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Thursday, February 13 2014

Joshua 17: West Manasseh

"There fell ten portions to Manasseh, beside the land of Gilead and Bashan, which were on the other side Jordan"

Manasseh was unique among the tribes of Israel (see Genesis 46: The First Census Of Israel). While all of the other tribal patriarchs were born in Syria (except for Benjamin who was born immediately after the family left Syria; see The Rachel Prophecies) of Iraqi-Syrian Asian mothers (see A Biography Of Jacob: The Jacobites Of Syria; also Who Were The First Jews?), Manasseh and his brother Ephraim were born in Egypt by an Egyptian African mother.

As shown on the map below, the tribe of Manasseh was further unique in that their tribal territory was the only one that existed on both sides of the Jordan River - although the division was based upon separated clans of Manasseh (some clans east of the Jordan, some clans west of the Jordan), not merely a haphazard division of the tribe. While the tribe as a whole was divided, the families of the tribe remained together (see the clan listing and explanation in the study Why East And West Manasseh?).

"17:1 There was also a lot for the tribe of Manasseh; for he was the firstborn of Joseph; to wit, for Machir the firstborn of Manasseh, the father of Gilead: because he was a man of war, therefore he had Gilead and Bashan. 17:2 There was also a lot for the rest of the children of Manasseh by their families; for the children of Abiezer, and for the children of Helek, and for the children of Asriel, and for the children of Shechem, and for the children of Hepher, and for the children of Shemida: these were the male children of Manasseh the son of Joseph by their families.

17:3 But Zelophehad, the son of Hepher, the son of Gilead, the son of Machir, the son of Manasseh, had no sons, but daughters: and these are the names of his daughters, Mahlah, and Noah, Hoglah, Milcah, and Tirzah. 17:4 And they came near before Eleazar the priest, and before Joshua the son of Nun, and before the princes, saying, The LORD [Who was and is Jesus Christ - see Genesis 1: In The Beginning Was The Word and The Kingdom Of The LORD God] commanded Moses to give us an inheritance among our brethren. Therefore according to the commandment of the LORD he gave them an inheritance among the brethren of their father. [see Numbers 36: The Second Ruling For Zelophehad's Daughters] 17:5 And there fell ten portions to Manasseh, beside the land of Gilead and Bashan, which were on the other side Jordan; 17:6 Because the daughters of Manasseh had an inheritance among his sons: and the rest of Manasseh's sons had the land of Gilead." (Joshua 17:1-6 KJV)

Tribal Map
So it was then that the tribe of Manasseh received their lands west of the Jordan River. After the division of Israel into "Israel" and "Judah," Manasseh was one of the ten tribes of the Kingdom of Israel (see Israel In History and Prophecy: Israel and Judah and the Fact Finder question below).

"17:7 And the coast of Manasseh was from Asher to Michmethah, that lieth before Shechem; and the border went along on the right hand unto the inhabitants of Entappuah. 17:8 Now Manasseh had the land of Tappuah: but Tappuah on the border of Manasseh belonged to the children of Ephraim; 17:9 And the coast descended unto the river Kanah, southward of the river: these cities of Ephraim are among the cities of Manasseh: the coast of Manasseh also was on the north side of the river, and the outgoings of it were at the sea: 17:10 Southward it was Ephraim's, and northward it was Manasseh's, and the sea is his border; and they met together in Asher on the north, and in Issachar on the east.

17:11 And Manasseh had in Issachar and in Asher Bethshean and her towns, and Ibleam and her towns, and the inhabitants of Dor and her towns, and the inhabitants of Endor and her towns, and the inhabitants of Taanach and her towns, and the inhabitants of Megiddo and her towns, even three countries.

17:12 Yet the children of Manasseh could not drive out the inhabitants of those cities; but the Canaanites would dwell in that land. 17:13 Yet it came to pass, when the children of Israel were waxen strong, that they put the Canaanites to tribute; but did not utterly drive them out. [see also What Does The Bible Really Say About Canaanites?]

17:14 And the children of Joseph spake unto Joshua, saying, Why hast thou given me but one lot and one portion to inherit, seeing I am a great people, forasmuch as the LORD hath blessed me hitherto?

