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Wednesday, July 9 2014

1 Chronicles 9: The Genealogy Of The Return

"So all Israel were reckoned by genealogies"

The Books that have come to be known in English as the "Chronicles" ("To record in chronological order; to make a historical record") don't strictly record history in chronological order. The reasoning for most of the explanatory inserts are clear, but not as obvious for others - as documented at the beginning of this chapter (see also The Lesson Of Man-Made Chapters). The return of the people of the Kingdom of Judah (see the Fact Finder question below), along with a few misplaced stragglers who were swept up by the other kingdom's exile ("in Jerusalem dwelt of the children of Judah, and of the children of Benjamin, and of the children of Ephraim, and Manasseh"), happened long after the reigns of Saul and David - although the information is included as we read here.

Rebulding The Walls Of Jerusalem

"9:1 So all Israel were reckoned by genealogies; and, behold, they were written in the book of the kings of Israel and Judah, who were carried away to Babylon for their transgression.

9:2 Now the first inhabitants that dwelt in their possessions in their cities were, the Israelites, the priests, Levites, and the Nethinims.

9:3 And in Jerusalem dwelt of the children of Judah, and of the children of Benjamin, and of the children of Ephraim, and Manasseh; 9:4 Uthai the son of Ammihud, the son of Omri, the son of Imri, the son of Bani, of the children of Pharez the son of Judah. 9:5 And of the Shilonites; Asaiah the firstborn, and his sons. 9:6 And of the sons of Zerah; Jeuel, and their brethren, six hundred and ninety. 9:7 And of the sons of Benjamin; Sallu the son of Meshullam, the son of Hodaviah, the son of Hasenuah, 9:8 And Ibneiah the son of Jeroham, and Elah the son of Uzzi, the son of Michri, and Meshullam the son of Shephathiah, the son of Reuel, the son of Ibnijah; 9:9 And their brethren, according to their generations, nine hundred and fifty and six. All these men were chief of the fathers in the house of their fathers.

9:10 And of the priests; Jedaiah, and Jehoiarib, and Jachin, 9:11 And Azariah the son of Hilkiah, the son of Meshullam, the son of Zadok, the son of Meraioth, the son of Ahitub, the ruler of the house of God; 9:12 And Adaiah the son of Jeroham, the son of Pashur, the son of Malchijah, and Maasiai the son of Adiel, the son of Jahzerah, the son of Meshullam, the son of Meshillemith, the son of Immer; 9:13 And their brethren, heads of the house of their fathers, a thousand and seven hundred and threescore; very able men for the work of the service of the house of God.

9:14 And of the Levites; Shemaiah the son of Hasshub, the son of Azrikam, the son of Hashabiah, of the sons of Merari; 9:15 And Bakbakkar, Heresh, and Galal, and Mattaniah the son of Micah, the son of Zichri, the son of Asaph; 9:16 And Obadiah the son of Shemaiah, the son of Galal, the son of Jeduthun, and Berechiah the son of Asa, the son of Elkanah, that dwelt in the villages of the Netophathites.

9:17 And the porters were, Shallum, and Akkub, and Talmon, and Ahiman, and their brethren: Shallum was the chief; 9:18 Who hitherto waited in the king's gate eastward: they were porters in the companies of the children of Levi. 9:19 And Shallum the son of Kore, the son of Ebiasaph, the son of Korah, and his brethren, of the house of his father, the Korahites, were over the work of the service, keepers of the gates of the tabernacle: and their fathers, being over the host of the LORD, were keepers of the entry. 9:20 And Phinehas the son of Eleazar was the ruler over them in time past, and the LORD was with him. 9:21 And Zechariah the son of Meshelemiah was porter of the door of the tabernacle of the congregation.

9:22 All these which were chosen to be porters in the gates were two hundred and twelve. These were reckoned by their genealogy in their villages, whom David and Samuel the seer did ordain in their set office. 9:23 So they and their children had the oversight of the gates of the house of the LORD, namely, the house of the tabernacle, by wards. 9:24 In four quarters were the porters, toward the east, west, north, and south. 9:25 And their brethren, which were in their villages, were to come after seven days from time to time with them. 9:26 For these Levites, the four chief porters, were in their set office, and were over the chambers and treasuries of the house of God. 9:27 And they lodged round about the house of God, because the charge was upon them, and the opening thereof every morning pertained to them.

9:28 And certain of them had the charge of the ministering vessels, that they should bring them in and out by tale. 9:29 Some of them also were appointed to oversee the vessels, and all the instruments of the sanctuary, and the fine flour, and the wine, and the oil, and the frankincense, and the spices. 9:30 And some of the sons of the priests made the ointment of the spices. 9:31 And Mattithiah, one of the Levites, who was the firstborn of Shallum the Korahite, had the set office over the things that were made in the pans. 9:32 And other of their brethren, of the sons of the Kohathites, were over the shewbread, to prepare it every sabbath.

