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Saturday, July 12 2014

1 Chronicles 12: King David's Civil War Army

"All these men of war, that could keep rank, came with a perfect heart to Hebron, to make David king over all Israel: and all the rest also of Israel were of one heart to make David king"

The civil war between the houses of King Saul (see King Saul of Israel and Saul's Impeachment) and David (see The Anointing Of David and The Parting of David and Saul) began with Saul commanding the entire forces of Israel, while David had only a few hundred ragtag volunteers. David's army steady grew however, beginning while he was at Ziklag (see David The Philistine Warrior and Where Is Palestine?).

Men Of David

"12:1 Now these are they that came to David to Ziklag, while he yet kept himself close because of Saul the son of Kish: and they were among the mighty men, helpers of the war. 12:2 They were armed with bows, and could use both the right hand and the left in hurling stones and shooting arrows out of a bow, even of Saul's brethren of Benjamin.

12:3 The chief was Ahiezer, then Joash, the sons of Shemaah the Gibeathite; and Jeziel, and Pelet, the sons of Azmaveth; and Berachah, and Jehu the Antothite, 12:4 And Ismaiah the Gibeonite, a mighty man among the thirty, and over the thirty; and Jeremiah, and Jahaziel, and Johanan, and Josabad the Gederathite, 12:5 Eluzai, and Jerimoth, and Bealiah, and Shemariah, and Shephatiah the Haruphite, 12:6 Elkanah, and Jesiah, and Azareel, and Joezer, and Jashobeam, the Korhites, 12:7 And Joelah, and Zebadiah, the sons of Jeroham of Gedor.

12:8 And of the Gadites there separated themselves unto David into the hold to the wilderness men of might, and men of war fit for the battle, that could handle shield and buckler, whose faces were like the faces of lions, and were as swift as the roes upon the mountains; 12:9 Ezer the first, Obadiah the second, Eliab the third, 12:10 Mishmannah the fourth, Jeremiah the fifth, 12:11 Attai the sixth, Eliel the seventh, 12:12 Johanan the eighth, Elzabad the ninth, 12:13 Jeremiah the tenth, Machbanai the eleventh.

12:14 These were of the sons of Gad, captains of the host: one of the least was over an hundred, and the greatest over a thousand. 12:15 These are they that went over Jordan in the first month, when it had overflown all his banks; and they put to flight all them of the valleys, both toward the east, and toward the west. 12:16 And there came of the children of Benjamin and Judah to the hold unto David. 12:17 And David went out to meet them, and answered and said unto them, If ye be come peaceably unto me to help me, mine heart shall be knit unto you: but if ye be come to betray me to mine enemies, seeing there is no wrong in mine hands, the God of our fathers look thereon, and rebuke it.

12:18 Then the spirit came upon Amasai, who was chief of the captains, and he said, Thine are we, David, and on thy side, thou son of Jesse: peace, peace be unto thee, and peace be to thine helpers; for thy God helpeth thee. Then David received them, and made them captains of the band. 12:19 And there fell some of Manasseh to David, when he came with the Philistines against Saul to battle: but they helped them not: for the lords of the Philistines upon advisement sent him away, saying, He will fall to his master Saul to the jeopardy of our heads. 12:20 As he went to Ziklag, there fell to him of Manasseh, Adnah, and Jozabad, and Jediael, and Michael, and Jozabad, and Elihu, and Zilthai, captains of the thousands that were of Manasseh. 12:21 And they helped David against the band of the rovers: for they were all mighty men of valour, and were captains in the host. 12:22 For at that time day by day there came to David to help him, until it was a great host, like the host of God." (1 Chronicles 12:1-22 KJV)

The conflict ended with David commanding an army of over 300,000 troops, from all of the tribes of Israel, who had joined with him at Hebron (see King David Of Judah and How Long Was Jerusalem The Capital Of Israel?).

"12:23 And these are the numbers of the bands that were ready armed to the war, and came to David to Hebron, to turn the kingdom of Saul to him, according to the word of the LORD.

