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Sunday, August 10 2014
2 Chronicles 12: The Hand of Shishak
"Thus saith the LORD, Ye have forsaken Me, and therefore have I also left you in the hand of Shishak"
Shishak was the king of Egypt ("Pharaoh" originally referred only to the palace of the Egyptian kings, but later came to be used as the title for the king himself; see also The Israelites Of The Pharaoh's Palace) at the time of the division of the united kingdom of Israel into the independent kingdoms "Israel" and "Judah" (see Israel In History and Prophecy: Israel and Judah). Shishak made himself partial to Israel and against Judah very early; he gave political asylum to Jeroboam, who became the first king of Israel (see The First Kings Of Israel and Judah), as the LORD (Who was and is Jesus Christ - see Genesis 1: In The Beginning Was The Word and The Kingdom Of The LORD God) had just declared the division was going to happen.
"11:30 And Ahijah caught the new garment that was on him, and rent it in twelve pieces: 11:31 And he said to Jeroboam, Take thee ten pieces: for thus saith the LORD, the God of Israel, Behold, I will rend the kingdom out of the hand of Solomon, and will give ten tribes to thee: 11:32 (But he shall have one tribe for my servant David's sake, and for Jerusalem's sake, the city which I have chosen out of all the tribes of Israel:) 11:33 Because that they have forsaken me, and have worshipped Ashtoreth the goddess of the Zidonians, Chemosh the god of the Moabites, and Milcom the god of the children of Ammon, and have not walked in my ways, to do that which is right in mine eyes, and to keep my statutes and my judgments, as did David his father.
Shishak's animosity toward Judah (which was likely based upon a resentment toward the empire of David and Solomon that ruled from Jerusalem; see King David's Empire) became direct military action in the time of Rehoboam. The LORD permitted it because Rehoboam had "forsook the law of the LORD." The LORD then withdrew His protection and declared "Ye have forsaken me, and therefore have I also left you in the hand of Shishak."
" 12:1 And it came to pass, when Rehoboam had established the kingdom, and had strengthened himself, he forsook the law of the LORD, and all Israel with him. 12:2 And it came to pass, that in the fifth year of king Rehoboam Shishak king of Egypt came up against Jerusalem, because they had transgressed against the LORD, 12:3 With twelve hundred chariots, and threescore thousand horsemen: and the people were without number that came with him out of Egypt; the Lubims, the Sukkiims, and the Ethiopians. 12:4 And he took the fenced cities which pertained to Judah, and came to Jerusalem.
When Rehoboam repented of his foolish arrogance, the LORD prevented their total destruction "by the hand of Shishak."
" 12:6 Whereupon the princes of Israel and the king humbled themselves; and they said, The LORD is righteous.
Shishak nevertheless was allowed to leave lesson for Judah - which would later be repeated by the Babylonians (see What Happened To All Of That Gold?).
" 12:9 So Shishak king of Egypt came up against Jerusalem, and took away the treasures of the house of the LORD, and the treasures of the king's house; he took all: he carried away also the shields of gold which Solomon had made. 12:10 Instead of which king Rehoboam made shields of brass, and committed them to the hands of the chief of the guard, that kept the entrance of the king's house. 12:11 And when the king entered into the house of the LORD, the guard came and fetched them, and brought them again into the guard chamber." (2 Chronicles 12:9-11 KJV)
Rehoboam's reign was unique in that he was the last king of the united kingdom of Israel and the first king of one of the divided kingdoms (see the Fact Finder question below).
" 12:12 And when he humbled himself, the wrath of the LORD turned from him, that he would not destroy him altogether: and also in Judah things went well.
Fact Finder: When did Jerusalem become an Israelite city? When did Jerusalem become the capital of the Kingdom of Judah?
This Day In History, August 10
410: Alaric the Visigoth captured Rome.
757: Aethelbald, king of the Mercians from 716, died. He became a chief king of a confederation including all of the Anglo-Saxon (Saxony is in Germany; the Anglos were a tribe of the Saxons) kingdoms between the Humber River and the English Channel. By 736, he was signing himself as the "king of Britain."
955: King Otto I of Germany, the "Holy Roman Emperor" (see The Holy Roman Empire Of The German Nation), defeated the Magyars at the Battle of Lechfeld, ending a half-century Magyar invasions of central Europe.
1519: Ferdinand Magellan's 5 ships set sail to circumnavigate the Earth.
1557: The French army lost more than 14,000 men when they tried to block a Spanish army under Count Egmont at the Battle of Saint Quentin in the Spanish-French Wars. The Spaniards lost just 50.
1582: Russia ended its 25-year war with Poland.
1627: France's Cardinal Richelieu began the siege of the Huguenot fortress at La Rochelle with royal troops.
1675: The foundation stone of the Royal Observatory was laid at Greenwich in south London by order of King Charles II to improve knowledge of the positions of stars and thus aid navigation. John Flamsteed became the first Astronomer Royal.
1792: King Louis XVI of France was arrested after a mob stormed the Tuileries in Paris.
1804: Francis II became emperor of Austria-Hungary.
1846: The Smithsonian Institution was established in Washington as a center for scientific research. It was created from funds at the bequest of British scientist James Smithson.
1876: Alexander Graham Bell made the world's first "long distance" telephone call, from Brantford to Paris, Ontario, Canada, a distance of 8 miles. Bell spoke with his father, Melville, and the conversation lasted 3 hours (Daily Bible Study is written about 10 miles from the Bell Homestead in Brantford, which is now a museum).
1911: The House of Lords in Great Britain gave up its veto power, making the House of Commons the more powerful House.
1913: The Treaty of Bucharest ended the Second Balkan War.
1920: The Treaty of Sevres was signed between Turkey and the Allied powers after the First World War, relieving Turkey of much of the land ruled by the Ottoman Empire (listen to our sermons The Ottoman Empire and The European World Wars).
1954: A ground-breaking ceremony was held at Cornwall, Ontario and Massena, New York, officially starting the St. Lawrence Seaway project. Construction of the 3,790 km. waterway took 5 years and opened Canadian and U.S. ports on the Great Lakes to ocean traffic.
1961: The first use of the extremely toxic and carcinogenic defoliant "Agent Orange" (manufactured primarily by Monsanto Corporation and Dow Chemical) by the U.S. military during the Vietnam War. By the end of the war, during which 20 million gallons of the chemical was sprayed across the country, it resulted in approximately 400,000 Vietnamese civilian deaths (apart from the thousands of U.S. troops and air crews who inadvertently poisoned themselves and their fellow troops on the ground with it) and 500,000 Vietnamese children born with severe birth defects.
1964: Pope Paul VI issued his first encyclical, Ecclesiam Suam, which stated his willingness to "mediate" in international disputes.
1966: A daylight meteor was seen from the northern U.S. to Canada. It was the only documented case of a meteor entering the Earth's atmosphere and leaving it again.
1977: In Yonkers, New York, David Berkowitz, a 24-year-old postal employee, was arrested for the "Son of Sam" killings in the New York City.
1993: A magnitude 7.0 earthquake struck the South Island of New Zealand.
2003: A temperature of 38.5 Celsius (101.3 Fahrenheit) became the highest ever recorded in the United Kingdom - the first time over 38 C. / 100 F.
2003: Russian cosmonaut Yuri Malenchenko became the first person to marry in space. His wife was on earth, 240 miles below.