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Friday, April 11 2014

1 Samuel 25: The Meeting Of David And Abigail

"David sent and communed with Abigail, to take her to him to wife"

Samuel died of old age after lifelong service to the LORD (see 1 Samuel 1: Hannah's Dedication Of Samuel, 1 Samuel 3: The Calling Of Samuel, 1 Samuel 9: Saul Of Benjamin and Samuel The Seer and 1 Samuel 12: Samuel's Farewell). David attended the funeral when "all the Israelites were gathered together, and lamented him, and buried him in his house at Ramah."

Samaria

"25:1 And Samuel died; and all the Israelites were gathered together, and lamented him, and buried him in his house at Ramah.

And David arose, and went down to the wilderness of Paran." (1 Samuel 25:1 KJV)

David's royal army was growing - more powerful, and more in need of supplies to sustain them. One day, David respectfully asked a very wealthy man ("the man was very great, and he had three thousand sheep, and a thousand goats") if he would provide to David's army "whatsoever cometh to thine hand unto thy servants." Nabal not only refused, which David would have accepted, but did so in a hostile manner - which David could not.

"25:2 And there was a man in Maon, whose possessions were in Carmel; and the man was very great, and he had three thousand sheep, and a thousand goats: and he was shearing his sheep in Carmel. 25:3 Now the name of the man was Nabal; and the name of his wife Abigail: and she was a woman of good understanding, and of a beautiful countenance: but the man was churlish and evil in his doings; and he was of the house of Caleb.

25:4 And David heard in the wilderness that Nabal did shear his sheep. 25:5 And David sent out ten young men, and David said unto the young men, Get you up to Carmel, and go to Nabal, and greet him in my name: 25:6 And thus shall ye say to him that liveth in prosperity, Peace be both to thee, and peace be to thine house, and peace be unto all that thou hast.

25:7 And now I have heard that thou hast shearers: now thy shepherds which were with us, we hurt them not, neither was there ought missing unto them, all the while they were in Carmel. 25:8 Ask thy young men, and they will shew thee. Wherefore let the young men find favour in thine eyes: for we come in a good day: give, I pray thee, whatsoever cometh to thine hand unto thy servants, and to thy son David.

25:9 And when David's young men came, they spake to Nabal according to all those words in the name of David, and ceased.

25:10 And Nabal answered David's servants, and said, Who is David? and who is the son of Jesse? there be many servants now a days that break away every man from his master. 25:11 Shall I then take my bread, and my water, and my flesh that I have killed for my shearers, and give it unto men, whom I know not whence they be?" (1 Samuel 25:2-11 KJV)

It was a time of war. According to the Law of the LORD (Who was and is Jesus Christ - see Genesis 1: In The Beginning Was The Word and The Kingdom Of The LORD God), David then prepared an attack to seize whatever he needed from a self-declared enemy (see Deuteronomy 20: Articles Of War). Fortunately for Nabal, his wife Abigail was not an arrogant fool.

"25:12 So David's young men turned their way, and went again, and came and told him all those sayings. 25:13 And David said unto his men, Gird ye on every man his sword. And they girded on every man his sword; and David also girded on his sword: and there went up after David about four hundred men; and two hundred abode by the stuff.

25:14 But one of the young men told Abigail, Nabal's wife, saying, Behold, David sent messengers out of the wilderness to salute our master; and he railed on them. 25:15 But the men were very good unto us, and we were not hurt, neither missed we any thing, as long as we were conversant with them, when we were in the fields: 25:16 They were a wall unto us both by night and day, all the while we were with them keeping the sheep. 25:17 Now therefore know and consider what thou wilt do; for evil is determined against our master, and against all his household: for he is such a son of Belial, that a man cannot speak to him.

25:18 Then Abigail made haste, and took two hundred loaves, and two bottles of wine, and five sheep ready dressed, and five measures of parched corn, and an hundred clusters of raisins, and two hundred cakes of figs, and laid them on asses. 25:19 And she said unto her servants, Go on before me; behold, I come after you. But she told not her husband Nabal.

