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Tuesday, May 20 2014

1 Kings 7: Solomon's Brass

"All the work that King Solomon made for the house of the LORD"

King Solomon's palace was a grand expansion of his father King David's original palace (see A History Of Jerusalem: The City Of David). David's palace was built like a fortress, while Solomon's palace was built as a showplace.

"7:1 But Solomon was building his own house thirteen years, and he finished all his house. 7:2 He built also the house of the forest of Lebanon; the length thereof was an hundred cubits, and the breadth thereof fifty cubits, and the height thereof thirty cubits, upon four rows of cedar pillars, with cedar beams upon the pillars. 7:3 And it was covered with cedar above upon the beams, that lay on forty five pillars, fifteen in a row. 7:4 And there were windows in three rows, and light was against light in three ranks. 7:5 And all the doors and posts were square, with the windows: and light was against light in three ranks.

7:6 And he made a porch of pillars; the length thereof was fifty cubits, and the breadth thereof thirty cubits: and the porch was before them: and the other pillars and the thick beam were before them.

7:7 Then he made a porch for the throne where he might judge, even the porch of judgment: and it was covered with cedar from one side of the floor to the other. 7:8 And his house where he dwelt had another court within the porch, which was of the like work. Solomon made also an house for Pharaoh's daughter, whom he had taken to wife, like unto this porch.

7:9 All these were of costly stones, according to the measures of hewed stones, sawed with saws, within and without, even from the foundation unto the coping, and so on the outside toward the great court. 7:10 And the foundation was of costly stones, even great stones, stones of ten cubits, and stones of eight cubits. 7:11 And above were costly stones, after the measures of hewed stones, and cedars. 7:12 And the great court round about was with three rows of hewed stones, and a row of cedar beams, both for the inner court of the house of the LORD, and for the porch of the house." (1 Kings 7:1-12 KJV)

Jerusalem
"He was filled with wisdom, and understanding, and cunning to work all works in brass. And he came to king Solomon, and wrought all his work"

Brass is an alloy of copper (60-90%) and zinc (10-40%). The King James Version uses brass to translate the original Hebrew word for copper. Later translations use bronze, which is an alloy of copper and tin, or copper and certain other metals, instead of brass. They are all correct in referring to the copper content, but technically they are different metals.

An example of the difference in translation, here for Deuteronomy 8:9, using the King James Version, Revised Standard Version and the New International Version:

  • "8:9 A land wherein thou shalt eat bread without scarceness, thou shalt not lack any thing in it; a land whose stones are iron, and out of whose hills thou mayest dig brass." (KJV)

  • "8:9 A land in which you will eat bread without scarcity, in which you will lack nothing, a land whose stones are iron, and out of whose hills you can dig copper." (RSV)

  • "8:9 A land where bread will not be scarce and you will lack nothing; a land where the rocks are iron and you can dig copper out of the hills." (NIV)

In the above examples, the RSV and NIV are more accurate because copper can be dug from the earth, whereas brass is a man-made alloy.

Another example, from Numbers 21:9:

  • "21:9 And Moses made a serpent of brass, and put it upon a pole, and it came to pass, that if a serpent had bitten any man, when he beheld the serpent of brass, he lived." (KJV)

  • "21:9 So Moses made a bronze serpent, and set it on a pole; and if a serpent bit any man, he would look at the bronze serpent and live." (RSV)

  • "21:9 So Moses made a bronze snake and put it up on a pole. Then when anyone was bitten by a snake and looked at the bronze snake, he lived." (NIV)

The Temple built by Solomon fulfilled the request by David and the prophecy by the LORD that answered it (see 2 Samuel 6: The Ark Of The LORD In The City Of David and 2 Samuel 7: David's Temple Prophecy). The work was done by skilled craftsmen who were filled with the Holy Spirit - just as were those who built the original Tabernacle (see Exodus 31: The Spirit Of Creation). In the time of Solomon "was a widow's son of the tribe of Naphtali, and his father was a man of Tyre, a worker in brass: and he was filled with wisdom, and understanding, and cunning to work all works in brass. And he came to king Solomon, and wrought all his work."

The High Priest

"7:13 And king Solomon sent and fetched Hiram out of Tyre. 7:14 He was a widow's son of the tribe of Naphtali, and his father was a man of Tyre, a worker in brass: and he was filled with wisdom, and understanding, and cunning to work all works in brass. And he came to king Solomon, and wrought all his work.

