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Friday, April 11 2014
1 Samuel 25: The Meeting Of David And Abigail
"David sent and communed with Abigail, to take her to him to wife"
Samuel died of old age after lifelong service to the LORD (see 1 Samuel 1: Hannah's Dedication Of Samuel, 1 Samuel 3: The Calling Of Samuel, 1 Samuel 9: Saul Of Benjamin and Samuel The Seer and 1 Samuel 12: Samuel's Farewell). David attended the funeral when "all the Israelites were gathered together, and lamented him, and buried him in his house at Ramah."
"25:1 And Samuel died; and all the Israelites were gathered together, and lamented him, and buried him in his house at Ramah.
David's royal army was growing - more powerful, and more in need of supplies to sustain them. One day, David respectfully asked a very wealthy man ("the man was very great, and he had three thousand sheep, and a thousand goats") if he would provide to David's army "whatsoever cometh to thine hand unto thy servants." Nabal not only refused, which David would have accepted, but did so in a hostile manner - which David could not.
"25:2 And there was a man in Maon, whose possessions were in Carmel; and the man was very great, and he had three thousand sheep, and a thousand goats: and he was shearing his sheep in Carmel. 25:3 Now the name of the man was Nabal; and the name of his wife Abigail: and she was a woman of good understanding, and of a beautiful countenance: but the man was churlish and evil in his doings; and he was of the house of Caleb.
It was a time of war. According to the Law of the LORD (Who was and is Jesus Christ - see Genesis 1: In The Beginning Was The Word and The Kingdom Of The LORD God), David then prepared an attack to seize whatever he needed from a self-declared enemy (see Deuteronomy 20: Articles Of War). Fortunately for Nabal, his wife Abigail was not an arrogant fool.
"25:12 So David's young men turned their way, and went again, and came and told him all those sayings. 25:13 And David said unto his men, Gird ye on every man his sword. And they girded on every man his sword; and David also girded on his sword: and there went up after David about four hundred men; and two hundred abode by the stuff.
Abigail's return found Nabal feasting - after his refusal to affordably help David's hungry men. Abigal waited until the next morning to tell Nabal how close he came to disaster - to which he became deathly ill. It wasn't merely a hangover or stress: "It came to pass about ten days after, that the LORD smote Nabal, that he died." When David heard of the widowhood of Abigail, he proposed marriage - to which Abigal accepted.
"25:36 And Abigail came to Nabal; and, behold, he held a feast in his house, like the feast of a king; and Nabal's heart was merry within him, for he was very drunken: wherefore she told him nothing, less or more, until the morning light. 25:37 But it came to pass in the morning, when the wine was gone out of Nabal, and his wife had told him these things, that his heart died within him, and he became as a stone. 25:38 And it came to pass about ten days after, that the LORD smote Nabal, that he died.
Abigail was not David's first wife; she would not be his last (see the Fact Finder question below)
"25:43 David also took Ahinoam of Jezreel; and they were also both of them his wives. 25:44 But Saul had given Michal his daughter, David's wife, to Phalti the son of Laish, which was of Gallim." (1 Samuel 25:43-44 KJV)
Fact Finder: How many women did David marry?
This Day In History, April 11
217: The accession of Macrinus, the 24th Roman emperor; he reigned 217-218 (see A History Of Jerusalem: Pompey And The Caesars).
491: Flavius Anastasius became Emperor of the Byzantine Empire (i.e. the East Roman Empire) as Anastasius I.
1544: French forces defeated the Spanish at the Battle of Ceresole.
1689: William III and Mary II were crowned as joint sovereigns of Britain.
1713: The Treaty of Utrecht was signed to end the War of The Spanish Succession.
1814: Napoleon was exiled to Elba.
1864: Archduke Maximilian of Austria accepted the throne of Mexico.
1868: Tokugawa Yoshinobu surrendered the Edo Castle to Imperial military forces, thereby ending the Tokugawa shogunate.
1908: SMS Blucher, the last armored cruiser to be put to sea by the German Imperial Navy (see also The Holy Roman Empire Of The German Nation) prior to the First World War, was launched.
1941: During the Second World War (listen to our Sermon The European World Wars), German bombers devastated Coventry, England.
1951: Police recovered the Stone of Scone (pronounced "scoon") which had been stolen from Westminster Abbey over 3 months earlier. The 484 pound stone has been part of the coronation ceremonies for British monarchs since it had been brought to London 655 years earlier. 1n 1996, British Prime Minister John Major announced that the stone would be returned to Scotland. The announcement came on the 700th anniversary of the 400 pound slab of reddish-grey sandstone being taken from the Scottish by Edward I in 1296 during the Wars of Independence.
1961: Israel began the trial of Nazi war criminal Adolf Eichman (see also Israel's Wars In The Twentieth Century).
1965: 40 tornadoes struck the U.S. Midwest, killing 272 people and injuring 5,000.
1970: Apollo 13 was launched. The aborted mission returned 6 days later after the near loss of the 3 man crew.
1979: Ugandan dictator Idi Amin was ousted.
1982: Allen Goodman, a U.S.-born Israeli soldier, went on a shooting rampage on the Temple Mount (see A History Of Jerusalem: Constantine and Muhammad, A History Of Jerusalem: Zionism and A History Of Jerusalem: War And Peace). Storming into the Al Aksa Mosque with an M-16 rifle, Goodman killed a Muslim guard and wounded other Arabs (see What Does The Bible Say About Arabs?). The incident set off a week of rioting and strikes in Jerusalem, the West Bank, and Gaza. Goodman was convicted a year later and sentenced to life plus 2 terms of 20 years. The sentence was later reduced to 24 years, of which he served less than 16 years before being released on October 16 1997.
1997: Fire severely damaged the church that housed The Shroud of Turin (see also Shroud Of Turin: A Miraculous Fake?), however firemen were able to save the idolized relic.
2006: Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad announced that Iran had enriched uranium - while denying that it was for anything more than for the production of electricity.