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Friday, February 21 2014

Judges 1: Why Did The Jews Burn Jerusalem?

"Now the children of Judah had fought against Jerusalem, and had taken it, and smitten it with the edge of the sword, and set the city on fire"

The era of the "Judges" (see Israel In History and Prophecy: The Judges) began after the death of Joshua (see Joshua 23: Joshua's Farewell and Joshua 24: The Covenant Of Shechem). Joshua had served as the Prime Minister of Israel and the battle commander who had secured the land for the Israelites (see Joshua 11: The Land Rested From War and Joshua 13: The Frontiers), but he had not done so simply by annihilating the Canaanites. As proven with Rahab the Canaanite (see Joshua 2: Rahab Of Jericho), that was not the way that the LORD (Who was and is Jesus Christ - see Genesis 1: In The Beginning Was The Word and The Kingdom Of The LORD God) had commanded them to fight (see Deuteronomy 20: Articles Of War).

"1:1 Now after the death of Joshua it came to pass, that the children of Israel asked the LORD, saying, Who shall go up for us against the Canaanites first, to fight against them?

1:2 And the LORD said, Judah shall go up: behold, I have delivered the land into his hand.

1:3 And Judah said unto Simeon his brother, Come up with me into my lot, that we may fight against the Canaanites; and I likewise will go with thee into thy lot. So Simeon went with him.

1:4 And Judah went up; and the LORD delivered the Canaanites and the Perizzites into their hand: and they slew of them in Bezek ten thousand men. 1:5 And they found Adonibezek in Bezek: and they fought against him, and they slew the Canaanites and the Perizzites. 1:6 But Adonibezek fled; and they pursued after him, and caught him, and cut off his thumbs and his great toes.

1:7 And Adonibezek said, Threescore and ten kings, having their thumbs and their great toes cut off, gathered their meat under my table: as I have done, so God hath requited me. And they brought him to Jerusalem, and there he died." (Judges 1:1-7 KJV)

Tribal Map
The tribal territory of Judah (see Joshua 15: Judah's Homeland) included the Canaanite city of Jebus, later known as the city of Jerusalem. It was at that time however a foreign city to the Israelites, so "Judah had fought against Jerusalem, and had taken it, and smitten it with the edge of the sword, and set the city on fire." The tribal territory of Benjamin (see Joshua 18: The Land Of Benjamin) also bordered on Jerusalem, so they too "did not drive out the Jebusites that inhabited Jerusalem; but the Jebusites dwell with the children of Benjamin in Jerusalem unto this day." The city remained foreign to the Israelites for about two more centuries before it was taken by King David (see A History Of Jerusalem: Jebus Of Canaan).

"1:8 Now the children of Judah had fought against Jerusalem, and had taken it, and smitten it with the edge of the sword, and set the city on fire.

1:9 And afterward the children of Judah went down to fight against the Canaanites, that dwelt in the mountain, and in the south, and in the valley. 1:10 And Judah went against the Canaanites that dwelt in Hebron: (now the name of Hebron before was Kirjatharba:) and they slew Sheshai, and Ahiman, and Talmai.

1:11 And from thence he went against the inhabitants of Debir: and the name of Debir before was Kirjathsepher: 1:12 And Caleb [see Joshua 14: Caleb's Hebron] said, He that smiteth Kirjathsepher, and taketh it, to him will I give Achsah my daughter to wife. 1:13 And Othniel the son of Kenaz, Caleb's younger brother, took it: and he gave him Achsah his daughter to wife.

1:14 And it came to pass, when she came to him, that she moved him to ask of her father a field: and she lighted from off her ass; and Caleb said unto her, What wilt thou?

1:15 And she said unto him, Give me a blessing: for thou hast given me a south land; give me also springs of water. And Caleb gave her the upper springs and the nether springs.

Canaanites 1:16 And the children of the Kenite, Moses' father in law, went up out of the city of palm trees with the children of Judah into the wilderness of Judah, which lieth in the south of Arad; and they went and dwelt among the people.

1:17 And Judah went with Simeon his brother, and they slew the Canaanites that inhabited Zephath, and utterly destroyed it. And the name of the city was called Hormah. 1:18 Also Judah took Gaza with the coast thereof, and Askelon with the coast thereof, and Ekron with the coast thereof.

1:19 And the LORD was with Judah; and he drave out the inhabitants of the mountain; but could not drive out the inhabitants of the valley, because they had chariots of iron. 1:20 And they gave Hebron unto Caleb, as Moses said: and he expelled thence the three sons of Anak. 1:21 And the children of Benjamin did not drive out the Jebusites that inhabited Jerusalem; but the Jebusites dwell with the children of Benjamin in Jerusalem unto this day." (Judges 1:8-21 KJV)

The tribal territories of Ephraim and Manasseh were sometimes recorded by their actual father Joseph, hence "the house of Joseph" (see Genesis 48: The Adoption Of Ephraim and Manasseh, Joshua 16: Ephraim's Inheritance, Joshua 17: West Manasseh and Why East And West Manasseh?). They too did not achieve total control of the land; none of the tribes did so - "the Canaanites dwelt among them."

"1:22 And the house of Joseph, they also went up against Bethel: and the LORD was with them. 1:23 And the house of Joseph sent to descry Bethel [see also Genesis 35: The Return To Bethel]. (Now the name of the city before was Luz.) 1:24 And the spies saw a man come forth out of the city, and they said unto him, Shew us, we pray thee, the entrance into the city, and we will shew thee mercy. 1:25 And when he shewed them the entrance into the city, they smote the city with the edge of the sword; but they let go the man and all his family. 1:26 And the man went into the land of the Hittites, and built a city, and called the name thereof Luz: which is the name thereof unto this day.