12:24 The children of Judah that bare shield and spear were six thousand and eight hundred, ready armed to the war. 12:25 Of the children of Simeon, mighty men of valour for the war, seven thousand and one hundred. 12:26 Of the children of Levi four thousand and six hundred. 12:27 And Jehoiada was the leader of the Aaronites, and with him were three thousand and seven hundred; 12:28 And Zadok, a young man mighty of valour, and of his father's house twenty and two captains. 12:29 And of the children of Benjamin, the kindred of Saul, three thousand: for hitherto the greatest part of them had kept the ward of the house of Saul. 12:30 And of the children of Ephraim twenty thousand and eight hundred, mighty men of valour, famous throughout the house of their fathers. 12:31 And of the half tribe of Manasseh eighteen thousand, which were expressed by name, to come and make David king. 12:32 And of the children of Issachar, which were men that had understanding of the times, to know what Israel ought to do; the heads of them were two hundred; and all their brethren were at their commandment. 12:33 Of Zebulun, such as went forth to battle, expert in war, with all instruments of war, fifty thousand, which could keep rank: they were not of double heart. 12:34 And of Naphtali a thousand captains, and with them with shield and spear thirty and seven thousand. 12:35 And of the Danites expert in war twenty and eight thousand and six hundred. 12:36 And of Asher, such as went forth to battle, expert in war, forty thousand. 12:37 And on the other side of Jordan, of the Reubenites, and the Gadites, and of the half tribe of Manasseh, with all manner of instruments of war for the battle, an hundred and twenty thousand.

12:38 All these men of war, that could keep rank, came with a perfect heart to Hebron, to make David king over all Israel: and all the rest also of Israel were of one heart to make David king. 12:39 And there they were with David three days, eating and drinking: for their brethren had prepared for them. 12:40 Moreover they that were nigh them, even unto Issachar and Zebulun and Naphtali, brought bread on asses, and on camels, and on mules, and on oxen, and meat, meal, cakes of figs, and bunches of raisins, and wine, and oil, and oxen, and sheep abundantly: for there was joy in Israel." (1 Chronicles 12:23-40 KJV)

Fact Finder: How did the LORD (Who was and is Jesus Christ - see Genesis 1: In The Beginning Was The Word and The Kingdom Of The LORD God) teach the Israelites to make war?
See Articles Of War


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This Day In History, July 12

100 BC: Julius Caesar (see A History Of Jerusalem: Pompey And The Caesars) was born (historians differ over whether the date was July 12 or 13).

Julius Caesar 927: England was unified by Athelstan.

1191: The armies of the Third Crusade (1189-92), led by England's King Richard ("The Lionhearted"), captured the Syrian seaport of Acre (see Constantine's Crusades In History And Prophecy).

1290: Jews were expelled from England by order of King Edward I.

1543: England's King Henry VIII married Catherine Parr, his sixth, and last, wife.

1580: The Ostrog Bible, one of the earliest Bibles in a Slavic language, was published (see also The Word Of God In The Tongues Of Man).

1609: Henry Hudson first saw the North American continent.

1690: The Battle of Boyne, the most important date on the Northern Ireland Unionist calendar; on that date, William of Orange vanquished his Catholic rival, King James II, in a victory that established England's Protestant ascendancy. It is celebrated in Northern Ireland by "Orangemen" and resented by Catholics to this day.

1691: William III defeated the allied Irish and French armies at the Battle of Aughrim, Ireland.

1704: In areas occupied by Sweden, the gentry deposed Augustus, elector of Saxony, as king of Poland and elected Stanislaw Leszczynski, the chief official of Poznan, king of Poland.

1794: British Admiral Lord Nelson lost his right eye at the siege of Calvi, in Corsica.

1806: The Confederation of the Rhine was established in Germany.

1812: During the War of 1812 (1812-1814), the U.S. invaded Canada at Windsor, Ontario.

1918: The Japanese battleship Kawachi blew up at Shunan, Japan; over 600 of its crew were killed.

1941: Moscow was bombed by the German Luftwaffe for the first time.

1944: Winston Churchill made the decision to allow Jews to form a military unit to fight the Nazis; 2 months later, the Jewish Brigade, 25,000 strong, was formed. Without Churchill, the Jews would never have got it, and the experience of working together at the brigade level was critical to the Jewish military success 4 years later - in the establishment of the modern state of Israel (see A History Of Jerusalem: The British Mandate, A History Of Jerusalem: Zionism and A History Of Jerusalem: War And Peace).

1974: President Richard Nixon's aides G. Gordon Liddy, John Ehrlichman and two others were convicted of conspiracy and perjury in connection with the Watergate crimes.

1994: Germany's Constitutional Court lifted the ban on use of German troops for combat missions outside of the country.





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