25:20 And it was so, as she rode on the ass, that she came down by the covert of the hill, and, behold, David and his men came down against her; and she met them. 25:21 Now David had said, Surely in vain have I kept all that this fellow hath in the wilderness, so that nothing was missed of all that pertained unto him: and he hath requited me evil for good. 25:22 So and more also do God unto the enemies of David, if I leave of all that pertain to him by the morning light any that pisseth against the wall.

David And Abigail 25:23 And when Abigail saw David, she hasted, and lighted off the ass, and fell before David on her face, and bowed herself to the ground, 25:24 And fell at his feet, and said, Upon me, my lord, upon me let this iniquity be: and let thine handmaid, I pray thee, speak in thine audience, and hear the words of thine handmaid. 25:25 Let not my lord, I pray thee, regard this man of Belial, even Nabal: for as his name is, so is he; Nabal is his name, and folly is with him: but I thine handmaid saw not the young men of my lord, whom thou didst send.

25:26 Now therefore, my lord, as the LORD liveth, and as thy soul liveth, seeing the LORD hath withholden thee from coming to shed blood, and from avenging thyself with thine own hand, now let thine enemies, and they that seek evil to my lord, be as Nabal. 25:27 And now this blessing which thine handmaid hath brought unto my lord, let it even be given unto the young men that follow my lord. 25:28 I pray thee, forgive the trespass of thine handmaid: for the LORD will certainly make my lord a sure house; because my lord fighteth the battles of the LORD, and evil hath not been found in thee all thy days. 25:29 Yet a man is risen to pursue thee, and to seek thy soul: but the soul of my lord shall be bound in the bundle of life with the LORD thy God; and the souls of thine enemies, them shall he sling out, as out of the middle of a sling. 25:30 And it shall come to pass, when the LORD shall have done to my lord according to all the good that he hath spoken concerning thee, and shall have appointed thee ruler over Israel; 25:31 That this shall be no grief unto thee, nor offence of heart unto my lord, either that thou hast shed blood causeless, or that my lord hath avenged himself: but when the LORD shall have dealt well with my lord, then remember thine handmaid.

25:32 And David said to Abigail, Blessed be the LORD God of Israel, which sent thee this day to meet me: 25:33 And blessed be thy advice, and blessed be thou, which hast kept me this day from coming to shed blood, and from avenging myself with mine own hand. 25:34 For in very deed, as the LORD God of Israel liveth, which hath kept me back from hurting thee, except thou hadst hasted and come to meet me, surely there had not been left unto Nabal by the morning light any that pisseth against the wall.

25:35 So David received of her hand that which she had brought him, and said unto her, Go up in peace to thine house; see, I have hearkened to thy voice, and have accepted thy person." (1 Samuel 25:12-35 KJV)

Abigail's return found Nabal feasting - after his refusal to affordably help David's hungry men. Abigal waited until the next morning to tell Nabal how close he came to disaster - to which he became deathly ill. It wasn't merely a hangover or stress: "It came to pass about ten days after, that the LORD smote Nabal, that he died." When David heard of the widowhood of Abigail, he proposed marriage - to which Abigal accepted.

"25:36 And Abigail came to Nabal; and, behold, he held a feast in his house, like the feast of a king; and Nabal's heart was merry within him, for he was very drunken: wherefore she told him nothing, less or more, until the morning light. 25:37 But it came to pass in the morning, when the wine was gone out of Nabal, and his wife had told him these things, that his heart died within him, and he became as a stone. 25:38 And it came to pass about ten days after, that the LORD smote Nabal, that he died.

25:39 And when David heard that Nabal was dead, he said, Blessed be the LORD, that hath pleaded the cause of my reproach from the hand of Nabal, and hath kept his servant from evil: for the LORD hath returned the wickedness of Nabal upon his own head.

