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Thursday, November 19 2015
Ezekiel 26: Tyre's Island In The Sea
"I will bring upon Tyrus Nebuchadrezzar king of Babylon, a king of kings, from the north, with horses, and with chariots, and with horsemen, and companies, and much people"
Tyre was an ancient Phoenician port city on the coast of the Mediterranean Sea in what is today southern Lebanon, just north of the border with Israel. Some of the most well-known cities of Phenicia, or Phoenicia (from the Greek phoinix, which meant both a palm tree) were Tyre and Sidon. Also was the city of Byblos, a major manufacturer and exporter of papyrus, a tall reed-like plant that grows in swamps and along rivers, that was used to make some of the earliest writing material - and hence, books. The English-language word "Bible" is derived from Byblos, meaning "the papyrus," or "the book."
Tyre was originally established on both an island and the adjacent mainland, which provided for it to be a major port of commerce in the region. According to one ancient account, "Tyrian merchants were the first who ventured to navigate the Mediterranean waters; and they founded their colonies on the coasts and neighboring islands of the Aegean Sea, in Greece, on the northern coast of Africa, at Carthage and other places, in Sicily and Corsica, in Spain at Tartessus, and even beyond the pillars of Hercules at Gadeira."
When King David first made Jerusalem into an Israelite city (see How Long Was Jerusalem The Capital Of Israel?), King Hiram of Tyre (see King Hiram of Tyre) sent cedar lumber, carpenters, and stonemasons to help David build his palace.
"5:9 So David dwelt in the fort, and called it the city of David. And David built round about from Millo and inward. 5:10 And David went on, and grew great, and the LORD God of hosts was with him. 5:11 And Hiram king of Tyre sent messengers to David, and cedar trees, and carpenters, and masons: and they built David an house." (2 Samuel 5:9-11 KJV)
Later, when King Solomon succeeded his father David as king, King Hiram continued his alliance with Israel. All of the fine cedar for the first Temple in Jerusalem came from Tyre (see The Temple That Solomon Built).
"5:8 And Hiram sent to Solomon, saying, I have considered the things which thou sentest to me for: and I will do all thy desire concerning timber of cedar, and concerning timber of fir. 5:9 My servants shall bring them down from Lebanon unto the sea: and I will convey them by sea in floats unto the place that thou shalt appoint me, and will cause them to be discharged there, and thou shalt receive them: and thou shalt accomplish my desire, in giving food for my household. 5:10 So Hiram gave Solomon cedar trees and fir trees according to all his desire." (1 Kings 5:8-10 KJV)
As shown on the city map above, Tyre existed in two sections - a fortress on the mainland, and the main city which was constructed on a small island about 1,000 yards/meters from the shore. The natural defensive capability enabled it to withstand a siege by King Shalmaneser of Assyria for 5 years during the time of the fall of the Kingdom of Israel in 721 BC (see Israel In History and Prophecy: The Lost Ten Tribes). As prophesied and recorded by Ezekiel, Tyre also experienced the Babylonian onslaught by King Nebuchadnezzar at the time the fall of the Kingdom of Judah in 586 BC (see Why Did Judah Fall To Babylon?).
"26:1 And it came to pass in the eleventh year, in the first day of the month, that the word of the LORD came unto me, saying,
Fact Finder: What did the Messiah do in Tyre?
This Day In History, November 19
461: Libius Severus was declared Emperor of the Western Roman Empire (see also A History Of Jerusalem: Pompey And The Caesars and Pax Romana: The Birth Of The Roman Empire). By that time, the Roman Empire was "falling" to the Germanic tribes that later became the "Holy Roman Empire Of The German Nation" (see The Holy Roman Empire Of The German Nation).
1095: The Council of Clermont began. It was called by Pope Urban II for sending the First Crusade (see also Constantine's Crusades In History And Prophecy).
1493: Christopher Columbus discovered (it wasn't a "discovery" for the people who were already there) the island that is today known as Puerto Rico (Columbus called it San Juan Bautista) during his second voyage to the New World. All of the voyages of Columbus were limited to the islands of the Caribbean Sea (for a map of the four voyages of Columbus, see Thanksgiving In History and Prophecy).
1521: Milan was invaded by papal armies under Colona, beginning the war between the Hapsburg and Valois dynasties.
1600: Charles I, king of Scotland and England, was born. His authoritarian rule led to civil war and his eventual execution.
1703: The "man in the iron mask," a prisoner in the Bastille prison in Paris, died. His true identity is unknown; he was the subject of literary works by Francois Voltaire and Alexandre Dumas.
1809: During the Peninsular War, 30,000 French defeated 50,000 Spanish at the Battle of Ocana.
1858: British Columbia became a military colony of Britain. It had been administered by the Hudson's Bay Company (the company that Britain made contract with to develop commerce routes and trading posts through much of Canada), but thousands of U.S. gold miners and outlaws ignored the border and refused to heed the company's established legal authority (mostly by shooting at company officers). To prevent the lawless horde from violently taking over the territory and its people, it was temporarily made a military colony of Britain, whereby law and order was restored.
1866: As requested by the people who lived there, Vancouver Island (named after British Captain George Vancouver, an officer in the British navy who explored much of the west coast of North America), which had been a separate British colony, was included in the territory of British Columbia.
1897: The start of the Great City Fire of London.
1911: The first Marconi wireless transmission from Italy was received in New York.
1941: During the Second World War (1939-1945; listen to our Sermon The European World Wars), the Australian warship Sydney engaged the German raider Kormoran in a fierce naval battle in the Indian Ocean, 300 miles west of Australia. After the battle the Sydney sailed off and was never seen again, with 645 presumed dead.
1942: During the Second World War (see Presidential Quotes On War, Terrorism, Religion), Russian forces began a counter-offensive against the invading German army at Stalingrad.
1947: King George VI declared Philip Mountbatten to be the Duke of Edinburgh, in preparation for Mountbatten's wedding to George's elder daughter, Princess Elizabeth (today Queen Elizabeth II), the next day.
1954: The U.S. and Canada began the construction of a radar warning system across northern Canada to give warning of approaching Russian nuclear bombers (Canada has the U.S. on its southern border and Russia on its northern border).
1977: Egyptian President Anwar Sadat departed for his peace visit to Israel. As his Presidential aircraft entered Israeli airspace, Israeli fighter jets escorted it to Ben-Gurion Airport. 10,000 police were on alert upon his landing.
1998: During the Monica Lewinsky fornication and adultery (see Leviticus 18: Sexual Abominations) in the Oval Office investigation, the United States House of Representatives Judiciary Committee began impeachment hearings against U.S. President Bill Clinton.
1999: China launched Shenzhou 1. It orbited the Earth 14 times before re-entry where it landed in China about 400 kilometers east of where it had been launched.