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Tuesday, September 16 2014

Nehemiah 3: Why Was It Desolate For Seventy Years?

"To fulfil the word of the LORD by the mouth of Jeremiah, until the land had enjoyed her Sabbaths: for as long as she lay desolate she kept Sabbath, to fulfil threescore and ten years"

The restoration of the Kingdom of Judah (the tribes of Judah, Benjamin and Levi; see Israel In History and Prophecy: Kingdom Of Judah) was accomplished by means of a return of people who had never been there before - it was their ancestors who had been taken away to Babylon seventy years before (see Why Did Judah Fall To Babylon?). During the time that the Kingdom of Judah was away, the land and the city had its Sabbath of rest from the corruption of the liberal generation that had squandered all that the LORD (Who was and is Jesus Christ - see Genesis 1: In The Beginning Was The Word and The Kingdom Of The LORD God) had provided to them.

"36:20 And them that had escaped from the sword carried he away to Babylon; where they were servants to him and his sons until the reign of the kingdom of Persia: 36:21 To fulfil the word of the LORD by the mouth of Jeremiah, until the land had enjoyed her sabbaths: for as long as she lay desolate she kept sabbath, to fulfil threescore and ten years." (2 Chronicles 36:20-21 KJV)

The Mercy / Golden Gate The photograph shows the Mercy Gate, or Golden Gate, as it appears in modern times. The gate is now sealed, as it has been since the Muslims under Ottoman Sultan Suleiman I blocked it in 1541 with the specific intent to prevent the "Jewish" Messiah's entrance (they also built a cemetery in front of it). They, like most of the people of Judah, believe that the prophesied Messiah will be a mere human who cannot pass through stone. That's a correct assumption, to a point, but the Messiah has already passed through it back when it was open (including His "triumphal entry" at Passover). When the Messiah returns, nothing physical will be able to prevent Him from entering Zion - from which all the world will learn how to truly worship and obey God, so that they too can enter (see What Happens After The Messiah Returns?).

It was in the time of Nehemiah (see Nehemiah's Prayer From Shushan and The Arrival Of Nehemiah's Cavalry) that the gates of Jerusalem were rebuilt so that they could begin working again after their "Sabbath, to fulfil threescore and ten years." The work was done as a whole with teams of workers constructing given gates and sections.

The Sheep Gate, also known as Stephen's Gate, or the Lions Gate, is located on the east wall, north of the Temple Mount.

"3:1 Then Eliashib the high priest rose up with his brethren the priests, and they builded the sheep gate; they sanctified it, and set up the doors of it; even unto the tower of Meah they sanctified it, unto the tower of Hananeel. 3:2 And next unto him builded the men of Jericho. And next to them builded Zaccur the son of Imri." (Nehemiah 3:1-2 KJV)

The Fish Gate was an ancient gate on the east wall, just west of the Gihon spring, where men gathered to sell fish.

"3:3 But the fish gate did the sons of Hassenaah build, who also laid the beams thereof, and set up the doors thereof, the locks thereof, and the bars thereof. 3:4 And next unto them repaired Meremoth the son of Urijah, the son of Koz. And next unto them repaired Meshullam the son of Berechiah, the son of Meshezabeel. And next unto them repaired Zadok the son of Baana. 3:5 And next unto them the Tekoites repaired; but their nobles put not their necks to the work of their Lord." (Nehemiah 3:3-5 KJV)

The Old Gate, or Jeshanah Gate, was located at the northwest corner of the city during the time of Nehemiah.

"3:6 Moreover the old gate repaired Jehoiada the son of Paseah, and Meshullam the son of Besodeiah; they laid the beams thereof, and set up the doors thereof, and the locks thereof, and the bars thereof. 3:7 And next unto them repaired Melatiah the Gibeonite, and Jadon the Meronothite, the men of Gibeon, and of Mizpah, unto the throne of the governor on this side the river. 3:8 Next unto him repaired Uzziel the son of Harhaiah, of the goldsmiths. Next unto him also repaired Hananiah the son of one of the apothecaries, and they fortified Jerusalem unto the broad wall. 3:9 And next unto them repaired Rephaiah the son of Hur, the ruler of the half part of Jerusalem. 3:10 And next unto them repaired Jedaiah the son of Harumaph, even over against his house. And next unto him repaired Hattush the son of Hashabniah. 3:11 Malchijah the son of Harim, and Hashub the son of Pahathmoab, repaired the other piece, and the tower of the furnaces. 3:12 And next unto him repaired Shallum the son of Halohesh, the ruler of the half part of Jerusalem, he and his daughters." (Nehemiah 3:6-12 KJV)

The Valley Gate, overlooked the Kidron Valley (see Crossing The Kidron).

The Kidron Valley

"3:13 The valley gate repaired Hanun, and the inhabitants of Zanoah; they built it, and set up the doors thereof, the locks thereof, and the bars thereof, and a thousand cubits on the wall unto the dung gate." (Nehemiah 3:13 KJV)

The Dung Gate was located at the southwest corner of the wall, and used for the disposal of garbage and manure. It led out to the Valley Of Hinnom.

"3:14 But the dung gate repaired Malchiah the son of Rechab, the ruler of part of Bethhaccerem; he built it, and set up the doors thereof, the locks thereof, and the bars thereof." (Nehemiah 3:14 KJV)

The Fountain Gate was located at the southeast corner of the wall. So it was that all of the gates were restored (see also The Levites Of Christ).

