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Saturday, August 9 2014
2 Chronicles 11: Rehoboam's House of Judah and Benjamin
"Thus saith the LORD, Ye shall not go up, nor fight against your brethren: return every man to his house: for this thing is done of Me"
The LORD (Who was and is Jesus Christ - see Genesis 1: In The Beginning Was The Word and The Kingdom Of The LORD God) caused the division of the united kingdom of Israel during the time of King Rehoboam, the son of King Solomon (see Rehoboam's Scorpions). The split was accomplished exactly as the LORD declared that it would - with ten tribes going off on their own. The prophecy was also delivered to Jeroboam - who would be the first king of the ten tribes that composed the separate kingdom of Israel (see The First Kings Of Israel and Judah).
"11:31 And he said to Jeroboam, Take thee ten pieces: for thus saith the LORD, the God of Israel, Behold, I will rend the kingdom out of the hand of Solomon, and will give ten tribes to thee:" (1 Kings 11:31 KJV)
So it was then that King Rehoboam was left with his home tribe of Judah, as well as the tribe of Benjamin whose tribal territory included the northern part of Jerusalem (Judah and Benjamin had a very strong geographical incentive to remain together; see Judah's Homeland and The Land Of Benjamin). When Rehoboam began to go to war to force the separated tribes back, the LORD stopped him with the command "Thus saith the LORD, Ye shall not go up, nor fight against your brethren: return every man to his house: for this thing is done of me."
"11:1 And when Rehoboam was come to Jerusalem, he gathered of the house of Judah and Benjamin an hundred and fourscore thousand chosen men, which were warriors, to fight against Israel, that he might bring the kingdom again to Rehoboam.
The Levites had been distributed throughout all of the tribes of Israel (see Cities and Suburbs Of The Levite Clans and The Inheritance Of The Levites), but after the division they all eventually dwelt in the Kingdom of Judah because "For the Levites left their suburbs and their possession, and came to Judah and Jerusalem: for Jeroboam and his sons had cast them off from executing the priest's office unto the LORD" (see No Levites In The Lost Ten Tribes?).
"11:5 And Rehoboam dwelt in Jerusalem, and built cities for defence in Judah. 11:6 He built even Bethlehem, and Etam, and Tekoa, 11:7 And Bethzur, and Shoco, and Adullam, 11:8 And Gath, and Mareshah, and Ziph, 11:9 And Adoraim, and Lachish, and Azekah, 11:10 And Zorah, and Aijalon, and Hebron, which are in Judah and in Benjamin fenced cities. 11:11 And he fortified the strong holds, and put captains in them, and store of victual, and of oil and wine. 11:12 And in every several city he put shields and spears, and made them exceeding strong, having Judah and Benjamin on his side.
"11:18 And Rehoboam took him Mahalath the daughter of Jerimoth the son of David to wife, and Abihail the daughter of Eliab the son of Jesse; 11:19 Which bare him children; Jeush, and Shamariah, and Zaham. 11:20 And after her he took Maachah the daughter of Absalom; which bare him Abijah, and Attai, and Ziza, and Shelomith. 11:21 And Rehoboam loved Maachah the daughter of Absalom above all his wives and his concubines: (for he took eighteen wives, and threescore concubines; and begat twenty and eight sons, and threescore daughters.)
Fact Finder: (a) What happened to the northern ten tribes of the Kingdom of Israel in 721 BC? (b) What happened to the Kingdom of Judah in 586 BC?
This Day In History, August 9
480 BC: The Persian army defeated Leonidas and his Spartan army at the Battle of Thermopylae in Persia (Persia is known today as Iran; see Israel In History and Prophecy: Babylon and Persia).
48 BC: The Battle of Pharsalus. Julius Caesar defeated Gnaius Pompey (see A History Of Jerusalem: Pompey And The Caesars).
378: The Battle of Adrianople in Turkey. The defeat of a Roman army commanded by the Emperor Valens (who was killed on the battlefield) at the hands of the Germanic Visigoths led by Fritigern and augmented by Ostrogothic and other forces. It was a major victory of "barbarian" horsemen over Roman infantry and artillery, and marked the beginning of Germanic inroads into Roman territory (Germany later became the Roman Empire; see The Holy Roman Empire Of The German Nation).
681: Bulgaria was founded as a Khanate (a Turco-Mongol word used for a political area ruled by a Khan) on the Danube.
1173: The construction of the campanile of the cathedral of Pisa (now known as "the Leaning Tower of Pisa") began.
1483: Pope Sixtus IV held the first Church of Rome mass in the Vatican's Sistine Chapel - that was named after that pope, Sixtus.
1549: England declared war on France.
1584: The construction of Spain's El Escorial was completed after 21 years, by Philip II (a Hapsburg).
1653: Maarten Harpertszoon Tromp was killed following the battle of Terheijde with the English fleet off the Dutch coast. He was the Dutch commander at the defeat of a superior Spanish fleet at the Battle of the Downs in 1639.
1810: Napoleon Bonaparte annexed (to seize by conquest and dictatorial rule) Westphalia into the First French Empire.
1830: Louis-Philippe formally accepted the crown of France after the abdication of Charles X on August 2.
1842: The Webster-Ashburton Treaty established the present-day border between Canada and the U.S. Just 30 years before, U.S. President James Madison started the War of 1812 (fought 1812-1814) with the primary stated goal of annexing ("take by conquest; as of territory") Canada to the U.S. It was the last invasion of Canada by any aggressor nation.
1902: Edward VII of England was crowned after death of his mother Queen Victoria.
1942: After the passing of a "Quit India" campaign by the All-India Congress, Mahatma Gandhi and 50 others were arrested in Bombay.
1945: The Nagasaki atomic bombing. Over 75,000 men, women and children were indiscriminately incinerated to death, while many more were horribly burned and/or poisoned by the radiation. It was the second U.S. use of an atomic "weapon of mass destruction," a plutonium device (the first U.S. atomic bomb, used at Hiroshima a few days earlier, was a uranium device).
1969: Actress Sharon Tate (wife of film director Roman Polanski), coffee heiress Abigail Folger and three others were found murdered in their home in Beverly Hills, California. The Charles Manson cult/gang was later convicted for the murders.
1974: Gerald Ford was sworn in as president of the U.S. He replaced Richard Nixon who resigned in disgrace to avoid criminal prosecution and imprisonment for the Watergate burglary and obstruction of justice cover-up (Ford later pardoned Nixon so that Nixon wouldn't become a felon as had numerous members of the Nixon regime, including Vice President Spiro Agnew for tax evasion and Attorney General John Mitchell for obstruction of justice).
1993: The Liberal Democratic Party of Japan lost a 38-year hold on national leadership.