7:15 For he cast two pillars of brass, of eighteen cubits high apiece: and a line of twelve cubits did compass either of them about. 7:16 And he made two chapiters of molten brass, to set upon the tops of the pillars: the height of the one chapiter was five cubits, and the height of the other chapiter was five cubits: 7:17 And nets of checker work, and wreaths of chain work, for the chapiters which were upon the top of the pillars; seven for the one chapiter, and seven for the other chapiter. 7:18 And he made the pillars, and two rows round about upon the one network, to cover the chapiters that were upon the top, with pomegranates: and so did he for the other chapiter. 7:19 And the chapiters that were upon the top of the pillars were of lily work in the porch, four cubits. 7:20 And the chapiters upon the two pillars had pomegranates also above, over against the belly which was by the network: and the pomegranates were two hundred in rows round about upon the other chapiter. 7:21 And he set up the pillars in the porch of the temple: and he set up the right pillar, and called the name thereof Jachin: and he set up the left pillar, and called the name thereof Boaz. 7:22 And upon the top of the pillars was lily work: so was the work of the pillars finished.

7:23 And he made a molten sea, ten cubits from the one brim to the other: it was round all about, and his height was five cubits: and a line of thirty cubits did compass it round about. 7:24 And under the brim of it round about there were knops compassing it, ten in a cubit, compassing the sea round about: the knops were cast in two rows, when it was cast.

7:25 It stood upon twelve oxen, three looking toward the north, and three looking toward the west, and three looking toward the south, and three looking toward the east: and the sea was set above upon them, and all their hinder parts were inward. 7:26 And it was an hand breadth thick, and the brim thereof was wrought like the brim of a cup, with flowers of lilies: it contained two thousand baths.

7:27 And he made ten bases of brass; four cubits was the length of one base, and four cubits the breadth thereof, and three cubits the height of it. 7:28 And the work of the bases was on this manner: they had borders, and the borders were between the ledges: 7:29 And on the borders that were between the ledges were lions, oxen, and cherubims: and upon the ledges there was a base above: and beneath the lions and oxen were certain additions made of thin work. 7:30 And every base had four brasen wheels, and plates of brass: and the four corners thereof had undersetters: under the laver were undersetters molten, at the side of every addition. 7:31 And the mouth of it within the chapiter and above was a cubit: but the mouth thereof was round after the work of the base, a cubit and an half: and also upon the mouth of it were gravings with their borders, foursquare, not round. 7:32 And under the borders were four wheels; and the axletrees of the wheels were joined to the base: and the height of a wheel was a cubit and half a cubit. 7:33 And the work of the wheels was like the work of a chariot wheel: their axletrees, and their naves, and their felloes, and their spokes, were all molten.

7:34 And there were four undersetters to the four corners of one base: and the undersetters were of the very base itself. 7:35 And in the top of the base was there a round compass of half a cubit high: and on the top of the base the ledges thereof and the borders thereof were of the same. 7:36 For on the plates of the ledges thereof, and on the borders thereof, he graved cherubims, lions, and palm trees, according to the proportion of every one, and additions round about. 7:37 After this manner he made the ten bases: all of them had one casting, one measure, and one size.

7:38 Then made he ten lavers of brass: one laver contained forty baths: and every laver was four cubits: and upon every one of the ten bases one laver. 7:39 And he put five bases on the right side of the house, and five on the left side of the house: and he set the sea on the right side of the house eastward over against the south. 7:40 And Hiram made the lavers, and the shovels, and the basons.

So Hiram made an end of doing all the work that he made king Solomon for the house of the LORD: 7:41 The two pillars, and the two bowls of the chapiters that were on the top of the two pillars; and the two networks, to cover the two bowls of the chapiters which were upon the top of the pillars; 7:42 And four hundred pomegranates for the two networks, even two rows of pomegranates for one network, to cover the two bowls of the chapiters that were upon the pillars; 7:43 And the ten bases, and ten lavers on the bases; 7:44 And one sea, and twelve oxen under the sea; 7:45 And the pots, and the shovels, and the basons: and all these vessels, which Hiram made to king Solomon for the house of the LORD, were of bright brass. 7:46 In the plain of Jordan did the king cast them, in the clay ground between Succoth and Zarthan. 7:47 And Solomon left all the vessels unweighed, because they were exceeding many: neither was the weight of the brass found out.

