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Monday, April 11 2016

Mark 15: What Time Did Jesus Die?

"And at the ninth hour Jesus cried with a loud voice, saying, Eloi, Eloi, lama sabachthani? which is, being interpreted, My God, My God, why hast Thou forsaken Me? ... And Jesus cried with a loud voice, and gave up the ghost"

The Messiah was seized by the High Priest's lynch mob (The Night Of The Messiah And The Lynch Mob) before midnight of Nisan 14 (see How Did The Messiah Observe His Last Passover?) and abused at the High Priest's house until just after sunrise. The Messiah was then taken for His "trial" before the Romans: "straightway in the morning the chief priests held a consultation with the elders and scribes and the whole council, and bound Jesus, and carried him away, and delivered him to Pilate."

Everyone knew that the Messiah had committed no crime and was sinless (see Innocent Blood), but it didn't matter. It was an assassination, as much political as religious ("11:47 Then gathered the chief priests and the Pharisees a council, and said, What do we? for this man doeth many miracles. 11:48 If we let him thus alone, all men will believe on him: and the Romans shall come and take away both our place and nation." John 11:47-48 KJV).

To top it off, a known, proven murderer was released in place of the Messiah. Pilate, "at that feast he released unto them one prisoner, whomsoever they desired" - but they demanded the despicable Barabbas (see Why Did They Want A Murderer Released Instead Of Jesus?).

Barabbas

"15:1 And straightway in the morning the chief priests held a consultation with the elders and scribes and the whole council, and bound Jesus, and carried him away, and delivered him to Pilate.

15:2 And Pilate asked him, Art thou the King of the Jews?

And he answering said unto him, Thou sayest it.

15:3 And the chief priests accused him of many things: but he answered nothing. 15:4 And Pilate asked him again, saying, Answerest thou nothing? behold how many things they witness against thee.

15:5 But Jesus yet answered nothing; so that Pilate marvelled.

15:6 Now at that feast he released unto them one prisoner, whomsoever they desired. 15:7 And there was one named Barabbas, which lay bound with them that had made insurrection with him, who had committed murder in the insurrection. 15:8 And the multitude crying aloud began to desire him to do as he had ever done unto them.

15:9 But Pilate answered them, saying, Will ye that I release unto you the King of the Jews? 15:10 For he knew that the chief priests had delivered him for envy. 15:11 But the chief priests moved the people, that he should rather release Barabbas unto them.

15:12 And Pilate answered and said again unto them, What will ye then that I shall do unto him whom ye call the King of the Jews?

15:13 And they cried out again, Crucify him.

15:14 Then Pilate said unto them, Why, what evil hath he done?

And they cried out the more exceedingly, Crucify him.

15:15 And so Pilate, willing to content the people, released Barabbas unto them, and delivered Jesus, when he had scourged him, to be crucified." (Mark 15:1-15 KJV)

The Roman troops then demonstrated their sadistic gutlessness by torturing their bound, heavily-outnumbered prisoner. The angels of the LORD were still present, but as a testimony to their self-control, they permitted the Messiah's savage treatment, according to the Will of God: "53:3 He is despised and rejected of men; a man of sorrows, and acquainted with grief: and we hid as it were our faces from him; he was despised, and we esteemed him not. 53:4 Surely he hath borne our griefs, and carried our sorrows: yet we did esteem him stricken, smitten of God, and afflicted. 53:5 But he was wounded for our transgressions, he was bruised for our iniquities: the chastisement of our peace was upon him; and with his stripes we are healed" (Isaiah 53:3-5 KJV; see also The Sacrifice Was Given, Not Taken).

"15:16 And the soldiers led him away into the hall, called Praetorium; and they call together the whole band.

15:17 And they clothed him with purple, and platted a crown of thorns, and put it about his head, 15:18 And began to salute him, Hail, King of the Jews! 15:19 And they smote him on the head with a reed, and did spit upon him, and bowing their knees worshipped him.

15:20 And when they had mocked him, they took off the purple from him, and put his own clothes on him, and led him out to crucify him." (Mark 15:16-20 KJV)

The Crucifixion

The Messiah's "trial" by the Roman governors and His torture by the Roman troops went on for about 3 hours, from sunrise until the "third hour" i.e. the third hour of daylight on a sundial, which is about 9 am on a modern-day clock. "And it was the third hour, and they crucified him."

"15:21 And they compel one Simon a Cyrenian, who passed by, coming out of the country, the father of Alexander and Rufus, to bear his cross. 15:22 And they bring him unto the place Golgotha, which is, being interpreted, The place of a skull. 15:23 And they gave him to drink wine mingled with myrrh: but he received it not. 15:24 And when they had crucified him, they parted his garments, casting lots upon them, what every man should take.

15:25 And it was the third hour, and they crucified him. 15:26 And the superscription of his accusation was written over, THE KING OF THE JEWS. 15:27 And with him they crucify two thieves; the one on his right hand, and the other on his left. 15:28 And the scripture was fulfilled, which saith, And he was numbered with the transgressors. 15:29 And they that passed by railed on him, wagging their heads, and saying, Ah, thou that destroyest the temple, and buildest it in three days, 15:30 Save thyself, and come down from the cross.

