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Tuesday, October 7 2014
Esther 9: What Does Purim Mean?
"Haman ... had devised against the Jews to destroy them, and had cast Pur, that is, the lot, to consume them, and to destroy them ... should return upon his own head ... Wherefore they called these days Purim after the name of Pur"
Persia (known since the 1920s as Iran) is one of the most ancient nations (see also The First Nations Of The New World). It also became one of the great empires of Bible history and prophecy (see Israel In History and Prophecy: Babylon and Persia).
When the Babylonian Empire, that had taken the people of the Kingdom of Judah into exile in 586 BC (see Why Did Judah Fall To Babylon?), itself fell to the Persian Empire (see The Prophet Daniel: The Hand Writing On The Wall), the exiled people of Judah became subject to the Persians, rather than the Babylonians (the reason that the prophet Daniel experienced both Babylonian and Persian kings i.e. see The Prophet Daniel: A Child Of The Exile and The Prophet Daniel: The Den Of Lions).
It was a Persian king, Cyrus, that the LORD (Who was and is Jesus Christ - see Genesis 1: In The Beginning Was The Word and The Kingdom Of The LORD God) chose (Cyrus is identified, by name, in prophecy before he was even born; see The Prophecies Of Cyrus of Persia) to bring about the return of the people of Judah to Jerusalem after their prescribed seventy-year exile.
Not all of the people of Judah made the journey back to the land of Israel after the seventy-years exile (see Ezra 2: The Census Of The Return To Jerusalem and Nehemiah 9: Israel's Journeys Along The Fertile Crescent). Many, such as Esther, were not among those chosen to return (the tomb of Esther and Mordecai in Hamadan, Iran remains as one of the most significant places known to Jews today). In Esther's case, it was for a greater purpose - to prevent the genocide of all of the people of Judah in the Persia Empire - including those who had returned to Jerusalem (see Haman's Chess Board Plot, Mordecai's Sackcloth and Ashes and Mordecai In The Persian History Books).
"9:1 Now in the twelfth month, that is, the month Adar, on the thirteenth day of the same, when the king's commandment and his decree drew near to be put in execution, in the day that the enemies of the Jews hoped to have power over them, (though it was turned to the contrary, that the Jews had rule over them that hated them;) 9:2 The Jews gathered themselves together in their cities throughout all the provinces of the king Ahasuerus, to lay hand on such as sought their hurt: and no man could withstand them; for the fear of them fell upon all people. 9:3 And all the rulers of the provinces, and the lieutenants, and the deputies, and officers of the king, helped the Jews; because the fear of Mordecai fell upon them. 9:4 For Mordecai was great in the king's house, and his fame went out throughout all the provinces: for this man Mordecai waxed greater and greater.
The Jews then claimed the natural right, of all people, to defend one's life and property from Satanic attack - even when some government "leaders" make their being murdered "legal" (see Your Right Of Self Defense and Law-Abiding Criminals).
"9:11 On that day the number of those that were slain in Shushan the palace was brought before the king. 9:12 And the king said unto Esther the queen, The Jews have slain and destroyed five hundred men in Shushan the palace, and the ten sons of Haman; what have they done in the rest of the king's provinces? now what is thy petition? and it shall be granted thee: or what is thy request further? and it shall be done.
"Pur" and "Purim" are the singular and plural translations of the Hebrew words (in this case, "Pur" and "Purim" are derived from Persian) pronounced poor and poo-reem. They mean lot and lots. The word is first recorded when Haman "cast Pur, that is, the lot" to determine when would be the best time to carry out his genocide against the Jews. The term took on a different meaning "Because Haman the son of Hammedatha, the Agagite, the enemy of all the Jews, had devised against the Jews to destroy them, and had cast Pur, that is, the lot, to consume them, and to destroy them; But when Esther came before the king, he commanded by letters that his wicked device, which he devised against the Jews, should return upon his own head, and that he and his sons should be hanged on the gallows. Wherefore they called these days Purim after the name of Pur." Purim thereafter became an annual national celebration of the people of Judah (see Jews - Three Tribes and Three Meanings and the Fact Finder question below).
