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Friday, February 21 2014
Judges 1: Why Did The Jews Burn Jerusalem?
"Now the children of Judah had fought against Jerusalem, and had taken it, and smitten it with the edge of the sword, and set the city on fire"
The era of the "Judges" (see Israel In History and Prophecy: The Judges) began after the death of Joshua (see Joshua 23: Joshua's Farewell and Joshua 24: The Covenant Of Shechem). Joshua had served as the Prime Minister of Israel and the battle commander who had secured the land for the Israelites (see Joshua 11: The Land Rested From War and Joshua 13: The Frontiers), but he had not done so simply by annihilating the Canaanites. As proven with Rahab the Canaanite (see Joshua 2: Rahab Of Jericho), that was not the way that the LORD (Who was and is Jesus Christ - see Genesis 1: In The Beginning Was The Word and The Kingdom Of The LORD God) had commanded them to fight (see Deuteronomy 20: Articles Of War).
"1:1 Now after the death of Joshua it came to pass, that the children of Israel asked the LORD, saying, Who shall go up for us against the Canaanites first, to fight against them?
"1:8 Now the children of Judah had fought against Jerusalem, and had taken it, and smitten it with the edge of the sword, and set the city on fire.
The tribal territories of Ephraim and Manasseh were sometimes recorded by their actual father Joseph, hence "the house of Joseph" (see Genesis 48: The Adoption Of Ephraim and Manasseh, Joshua 16: Ephraim's Inheritance, Joshua 17: West Manasseh and Why East And West Manasseh?). They too did not achieve total control of the land; none of the tribes did so - "the Canaanites dwelt among them."
"1:22 And the house of Joseph, they also went up against Bethel: and the LORD was with them. 1:23 And the house of Joseph sent to descry Bethel [see also Genesis 35: The Return To Bethel]. (Now the name of the city before was Luz.) 1:24 And the spies saw a man come forth out of the city, and they said unto him, Shew us, we pray thee, the entrance into the city, and we will shew thee mercy. 1:25 And when he shewed them the entrance into the city, they smote the city with the edge of the sword; but they let go the man and all his family. 1:26 And the man went into the land of the Hittites, and built a city, and called the name thereof Luz: which is the name thereof unto this day.
Fact Finder: As stated in the verses above, the people of Judah ("Jew" is merely an abbreviation of Judah) were the first to be sent to fight the Canaanites after the death of Joshua. Did the Jews originate from the Canaanite women that Judah married?
This Day In History, February 21
362: Athanasius, the "pope of Alexandria," returns to Alexandria. He was notable for his involvement in the conflict with Arius and Arianism (see The Little Big Horn).
1173: Pope Alexander III canonized Thomas Becket. As Archbishop of Canterbury, Becket was executed 3 years before by King Henry II for his pro-papacy, anti-patriotic activities against his own country.
1437: After the king's efforts to break the influence of the Scottish nobility, King James I of Scotland was assassinated by conspirators led by Walter of Atholl.
1440: The Prussian Confederation was formed (see also The Holy Roman Empire Of The German Nation).
1543: The Battle of Wayna Daga. An allied force of Ethiopian and Portuguese troops defeated a Muslim army under Ahmed Gragn.
1613: Michael Romanov became czar (the Russian form of "Caesar"; see also Caesar) of Russia, beginning the Romanov dynasty.
1715: Charles Calvert, 3rd Baron Baltimore, died at age 78. He was commissioned governor of Maryland in 1661 and succeeded as proprietor of the colony in 1665. Like his grandfather, George Calvert, 1st Baron Baltimore, he was a staunch Roman Catholic and faced anti-Catholic feeling which was strong among Maryland's protestant majority.
1744: The British blockade of Toulon was broken by 27 French and Spanish warships attacking the 29 British ships.
1804: The world's first steam locomotive was completed, at the Pen-y-Darren Ironworks in Wales.
1848: Karl Marx (born of a wealthy Jewish and Rabbinical family in Germany) and Friedrich Engels (a wealthy German industrialist and atheist) published their infamous Communist Manifesto. Considering that both of them were very wealthy, and were never "workers," their Communist Manifesto is regarded by many historians to have been written by two hypocrites, not two social economists.
1849: In the Second British-Sikh War, the British defeated a force of 50,000 Sikhs at the Battle of Gujerat.
1915: During the First World War (listen to our Sermon The European World Wars), German forces under Hindenberg heavily defeated the Russians under Baron Siever at the Winter Battle of Masuria which ended this day. Over 200,000 Russians were lost.
1916: During the First World War, German forces launched an attack on the French fortress at Verdun. The battle ended December 18, with 434,000 German and 543,000 French casualties.
1918: During the First World War, while British forces were advancing on Jerusalem (see A History Of Jerusalem: The British Mandate), Australian cavalry captured Jericho from the Ottomans (listen also to our Sermons The Ottoman Empire and The Balfour Declaration).
1940: The Nazis begin construction of the concentration camp at Auschwitz (see Presidential Quotes On War, Terrorism, Religion).
1941: Frederick Banting died at age 50. The Canadian physician (from Alliston, Ontario), with Charles Best of Toronto, discovered insulin in 1921 (which led to the effective treatment for diabetes). Banting was co-recipient (along with Scottish researcher John Macleod) of the 1923 Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine. Knighted in 1934, Banting was killed in a plane crash while on a war mission in the Second World War.
1944: Hideki Tojo became chief of staff of the Japanese army. "Tojo" thereafter became an epithet of Japan during the remainder of the Second World War.
1945: Eric Liddell died at age 43. The Scottish Olympic champion runner, later a missionary to China, was captured by the Japanese during the Second World War and died of a brain tumor while imprisoned. His college running days were portrayed in the 1981 film Chariots of Fire.
1965: U.S. African-American Muslim leader Malcolm X (actual name Malcolm Little) was assassinated in New York by members of the so-called "Nation of Islam."
1973: Israeli warplanes shot down Libyan Arab Airlines Flight 114 over the Sinai Desert, killing all 108 passengers and crew.
1975: U.S. Attorney General John N. Mitchell (the highest law-enforcement officer in the country) and White House officials H.R. Haldeman and John Ehrlichman were sentenced to prison for their criminal involvement in the Watergate burglary.