. Make a Donation

Index Page
About The Author
Bible Quiz
Holy Day Calendar
Free Online Bibles
Bible Reading Plan

Quick Search the thousands of Bible studies on this website.
Just type in topic word(s) or a question.
Get Daily Bible Study on Facebook
Get Daily Bible Study on Twitter
Sunday, March 29 2015

Psalm 127: Who Was The Carpenter That Built The Cross?

"Except the LORD build the house, they labour in vain that build it"

The English-language word "carpenter" originated from a Latin word, carpentarius, that was based upon carpentum - the Latin word for a chariot. Although the ancient Romans also had "carpenters" to build houses, when Rome metastasized from a republic to an empire (see A History Of Jerusalem: Pompey And The Caesars), their war-based national mentality commonly designated many civilian things according to their military use. To the Roman occupation forces of the first century (see Israel In History and Prophecy: Roman Judea), although He was a genuine carpenter, Jesus Christ may have been known to them, in their Latin, as a "chariot maker" - even if He never actually ever built a chariot. The Romans would not likely have allowed the conquered people of Judea to have chariots, nor would they have trusted their "sacred defense industry" (i.e. the forces of their "divine emperor") to their foreign enemies - even though, in Judea and in every other country that they invaded, the Romans were the actual foreigners.

Today, "carpenter" is generally defined as "an artificer who works in timber; a framer and builder of houses and of ships." (The Consolidated Webster Encyclopedic Dictionary).

The Nazareth Carpenter's Shop

"Carpenter" is used to translate two Hebrew words of the Old Testament and one Greek word of the New Testament. Unfortunately, workers of stone and metal were not the only ones who sometimes misused their skills for idolatry; some carpenters did so too (see also The History Of Idolatry)

  • The Hebrew word, pronounced khaw-rawsh, that means a skilled craftsman. Example:

    "44:13 The carpenter [khaw-rawsh - a skilled craftman] stretcheth out his rule; he marketh it out with a line; he fitteth it with planes, and he marketh it out with the compass, and maketh it after the figure of a man, according to the beauty of a man; that it may remain in the house. 44:14 He heweth him down cedars, and taketh the cypress and the oak, which he strengtheneth for himself among the trees of the forest: he planteth an ash, and the rain doth nourish it. 44:15 Then shall it be for a man to burn: for he will take thereof, and warm himself; yea, he kindleth it, and baketh bread; yea, he maketh a god, and worshippeth it; he maketh it a graven image, and falleth down thereto. 44:16 He burneth part thereof in the fire; with part thereof he eateth flesh; he roasteth roast, and is satisfied: yea, he warmeth himself, and saith, Aha, I am warm, I have seen the fire: 44:17 And the residue thereof he maketh a god, even his graven image: he falleth down unto it, and worshippeth it, and prayeth unto it, and saith, Deliver me; for thou art my god." (Isaiah 44:13-17 KJV)

  • The Hebrew word, pronounced awtes, that means a tree, in referring to skilled workers of timber. Example:

    "12:11 And they gave the money, being told, into the hands of them that did the work, that had the oversight of the house of the LORD: and they laid it out to the carpenters [awtes - a tree, in referring to skilled workers of timber] and builders, that wrought upon the house of the LORD, 12:12 And to masons, and hewers of stone, and to buy timber and hewed stone to repair the breaches of the house of the LORD, and for all that was laid out for the house to repair it." (2 Kings 12:11-12 KJV)

  • The Greek word, pronounced tek-tone (from which also comes the English word technology), that means a craftsman of wood. Example:

    "6:3 Is not this the carpenter, the son of Mary, the brother of James, and Joses, and of Juda, and Simon? and are not his sisters here with us? And they were offended at him." (Mark 6:3 KJV)

The Messiah grew up and worked in the building business of Joseph of Nazareth (see Joseph Of Nazareth and The Kinsfolk Of Jesus Of Nazareth). His family and working background were later used by the religious "experts" to reject Him as a prophet. The incident also produced the famous statement "A prophet is not without honour, save in his own country, and in his own house."