And David sent and communed with Abigail, to take her to him to wife. 25:40 And when the servants of David were come to Abigail to Carmel, they spake unto her, saying, David sent us unto thee, to take thee to him to wife. 25:41 And she arose, and bowed herself on her face to the earth, and said, Behold, let thine handmaid be a servant to wash the feet of the servants of my lord. 25:42 And Abigail hasted, and arose, and rode upon an ass, with five damsels of hers that went after her; and she went after the messengers of David, and became his wife." (1 Samuel 25:36-42 KJV)

Abigail was not David's first wife; she would not be his last (see the Fact Finder question below)

"25:43 David also took Ahinoam of Jezreel; and they were also both of them his wives. 25:44 But Saul had given Michal his daughter, David's wife, to Phalti the son of Laish, which was of Gallim." (1 Samuel 25:43-44 KJV)

Fact Finder: How many women did David marry?
See The Wives Of King David


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This Day In History, April 11

217: The accession of Macrinus, the 24th Roman emperor; he reigned 217-218 (see A History Of Jerusalem: Pompey And The Caesars).

491: Flavius Anastasius became Emperor of the Byzantine Empire (i.e. the East Roman Empire) as Anastasius I.

The Byzantine Empire
1512: The forces of the "Holy League" (see also The Holy Roman Empire Of The German Nation) were defeated by the French at the Battle of Ravenna.

1544: French forces defeated the Spanish at the Battle of Ceresole.

The Stone Of Scoon 1689: William III and Mary II were crowned as joint sovereigns of Britain.

1713: The Treaty of Utrecht was signed to end the War of The Spanish Succession.

1814: Napoleon was exiled to Elba.

1864: Archduke Maximilian of Austria accepted the throne of Mexico.

1868: Tokugawa Yoshinobu surrendered the Edo Castle to Imperial military forces, thereby ending the Tokugawa shogunate.

1908: SMS Blucher, the last armored cruiser to be put to sea by the German Imperial Navy (see also The Holy Roman Empire Of The German Nation) prior to the First World War, was launched.

1941: During the Second World War (listen to our Sermon The European World Wars), German bombers devastated Coventry, England.

1951: Police recovered the Stone of Scone (pronounced "scoon") which had been stolen from Westminster Abbey over 3 months earlier. The 484 pound stone has been part of the coronation ceremonies for British monarchs since it had been brought to London 655 years earlier. 1n 1996, British Prime Minister John Major announced that the stone would be returned to Scotland. The announcement came on the 700th anniversary of the 400 pound slab of reddish-grey sandstone being taken from the Scottish by Edward I in 1296 during the Wars of Independence.

1961: Israel began the trial of Nazi war criminal Adolf Eichman (see also Israel's Wars In The Twentieth Century).

1965: 40 tornadoes struck the U.S. Midwest, killing 272 people and injuring 5,000.

1970: Apollo 13 was launched. The aborted mission returned 6 days later after the near loss of the 3 man crew.

1979: Ugandan dictator Idi Amin was ousted.

1982: Allen Goodman, a U.S.-born Israeli soldier, went on a shooting rampage on the Temple Mount (see A History Of Jerusalem: Constantine and Muhammad, A History Of Jerusalem: Zionism and A History Of Jerusalem: War And Peace). Storming into the Al Aksa Mosque with an M-16 rifle, Goodman killed a Muslim guard and wounded other Arabs (see What Does The Bible Say About Arabs?). The incident set off a week of rioting and strikes in Jerusalem, the West Bank, and Gaza. Goodman was convicted a year later and sentenced to life plus 2 terms of 20 years. The sentence was later reduced to 24 years, of which he served less than 16 years before being released on October 16 1997.

1997: Fire severely damaged the church that housed The Shroud of Turin (see also Shroud Of Turin: A Miraculous Fake?), however firemen were able to save the idolized relic.

2006: Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad announced that Iran had enriched uranium - while denying that it was for anything more than for the production of electricity.


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Copyright © Wayne Blank