)

As the LORD promised, Joshua and Caleb were given to enter the Promised Land. Caleb, who was of the tribe of Judah (see Genesis 38: The First Jews) was given the city of Hebron, where Abraham, Isaac and Jacob/Israel are entombed, as his inheritance. So then, "Hebron therefore became the inheritance of Caleb the son of Jephunneh the Kenezite unto this day, because that he wholly followed the LORD God of Israel."

Hebron

"14:6 Then the children of Judah came unto Joshua in Gilgal: and Caleb the son of Jephunneh the Kenezite said unto him,

Thou knowest the thing that the LORD said unto Moses the man of God concerning me and thee in Kadeshbarnea. 14:7 Forty years old was I when Moses the servant of the LORD sent me from Kadeshbarnea to espy out the land; and I brought him word again as it was in mine heart. 14:8 Nevertheless my brethren that went up with me made the heart of the people melt: but I wholly followed the LORD my God. 14:9 And Moses sware on that day, saying, Surely the land whereon thy feet have trodden shall be thine inheritance, and thy children's for ever, because thou hast wholly followed the LORD my God.

14:10 And now, behold, the LORD hath kept me alive, as he said, these forty and five years, even since the LORD spake this word unto Moses, while the children of Israel wandered in the wilderness: and now, lo, I am this day fourscore and five years old. 14:11 As yet I am as strong this day as I was in the day that Moses sent me: as my strength was then, even so is my strength now, for war, both to go out, and to come in.

14:12 Now therefore give me this mountain, whereof the LORD spake in that day; for thou heardest in that day how the Anakims were there, and that the cities were great and fenced: if so be the LORD will be with me, then I shall be able to drive them out, as the LORD said.

14:13 And Joshua blessed him, and gave unto Caleb the son of Jephunneh Hebron for an inheritance.

14:14 Hebron therefore became the inheritance of Caleb the son of Jephunneh the Kenezite unto this day, because that he wholly followed the LORD God of Israel. 14:15 And the name of Hebron before was Kirjatharba; which Arba was a great man among the Anakims.

And the land had rest from war." (Joshua 14:6-15 KJV)

Fact Finder: (a) How did Hebron become Abraham's home and burial place? (b) Was Hebron the capital city of King David during the Civil War with Saul?
(a) See Camped Out In Canaan and A Biography Of Abraham: Mamre in Hebron
(b) See Israel In History and Prophecy: The Civil War


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This Day In History, February 10

48 BC: Lucius Domitius Ahenobarbus died. He was a leader of the Optimates (an ultra-conservative senatorial aristocracy) in the last years of the Roman Republic (see The Politics Of Rome) which was followed by Imperial Rome under the "Caesars" - the first of which is recorded in the Bible (see A History Of Jerusalem: Pompey And The Caesars and Pax Romana: The Birth Of The Roman Empire). After the powerful generals Julius Caesar (see The Cleopatra Connection and A History Of Jerusalem: Greeks, Ptolemies, Seleucids), Gnaeus Pompey and Marcus Licinius Crassus formed an unofficial ruling triumvirate in 60 BC, Ahenobarbus resisted them.

Athenian Empire 1162: Baldwin III died at age 31. He was the king of the "crusader state" of Jerusalem from 1143 to 1162 (see A History Of Jerusalem: Constantine and Muhammad and Constantine's Crusades In History And Prophecy; listen also to out Sermon Constantine's Papacy).

1258: Huegu, a Mongol leader, seized Baghdad, bringing an end to the Abbasid caliphate.

1364: A treaty was signed which guaranteed that Tyrol would be kept in the families of the Luxemburgs and Hapsburgs.

1567: Lord Darnley, the husband of Roman Catholic Queen Mary Stuart, ("Mary, Queen of Scots") was murdered by her lover (and next husband) James Hepburn.

1720: Edmund Halley was appointed the second Astronomer Royal of England.

1763: Britain gained control of Canada from France with the signing of the Treaty of Paris. The treaty, signed between Britain, France and Spain, ended the Seven Years War, stripped France of all its possessions north of what became the United States, except for the tiny islands of St. Pierre-Miquelon off the east coast of Canada, which remain territories of France to this day. Spain won Louisiana and Havana.

1799: Napoleon Bonaparte departed Cairo, Egypt, for Syria, with a force of 13,000 men.

1814: Napoleon personally directed lightning strikes against enemy columns advancing toward Paris, beginning with a victory over the Russians at Champaubert.

1837: Alexander Pushkin, Russian poet and novelist, was killed in a duel. Regarded as Russia's greatest poet, his works included Boris Godunov.

1840: Queen Victoria of England and Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg (Germany), both age 21, were married. The marriage was arranged by their uncle (Victoria and Albert were cousins) King Leopold of Belgium.

1846: British general Sir Hugh Gough decisively routed Tej Singh's Sikhs in the Battle of Sobraon.

1904: Russia and Japan declared war on each other.

1906: Britain's first modern battleship, HMS Dreadnought, was launched.

1918: Abdulhhamid II died at age 76. He was the Ottoman sultan 1876-1909 (listen to our Sermon The Ottoman Empire).

1936: Adolf Hitler's Gestapo ("ge-stat-po" is the German abbreviation of "the-state-police") were authorized to arrest and imprison without trial (see Presidential Quotes On War, Terrorism, Religion).

1954: U.S. President Dwight Eisenhower warned against the U.S. becoming involved in the Vietnam civil war between North and South Vietnam. The armaments industries (that Eisenhower called "the military-industrial complex) nevertheless succeeded in keeping the U.S. in a state of perpetual war against and around the world.

1962: In a ceremony on a bridge between West Berlin and East Germany, Soviet spy Rudolf Abel, who had been arrested in New York, was exchanged for shot-down U.S. U-2 spy-plane pilot Francis Gary Powers and a U.S. "student" who had been held in East Germany on spying charges.

1974: British coal miners began a national strike. The dispute caused energy shortages, a 3 day work week, and the collapse of Edward Heath's Conservative government.

1986: The largest Mafia trial in history, with 474 defendants, opened in Palermo, Italy.

1991: Lithuanians voted overwhelmingly for independence from the Soviet Union. Parliament had already declared independence in March 1990.

1996: An IBM computer called Deep Blue defeated world champion Garry Kasparov, the first victory of a machine under classic tournament rules.

2005: North Korea announced that it had nuclear weapons.

2009: The communication satellites Iridium 33 and Kosmos-2251 collided in Earth orbit; both were destroyed.





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