15:31 Likewise also the chief priests mocking said among themselves with the scribes, He saved others; himself he cannot save. 15:32 Let Christ the King of Israel descend now from the cross, that we may see and believe. And they that were crucified with him reviled him." (Mark 15:21-32 KJV)

The Messiah then hung on the Cross (see The Cross Of Christ, Or The Cross Of Men?) for 3 hours, and then during 3 more hours of heavy overcast from noon until 3 pm: "And when the sixth hour was come, there was darkness over the whole land until the ninth hour." Sundials don't work in heavy overcast, but note that the darkness started at noon, when the sundials were still being read, until 3 pm when the sun began to shine again - when the Messiah died, a little after 3 pm.

Sundial

"15:33 And when the sixth hour was come, there was darkness over the whole land until the ninth hour. 15:34 And at the ninth hour Jesus cried with a loud voice, saying, Eloi, Eloi, lama sabachthani? which is, being interpreted, My God, my God, why hast thou forsaken me?

15:35 And some of them that stood by, when they heard it, said, Behold, he calleth Elias.

15:36 And one ran and filled a spunge full of vinegar, and put it on a reed, and gave him to drink, saying, Let alone; let us see whether Elias will come to take him down.

15:37 And Jesus cried with a loud voice, and gave up the ghost.

15:38 And the veil of the temple was rent in twain from the top to the bottom. 15:39 And when the centurion, which stood over against him, saw that he so cried out, and gave up the ghost, he said, Truly this man was the Son of God.

15:40 There were also women looking on afar off: among whom was Mary Magdalene, and Mary the mother of James the less and of Joses, and Salome; 15:41 (Who also, when he was in Galilee, followed him, and ministered unto him;) and many other women which came up with him unto Jerusalem." (Mark 15:33-41 KJV)

Joseph of Arimathaea and Nicodemus the Pharisee (see Joseph and Nicodemus: Making A Stand) then had a little less than 3 hours to claim the Body off the Cross, prepare it for Burial. and place it in the Tomb just before sunset, before the annual Sabbath (see the Fact Finder question below). The close timing enabled the marking of the prophesied "3 days and 3 nights" in the Tomb.

"15:42 And now when the even was come, because it was the preparation, that is, the day before the sabbath, 15:43 Joseph of Arimathaea, an honourable counsellor, which also waited for the kingdom of God, came, and went in boldly unto Pilate, and craved the body of Jesus.

15:44 And Pilate marvelled if he were already dead: and calling unto him the centurion, he asked him whether he had been any while dead.

15:45 And when he knew it of the centurion, he gave the body to Joseph.

15:46 And he bought fine linen, and took him down, and wrapped him in the linen, and laid him in a sepulchre which was hewn out of a rock, and rolled a stone unto the door of the sepulchre.

15:47 And Mary Magdalene and Mary the mother of Joses beheld where he was laid." (Mark 15:42-47 KJV)

Fact Finder: How do we know that the Messiah was Crucified on the day before an annual Sabbath, not the weekly Sabbath?
See The Two Sabbaths Of Passover Week; see also The True Christian Holy Days and The Holy Days Of Jesus Christ, The LORD


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This Day In History, April 11

217: The accession of Macrinus, the 24th Roman emperor, reigned 217-218 (see A History Of Jerusalem: Pompey And The Caesars and Israel In History and Prophecy: Aelia Capitolina).

The Roman Empire

1512: The forces of the "Holy League" (see The Holy Roman Empire Of The German Nation) were defeated by the French at the Battle of Ravenna.

1689: William III and Mary II were crowned as joint sovereigns of Britain.

1713: The Treaty of Utrecht was signed to end the War of The Spanish Succession.

1814: Napoleon was exiled to Elba.

1864: Archduke Maximilian of Austria accepted the throne of Mexico.

1941: During the Second World War (listen to our Sermon The European World Wars), German bombers devastated Coventry, England.

1951: Police recovered the Stone of Scone (pronounced "scoon") which had been stolen from Westminster Abbey over 3 months earlier. The 484 pound stone has been part of the coronation ceremonies for British monarchs since it had been brought to London in 1296.

1961: Israel began the trial of Nazi war criminal Adolf Eichman.

1965: 40 tornadoes struck the U.S. Midwest, killing 272 people and injuring 5,000.

1970: Apollo 13 was launched. The aborted mission returned 6 days later.

1979: Ugandan dictator Idi Amin was ousted.

1982: Allen Goodman, a U.S.-born Israeli soldier, went on a shooting rampage on the Temple Mount (see A History Of Jerusalem: Constantine and Muhammad, A History Of Jerusalem: Zionism and A History Of Jerusalem: War And Peace). Storming into the Al Aksa Mosque with an M-16 rifle, Goodman killed a Muslim guard and wounded other Arabs (see What Does The Bible Say About Arabs?). The incident set off a week of rioting and strikes in Jerusalem, the West Bank, and Gaza. Goodman was convicted a year later and sentenced to life plus 2 terms of 20 years. The sentence was later reduced to 24 years, of which he served less than 16 years before being released on October 16 1997.

1997: Fire severely damaged the church that housed The Shroud of Turin (see also Shroud Of Turin: A Miraculous Fake?), however firemen were able to save the relic.





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Copyright © Wayne Blank