"13:54 And when he was come into his own country, he taught them in their synagogue, insomuch that they were astonished, and said, Whence hath this man this wisdom, and these mighty works? 13:55 Is not this the carpenter's son? is not his mother called Mary? and his brethren, James, and Joses, and Simon, and Judas? 13:56 And his sisters, are they not all with us? Whence then hath this man all these things? 13:57 And they were offended in him.

But Jesus said unto them, A prophet is not without honour, save in his own country, and in his own house.

13:58 And he did not many mighty works there because of their unbelief." (Matthew 13:54-58 KJV)

The Crucifixion

Ironically, a carpenter made the Cross that was used to Crucify the Ultimate Builder (see also The Crucifixion).

Cross The crux commissa, shaped in the form of a capital T, was actually the commonly-used device used by the Romans for crucifixions.

The upright post, that was notched at or into the top, was already in place. The executed person was tied and/or nailed (nailed through the wrists, not the hands which would not hold) to the cross-section which was often carried to the place of crucifixion by the condemned man (as was done with the Messiah). The entire cross assembly, that weighed 300-400 pounds, or more, was simply too heavy for anyone to carry or drag any distance.

The cross beam, with the condemned man attached, was then simply lifted up (as the Christ spoke of before it happened in the famous "John 3:16" lesson - that is much more than a single verse; see What Was The Lesson Of John 3:16?) and set into the notch or joint at the top of the upright post.

"3:14 And as Moses lifted up the serpent in the wilderness, even so must the Son of man be lifted up: 3:15 That whosoever believeth in him should not perish, but have eternal life. 3:16 For God so loved the world, that he gave his only begotten Son, that whosoever believeth in him should not perish, but have everlasting life." (John 3:14-16 KJV)

From an engineering perspective, the T-shaped cross was quickly and easily assembled, and also the strongest, because the weight of the condemned man was drawing down directly into the notch, where it couldn't go anywhere, unlike the traditional idea of the crucifix that had the cross section fastened to the side of the post, which could much more easily pull away.

As well, since the condemned man hung down below the level of the horizontal beam, there was still plenty of room for a sign to be nailed above his head, as was done with the Messiah; the "Jesus of Nazareth, the King of the Jews" on the sign is shown written below in the original Greek of John 19:19.

The genuine T-shaped cross was used as a symbol of Christ's Crucifixion (without any idol attached to it; see the Fact Finder question below) from the earliest time - before it was replaced by the fantasy idea of the cross that is so common today.

Jesus of Nazareth, the King of the Jews

The Messiah's personal eyewitness view from the Cross is recorded in only one place in the Bible - a prophetic Psalm, written by King David (see David's View From The Cross). King Solomon, in his wise years, also knew that "Except the LORD build the house, they labour in vain that build it."

"127:1 A Song of degrees for Solomon.

Except the LORD build the house, they labour in vain that build it: except the LORD keep the city, the watchman waketh but in vain. 127:2 It is vain for you to rise up early, to sit up late, to eat the bread of sorrows: for so he giveth his beloved sleep. 127:3 Lo, children are an heritage of the LORD: and the fruit of the womb is his reward. 127:4 As arrows are in the hand of a mighty man; so are children of the youth. 127:5 Happy is the man that hath his quiver full of them: they shall not be ashamed, but they shall speak with the enemies in the gate." (Psalm 127:1-5 KJV)

Fact Finder: How has Satan committed fraud with the true Cross of the Messiah?
See How Does Satan Impersonate Jesus Christ?

Bible Quiz Daily Bible Study Library
Thousands of Studies!