"3:15 But the gate of the fountain repaired Shallun the son of Colhozeh, the ruler of part of Mizpah; he built it, and covered it, and set up the doors thereof, the locks thereof, and the bars thereof, and the wall of the pool of Siloah by the king's garden, and unto the stairs that go down from the city of David. 3:16 After him repaired Nehemiah the son of Azbuk, the ruler of the half part of Bethzur, unto the place over against the sepulchres of David, and to the pool that was made, and unto the house of the mighty.

3:17 After him repaired the Levites, Rehum the son of Bani. Next unto him repaired Hashabiah, the ruler of the half part of Keilah, in his part. 3:18 After him repaired their brethren, Bavai the son of Henadad, the ruler of the half part of Keilah. 3:19 And next to him repaired Ezer the son of Jeshua, the ruler of Mizpah, another piece over against the going up to the armoury at the turning of the wall. 3:20 After him Baruch the son of Zabbai earnestly repaired the other piece, from the turning of the wall unto the door of the house of Eliashib the high priest. 3:21 After him repaired Meremoth the son of Urijah the son of Koz another piece, from the door of the house of Eliashib even to the end of the house of Eliashib.

3:22 And after him repaired the priests, the men of the plain. 3:23 After him repaired Benjamin and Hashub over against their house. After him repaired Azariah the son of Maaseiah the son of Ananiah by his house. 3:24 After him repaired Binnui the son of Henadad another piece, from the house of Azariah unto the turning of the wall, even unto the corner. 3:25 Palal the son of Uzai, over against the turning of the wall, and the tower which lieth out from the king's high house, that was by the court of the prison. After him Pedaiah the son of Parosh. 3:26 Moreover the Nethinims dwelt in Ophel, unto the place over against the water gate toward the east, and the tower that lieth out. 3:27 After them the Tekoites repaired another piece, over against the great tower that lieth out, even unto the wall of Ophel. 3:28 From above the horse gate repaired the priests, every one over against his house. 3:29 After them repaired Zadok the son of Immer over against his house. After him repaired also Shemaiah the son of Shechaniah, the keeper of the east gate. 3:30 After him repaired Hananiah the son of Shelemiah, and Hanun the sixth son of Zalaph, another piece. After him repaired Meshullam the son of Berechiah over against his chamber. 3:31 After him repaired Malchiah the goldsmith's son unto the place of the Nethinims, and of the merchants, over against the gate Miphkad, and to the going up of the corner. 3:32 And between the going up of the corner unto the sheep gate repaired the goldsmiths and the merchants." (Nehemiah 3:15-32 KJV)

Fact Finder: What did the Messiah teach about "gates"?
See The Messiah's Teachings About Gates


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This Day In History, September 16

307: Western Roman Emperor Severus II was captured and imprisoned at Tres Tabernae. He was later executed (see also A History Of Jerusalem: Pompey And The Caesars and Whatever Happened To Those Romans?).

1620: The Mayflower set sail from Plymouth, England, bound for the New World. On board the 15-year old cargo ship were 48 crew members and 101 colonists, including 35 Separatists from Leiden, Holland, known afterward as the Pilgrims. During the three-month voyage, two passengers died and two babies were born (see also The Pilgrims and Thanksgiving In History and Prophecy).

The Mayflower 1673: Holy Roman Emperor Leopold I declared war against France (see The Holy Roman Empire).

1701: James Francis Edward Stuart became the Jacobite claimant to the thrones of England and Scotland.

1736: German physicist Gabriel Fahrenheit died at age 50. The Fahrenheit temperature scale is named after him.

1747: The French captured Bergen-op-Zoom, consolidating their occupation of Austrian Flanders in the Netherlands.

1810: A rebellion against Spanish rule broke out in Mexico when the priest Hidalgo y Costilla issued the grito de Dolores.

1812: The Great Fire of Moscow began. It destroyed 75% of the Russian city over the next 3 days.

1882: The Great September Comet of 1882 was so bright that it could easily be seen in the daytime sky.

1893: Albert Szent-Gyorgyi was born in Hungary. The Nobel Prize winning biochemist was the first to isolate vitamin C.

1920: A terrorist bomb exploded in the Wall Street district of New York City, killing at least 25 people.

1934: An anti-Nazi protest was held in Munich. Not all Germans believed Adolf Hitler's "patriotic" myths and excuses for doing Satanic evil (see Presidential Quotes On War, Terrorism, Religion).

1945: At the end of the Second World War, Britain took Hong Kong from the Japanese. Britain surrendered political control of the wealthy island to the Chinese in 1997.

1947: Typhoon Kathleen killed over 1,900 people in Japan.

1955: A Soviet submarine became the first submarine to launch a ballistic missile.

1955: Argentine President Juan Peron was ousted by a military coup.

1959: The first operational photocopier, the Xerox 914, was introduced.

1975: Papua New Guinea became independent from Australia.

1978: A magnitude 7.9 earthquake killed 25,000 people in Iran.

1982: Lebanese Phalangist militiamen entered the Palestinian refugee camps at Saba and Shatila and slaughtered over 2,000 men, women and children. The Israeli military had unwittingly allowed the murderers into the camps.

1991: Despite worldwide protests that it violated established diplomatic and prisoner of war laws of civilized nations, prosecution under U.S. domestic law of captured Panamanian President Manuel Noriega began in a U.S. civilian court.

1997: Typhoon Oliwa hit southwestern Japan, killing 6 people and forcing 80,000 from their homes.

2007: Mercenaries working for the "security" company Blackwater Worldwide shot and killed 17 unarmed Iraqis in Nisour Square, Baghdad. All murder charges against them were shortly afterward dismissed by the "free" puppet regime installed after the invasion.



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