17:15 And Joshua answered them, If thou be a great people, then get thee up to the wood country, and cut down for thyself there in the land of the Perizzites and of the giants, if mount Ephraim be too narrow for thee.

17:16 And the children of Joseph said, The hill is not enough for us: and all the Canaanites that dwell in the land of the valley have chariots of iron, both they who are of Bethshean and her towns, and they who are of the valley of Jezreel.

17:17 And Joshua spake unto the house of Joseph, even to Ephraim and to Manasseh, saying, Thou art a great people, and hast great power: thou shalt not have one lot only: 17:18 But the mountain shall be thine; for it is a wood, and thou shalt cut it down: and the outgoings of it shall be thine: for thou shalt drive out the Canaanites, though they have iron chariots, and though they be strong." (Joshua 17:7-18 KJV)

Fact Finder: Were both east and west Manasseh taken away by the Assyrians among "the lost ten tribes" of Israel?
See Israel In History and Prophecy: The Lost Ten Tribes


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This Day In History, February 13

1462: The Treaty of Westminster was completed between Edward IV of England and the Scottish Lord of the Isles.

1542: Catherine Howard, the 5th wife of Henry VIII, was beheaded for alleged adultery.

1575: Henry III of France was crowned at Rheims.

Galileo 1633: Galileo Galilei arrived in Rome for trial before the Inquisition. In 1992, the Vatican acknowledged that the excommunicated Italian astronomer had been right in saying that the earth orbits around the sun, not vice versa as the Church of Rome had earlier taught - a mistake that the leaders of the Church of Rome might not have made if they had based their beliefs on the Word of God e.g. see No 'Flat Earth' In The Bible.

1668: Spain recognized the independence of Portugal under the Treaty of Lisbon.

1689: William of Orange and his wife Mary, daughter of the deposed James II, were declared joint sovereigns of Great Britain and Ireland.

1689: The British Parliament adopted the Bill of Rights.

1759: At a session of the Nova Scotia legislature in Canada, the first vote by secret ballot in the British Empire was held.

1788: In Britain, the trial of Warren Hastings began. Governor-general of India, he was charged with "high crimes and misdemeanors" in a case which took 7 years to complete.

1793: Britain, Prussia, Austria, Holland, Spain and Sardinia formed an alliance against France.

1858: Sir Richard Burton and Captain John Speke became the first (known) Europeans to discover Lake Tanganyika in East Africa.

1895: The Lumiere brothers were granted a patent in France for their machine "to film and view chronophotographic proofs" - one of the earliest projectors.

1909: The "Young Turk" revolution gathered added momentum when the Grand Vizier (see A History Of Jerusalem: The British Mandate and listen to our Sermon The Ottoman Empire) was overthrown in Constantinople.

1927: Brooks Adams died at age 79. The U.S. historian (and grandson of President John Quincy Adams) developed the correct theory that "by its nature and substance, U.S. democracy was foreordained to degradation and decay."

1945: The Royal Air Force Bomber Command devastated the German city of Dresden with night missions by 873 heavy British and Canadian bombers. The attacks were followed by 521 American heavy bombers flying daylight missions.

1955: Israel took possession of 4 of the Dead Sea scrolls (listen to our Sermon The Dead Sea Scrolls).

1960: France became the fourth country to possess nuclear weapons.

1961: A supposed 500,000-year-old rock, discovered near Olancha, California, was found to have a modern-day spark plug encased within it. It became known as the Coso Artifact.

1974: Author Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn, who won the Nobel Prize in literature in 1970, was deported from the Soviet Union and deprived of Soviet citizenship.

1984: Konstantin Chernenko succeeded Yuri Andropov as General Secretary of the then-declining Communist Party of the Soviet Union (the Soviet Union itself was by then soon to cease to exist).

1990: An agreement was reached to reunite Germany (see Ein Volk! Ein Reich! Ein Euro!).

2012: The European Space Agency (ESA) made the first launch of its Vega rocket from Europe's spaceport in Kourou, French Guiana.



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