Jesus Christ
Bible History
Christian Living
Eternal Life
By The Book
Bible Places
The Spirit World

This Day In History, March 29

87 BC: Emperor Wu of Han of China died at age 69 (see alsoGog and Magog).

502: Burgundian King Gundobad proclaimed a new legal code (Lex Burgundionum) at Lyon. It unified the laws of the Gallo-Romans and the Burgundians.

1430: The Ottoman Empire under Murad II captured the Byzantine city of Thessalonica (the city is known in the Bible from two epistles of the apostle Paul; see 1 Thessalonians: Prove All Things, Hold Fast What Is Good and 2 Thessalonians: The Falling Away Of The Son Of Perdition).

The Holy Scriptures
1461: The bloodiest battle of the Wars of the Roses occurred near York. 35,000 Yorkists battled 40,000 Lancastrians to secure the English throne for Yorkist Edward IV.

1638: The first permanent European settlement in Delaware was established by Swedish Lutherans.

1778: English explorer James Cook landed at Vancouver Island. A year later, Cook was killed (and some reports say eaten) by natives in the islands of Hawaii, which Cook originally named the Sandwich Islands (after the Earl of Sandwich, a supporter of Cook's voyages).

1798: The Helvetic Republic, a government set up by the French directory in Switzerland from the ten cantons, was proclaimed.

1792: King Gustavus III of Sweden died of gunshot wounds inflicted by an assassin 2 weeks earlier.

1809: In Sweden, Gustavus IV was forced to abdicate after a number of military defeats against Denmark. He was succeeded by Charles XIII.

1848: For the first time in recorded history, Niagara Falls stopped flowing. An ice jam in the Niagara River above the rim of the falls caused the water to stop.

1867: The British North America Act established the Dominion of Canada comprising Quebec, Ontario, Nova Scotia and New Brunswick.

1871: In London, Queen Victoria opened the Royal Albert Hall in memory of her late husband Prince Albert.

1867: The U.S. purchased Alaska from Russia for $7.2 million dollars.

1936: Adolf Hitler received 99% of the votes in a referendum to ratify Germany's reoccupation of the Rhineland (see Law-Abiding Criminals)

1939: The Spanish Civil War ended in victory for Francisco Franco. Adolf Hitler and Benito Mussolini had aided Franco.

1941: During the Second World War, British warships sank 5 Italian warships off the Peloponnesus coast in The Mediterranean Sea.

1945: During the Second World War (1939-1945), the last day of the Nazi V-1 "flying bombs" (i.e. rockets) struck on England. After the war, many of the Nazi rocket scientists were welcomed into the U.S., including Wernher von Braun who was the head of Adolf Hitler's liquid-fuel rocket program that was used to bomb Britain (in which thousands of British civilians were killed). The war criminal Wernher von Braun, who later admitted that he had been more than just a scientist (he was a member of both Hitler's political Nazi party and Hitler's war-criminal SS, the "schutzstaffel") worked on the development of NASA rockets (despite the opposition of those who knew the truth about "the NASA Nazi," including many Jews and Jewish holocaust survivors) and U.S. nuclear missiles.

1962: Cuba opened the trial of the "Bay of Pigs" invaders.

1971: U.S. Army Lieutenant William Calley was convicted of premeditated murder and sentenced to life in prison for his ordering the massacre of over 500 Vietnamese civilians (unarmed old men, women and babies) in their village of My Lai in March 1968. Although convicted of the heinous war crimes, Calley was quietly released from custody not long afterward.

1975: President Anwar Sadat of Egypt declared that he would reopen the Suez Canal.

1982: The Canada Act of 1982 received Royal Assent from Queen Elizabeth II, thereby leading to Canada's new Constitution of 1982.

2002: In response to the "Passover Massacre" two days before, Israel launched "Operation Defensive Shield" against Palestinian terrorists in the "West Bank" - the largest since the 1967 Six-Day War (see also Israel's Wars In The Twentieth Century).

2004: The Republic of Ireland became the first country in the world to ban smoking in all workplaces, including restaurants and bars.



Copyright © Wayne Blank