"9:18 But the Jews that were at Shushan assembled together on the thirteenth day thereof, and on the fourteenth thereof; and on the fifteenth day of the same they rested, and made it a day of feasting and gladness.
Fact Finder: Why didn't the "lost ten tribes" of Israel ever know Purim?
This Day In History, October 7
13 BC: Drusus Julius Caesar, the son of Tiberius, was born. Tiberius was the Roman Emperor at the time of the Crucifixion of the Messiah (see A History Of Jerusalem: Pompey And The Caesars).
1571: The Battle of Lepanto, fought off Lepanto, Greece, between the fleet of the "Holy League" (see Constantine's Crusades In History And Prophecy) commanded by Don John of Austria with his 316 ships, and the Turkish fleet (listen to our Sermon The Ottoman Empire), commanded by Ochiali Pasha with 250 galleys. The allies (mostly Spanish, Venetian and papal ships) defeated the Turkish fleet, killing at least 25,000 Turks, destroyed 80 ships, and liberated about 10,000 "Christian" (i.e. Church of Rome) galley slaves. It was the last great confrontation between oared ships.
1691: The English Royal Charter for the Province of Massachusetts Bay in New England was issued.
1737: Waves up to 15 meters (about 50 feet) sank 15,000 small craft off the coast of India with a loss of life estimated over 250,000 people.
1763: The Proclamation of 1763 was issued by King George III, closing lands north and west of the Alleghenies to white settlement, and providing boundaries and terms of government for the territories Britain acquired from France under the Treaty of Paris. "New France" ceased to exist and was replaced by the much smaller province of Quebec. As a result of the treaty, the region's borders were changed to make it rectangular, centered on the St. Lawrence River; the borders no longer ran south to the Mississippi and east to Newfoundland (if they continued to so do, the border today between Canada and the U.S. would run north to south, rather than east to west).
1806: Carbon paper was patented in London by inventor Ralph Wedgewood.
1826: The Convention of Akkerman, an agreement signed in Akkerman, Romania, between the Ottoman Empire and Russia in which the Ottomans accepted, under threat of war, Russian demands concerning Serbia and the Danube principalities of Moldavia and Walachia (again, listen to our Sermon The Ottoman Empire to understand how it led to the outbreak of the First World War - listen to our Sermon The European World Wars).
1840: Willem II (Willem and Wilhelm are the Dutch and German versions of the English name William) became King of the Netherlands.
1862: Royal Columbian Hospital opened as the first hospital in the Canadian province of British Columbia.
1879: Otto von Bismarck concluded a military pact with Austria-Hungary, allying the Habsburgs with the Prussian-dominated Germany; the alliance was intended to render France powerless against the Reich (Reich is the German word for Empire - see The Holy Roman Empire Of The German Nation). Adolf Hitler later called his regime "the Third Reich" (see also Presidential Quotes On War, Terrorism, Religion).
1919: KLM, the national airline of the Netherlands, was established. It is the oldest existing airline.
1944: The Jewish revolt in Auschwitz; Jews working in a Krupp plant smuggled in explosives, which were turned into grenades and bombs by skilled Soviet POWs. They blew up Crematorium III and killed 3 SS men. 250 Jews were massacred by the guards, but 27 escaped.
1949: The German Democratic Republic (communist East Germany) was proclaimed in the Soviet sector of occupied Germany; Wilhelm Pieck was appointed President, Otto Grotewohl was appointed Prime Minister.
1959: The far side of the moon was photographed for the first time, by the Soviet Luna-3 spacecraft.
1981: Hosni Mubarak became acting president of Egypt after the assassination of Anwar Sadat the day before.
1985: "Palestinian" (see Where Is Palestine?) terrorists seized control of the Achille Lauro, an Italian passenger ship carrying 440 people. They threatened to blow it up if Israel did not release 50 Palestinian prisoners. During the incident, the hijackers murdered Leon Klinghoffer, an elderly Jewish-U.S. man in a wheelchair.
1996: The Fox "News" Channel began broadcasting.
2001: The U.S. invasion of Afghanistan began with bombing and forces on the ground.