7:48 And Solomon made all the vessels that pertained unto the house of the LORD: the altar of gold, and the table of gold, whereupon the shewbread was, 7:49 And the candlesticks of pure gold, five on the right side, and five on the left, before the oracle, with the flowers, and the lamps, and the tongs of gold, 7:50 And the bowls, and the snuffers, and the basons, and the spoons, and the censers of pure gold; and the hinges of gold, both for the doors of the inner house, the most holy place, and for the doors of the house, to wit, of the temple." (1 Kings 7:13-50 KJV)

King David knew that the Temple would surely be completed by Solomon (see 2 Samuel 7: David's Temple Prophecy). The items that David had made for it were also included in the finished Temple.

"7:51 So was ended all the work that king Solomon made for the house of the LORD. And Solomon brought in the things which David his father had dedicated; even the silver, and the gold, and the vessels, did he put among the treasures of the house of the LORD." (1 Kings 7:51 KJV)

Fact Finder: What happened to all of the metal vessels that were in the Temple?
See The Temple Vessel Prophecies Today


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This Day In History, May 20

325: The First Council of Nicea was held by the Roman Empire/Church (see Constantine's Crusades In History And Prophecy).

363: The Roman emperor Julian had given Jews permission to begin construction of another Temple; he even provided funds and building materials. The day before construction was to begin, a powerful earthquake struck Jerusalem and destroyed the preparations site (it wasn't yet time for the last Temple to be rebuilt - see A History Of Jerusalem: Abomination Of Desolation and A History Of Jerusalem: Constantine and Muhammad; also The Temple Vessel Prophecies Today).

526: An earthquake killed about 300,000 people in Antioch, Syria (see Earthquake!).

1217: The Second Battle of Lincoln was fought near Lincoln, England. It resulted in the defeat of Prince Louis of France by William Marshal, 1st Earl of Pembroke.

1303: The Treaty of Paris restored Gascony to the British in the Hundred Years War.

1347: In Rome, Cola di Rienza took the title of Tribune and assumed dictatorial powers in his drive to revive the city as the capital of Italy.

John Cabot 1497: Italian explorer Zuan Chabotto (popularly known in English as John Cabot) set sail on his ship Matthew from Bristol, England looking for a route to the west. Like other Italian explorers, including Christopher Columbus, Cabot was commissioned by another country - in Cabot's case, under a commission from Henry VII of England.

1498: Portuguese explorer Vasco da Gama arrived at Calicut, India, after sailing from Europe.

1506: Christopher Columbus, Italian explorer, died in poverty at age 55. His four voyages of discovery (see the map at Thanksgiving In History and Prophecy) led to European colonization of the "new world," but at the time of his death, he still incorrectly believed that he had sailed to the coast of Asia (the reason that the native people of the continents of North and South America were erroneously called "Indians").

1536: King Henry VIII, 45, married Jane Seymour, 27.

1609: William Shakespeare's sonnets were first published, in London.

1674: John Sobieski became the first king of Poland.

1690: England passed the Act of Grace, forgiving followers of James II.

1798: Admiral Alexander Ball saved Lord Nelson's flagship from running ashore after being dismasted in a storm.

1802: Napoleon Bonaparte reinstated slavery in the French colonies, revoking its abolition during the French Revolution.

1813: The Battle of Bautzen during the Napoleonic Wars (while Britain was fighting the U.S. during the War of 1812, most of the British military was in Europe fighting Napoleon). French troops under Napoleon defeated a Russo-Prussian army in east Germany.

1874: Levi Strauss began marketing "blue jeans" with copper rivets. 120 years later, millions of them are still being sold.

1920: Montreal, Quebec radio station XWA broadcasted the first regularly-scheduled radio programming in North America.

1927: Britain signed the Treaty of Jeddah with King Ibn Saud, granting independence to Saudi Arabia (see A History Of Jerusalem: The British Mandate).

1932: Amelia Earhart took off from Newfoundland, Canada to begin the world's first solo nonstop flight across the Atlantic Ocean by a female pilot. She landed in Ireland the next day.

1939: Transatlantic airmail service began.

1941: First large-scale military paratrooper drop in history - Germans into Crete.

1956: The first hydrogen bomb to be dropped from the air was detonated by the U.S. over Bikini Atoll in the Pacific.

1980: A referendum by the people of Quebec rejected separation from Canada.

1983: The first published medical reports of the discovery of the HIV virus that causes AIDS.

1989: The Chinese government declared martial law during pro-democracy demonstrations, setting the stage for the Tiananmen Square massacre.

2002: The independence of East Timor was recognized by Portugal, formally ending 23 years of Indonesian rule and 3 years of provisional United Nations administration.



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