1:27 Neither did Manasseh drive out the inhabitants of Bethshean and her towns, nor Taanach and her towns, nor the inhabitants of Dor and her towns, nor the inhabitants of Ibleam and her towns, nor the inhabitants of Megiddo and her towns: but the Canaanites would dwell in that land. 1:28 And it came to pass, when Israel was strong, that they put the Canaanites to tribute, and did not utterly drive them out. 1:29 Neither did Ephraim drive out the Canaanites that dwelt in Gezer; but the Canaanites dwelt in Gezer among them. 1:30 Neither did Zebulun drive out the inhabitants of Kitron, nor the inhabitants of Nahalol; but the Canaanites dwelt among them, and became tributaries. 1:31 Neither did Asher drive out the inhabitants of Accho, nor the inhabitants of Zidon, nor of Ahlab, nor of Achzib, nor of Helbah, nor of Aphik, nor of Rehob: 1:32 But the Asherites dwelt among the Canaanites, the inhabitants of the land: for they did not drive them out. 1:33 Neither did Naphtali drive out the inhabitants of Bethshemesh, nor the inhabitants of Bethanath; but he dwelt among the Canaanites, the inhabitants of the land: nevertheless the inhabitants of Bethshemesh and of Bethanath became tributaries unto them. 1:34 And the Amorites forced the children of Dan into the mountain: for they would not suffer them to come down to the valley: 1:35 But the Amorites would dwell in mount Heres in Aijalon, and in Shaalbim: yet the hand of the house of Joseph prevailed, so that they became tributaries. 1:36 And the coast of the Amorites was from the going up to Akrabbim, from the rock, and upward." (Judges 1:22-36 KJV)

Fact Finder: As stated in the verses above, the people of Judah ("Jew" is merely an abbreviation of Judah) were the first to be sent to fight the Canaanites after the death of Joshua. Did the Jews originate from the Canaanite women that Judah married?
See Genesis 38: The First Jews; also What Does The Bible Really Say About Canaanites?


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This Day In History, February 21

362: Athanasius, the "pope of Alexandria," returns to Alexandria. He was notable for his involvement in the conflict with Arius and Arianism (see The Little Big Horn).

1173: Pope Alexander III canonized Thomas Becket. As Archbishop of Canterbury, Becket was executed 3 years before by King Henry II for his pro-papacy, anti-patriotic activities against his own country.

1437: After the king's efforts to break the influence of the Scottish nobility, King James I of Scotland was assassinated by conspirators led by Walter of Atholl.

Alexandria 1440: The Prussian Confederation was formed (see also The Holy Roman Empire Of The German Nation).

1543: The Battle of Wayna Daga. An allied force of Ethiopian and Portuguese troops defeated a Muslim army under Ahmed Gragn.

1613: Michael Romanov became czar (the Russian form of "Caesar"; see also Caesar) of Russia, beginning the Romanov dynasty.

1715: Charles Calvert, 3rd Baron Baltimore, died at age 78. He was commissioned governor of Maryland in 1661 and succeeded as proprietor of the colony in 1665. Like his grandfather, George Calvert, 1st Baron Baltimore, he was a staunch Roman Catholic and faced anti-Catholic feeling which was strong among Maryland's protestant majority.

1744: The British blockade of Toulon was broken by 27 French and Spanish warships attacking the 29 British ships.

1804: The world's first steam locomotive was completed, at the Pen-y-Darren Ironworks in Wales.

1848: Karl Marx (born of a wealthy Jewish and Rabbinical family in Germany) and Friedrich Engels (a wealthy German industrialist and atheist) published their infamous Communist Manifesto. Considering that both of them were very wealthy, and were never "workers," their Communist Manifesto is regarded by many historians to have been written by two hypocrites, not two social economists.

1849: In the Second British-Sikh War, the British defeated a force of 50,000 Sikhs at the Battle of Gujerat.

1915: During the First World War (listen to our Sermon The European World Wars), German forces under Hindenberg heavily defeated the Russians under Baron Siever at the Winter Battle of Masuria which ended this day. Over 200,000 Russians were lost.

1916: During the First World War, German forces launched an attack on the French fortress at Verdun. The battle ended December 18, with 434,000 German and 543,000 French casualties.

1918: During the First World War, while British forces were advancing on Jerusalem (see A History Of Jerusalem: The British Mandate), Australian cavalry captured Jericho from the Ottomans (listen also to our Sermons The Ottoman Empire and The Balfour Declaration).

1940: The Nazis begin construction of the concentration camp at Auschwitz (see Presidential Quotes On War, Terrorism, Religion).

1941: Frederick Banting died at age 50. The Canadian physician (from Alliston, Ontario), with Charles Best of Toronto, discovered insulin in 1921 (which led to the effective treatment for diabetes). Banting was co-recipient (along with Scottish researcher John Macleod) of the 1923 Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine. Knighted in 1934, Banting was killed in a plane crash while on a war mission in the Second World War.

1944: Hideki Tojo became chief of staff of the Japanese army. "Tojo" thereafter became an epithet of Japan during the remainder of the Second World War.

1945: Eric Liddell died at age 43. The Scottish Olympic champion runner, later a missionary to China, was captured by the Japanese during the Second World War and died of a brain tumor while imprisoned. His college running days were portrayed in the 1981 film Chariots of Fire.

1965: U.S. African-American Muslim leader Malcolm X (actual name Malcolm Little) was assassinated in New York by members of the so-called "Nation of Islam."

1973: Israeli warplanes shot down Libyan Arab Airlines Flight 114 over the Sinai Desert, killing all 108 passengers and crew.

1975: U.S. Attorney General John N. Mitchell (the highest law-enforcement officer in the country) and White House officials H.R. Haldeman and John Ehrlichman were sentenced to prison for their criminal involvement in the Watergate burglary.



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