9:33 And these are the singers, chief of the fathers of the Levites, who remaining in the chambers were free: for they were employed in that work day and night. 9:34 These chief fathers of the Levites were chief throughout their generations; these dwelt at Jerusalem." (1 Chronicles 9:1-34 KJV)

The genealogy of King Saul was then listed (see King Saul of Israel).

"9:35 And in Gibeon dwelt the father of Gibeon, Jehiel, whose wife's name was Maachah: 9:36 And his firstborn son Abdon, then Zur, and Kish, and Baal, and Ner, and Nadab, 9:37 And Gedor, and Ahio, and Zechariah, and Mikloth. 9:38 And Mikloth begat Shimeam. And they also dwelt with their brethren at Jerusalem, over against their brethren. 9:39 And Ner begat Kish; and Kish begat Saul; and Saul begat Jonathan, and Malchishua, and Abinadab, and Eshbaal. 9:40 And the son of Jonathan was Meribbaal: and Meribbaal begat Micah. 9:41 And the sons of Micah were, Pithon, and Melech, and Tahrea, and Ahaz. 9:42 And Ahaz begat Jarah; and Jarah begat Alemeth, and Azmaveth, and Zimri; and Zimri begat Moza; 9:43 And Moza begat Binea; and Rephaiah his son, Eleasah his son, Azel his son. 9:44 And Azel had six sons, whose names are these, Azrikam, Bocheru, and Ishmael, and Sheariah, and Obadiah, and Hanan: these were the sons of Azel." (1 Chronicles 9:35-44 KJV)

Fact Finder: Who were the two men given the primary responsibility of overseeing the people of the Kingdom of Judah (i.e. Judah, Benjamin and Levi) make their return to Jerusalem?
See Ezra: The Return Of The Levites To Jerusalem and Nehemiah: The Return Of The Governor


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This Day In History, July 9

118: Hadrian, Rome's new emperor, made his entry into the city (see A History Of Jerusalem: Pompey And The Caesars and A History Of Jerusalem: Hadrian and Simon bar Kokhba).

Hadrian 455: Avitus, the Roman military commander in Gaul, became Emperor of the West.

869: A magnitude 8.6 earthquake and resultant tsunami devastated the area around Sendai in the northern part of Honshu, Japan.

1228: Stephen Langton, Archbishop of Canterbury, died. It was Langton who formulated the original division of the Bible into chapters - the original Scriptures had no "chapters and verses" (see The Lesson Of Man-Made Chapters).

1386: In the Swiss-Swabian wars, Leopold III and his 6,000-strong Austrian army were defeated by a force of 1,600 Swiss pikemen at the battle of Sempach in a display of superior tactics.

1540: The marriage of Henry VIII and Anne of Cleves, his fourth wife, was annulled by an Anglican convocation (with Henry as the self-appointed head of the Church of England, his annulment request was sure to be "granted").

1686: The League of Augsburg was formed with the alliance of the Holy Roman Emperor (see The Holy Roman Empire Of The German Nation), Spain, Sweden and Saxony against the French King Louis XIV.

1790: The Swedish navy captured one third of the Russian fleet at the naval battle of Svensksund in the Baltic Sea.

1810: Holland was annexed by Napoleon after Louis Napoleon, his brother, abdicated from the throne.

1816: Argentina's independence from Spain was declared at the Congress of Tucuman.

1900: The Commonwealth of Australia was established, uniting the separate colonies under a federal government.

1944: After a month-long battle (that began with the D-Day invasion on June 6), British and Canadian forces captured most of the town of Cain in France.

1947: The engagement of Britain's Princess Elizabeth (the future Queen Elizabeth II) to Lt. Philip Mountbatten was announced.

1958: Lituya Bay, Alaska was hit by the highest tsunami in recorded history: 524 meters (over 1,700 feet) high.

1959: The uprising at Wadi Salib, a slum in the formerly Arab section of Haifa, Israel. Oriental Jews, mostly Moroccans, rioted in protest against their poor situation in Israeli society, in which they claimed that European Jews were favored.

1960: 7 year old Roger Woodward became the first person to survive an accidental fall over Niagara Falls.

1962: The "Starfish Prime" high-altitude nuclear test. A nuclear bomb was detonated 250 miles above the earth, over the Pacific Ocean. It was one of five U.S. nuclear bombings of space.

1979: Voyager 2 encountered the Jupiter system after nearly 2 years of sailing through interplanetary space.

2002: The African Union was established.


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