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Monday, April 11 2016
Mark 15: What Time Did Jesus Die?
"And at the ninth hour Jesus cried with a loud voice, saying, Eloi, Eloi, lama sabachthani? which is, being interpreted, My God, My God, why hast Thou forsaken Me? ... And Jesus cried with a loud voice, and gave up the ghost"
The Messiah was seized by the High Priest's lynch mob (The Night Of The Messiah And The Lynch Mob) before midnight of Nisan 14 (see How Did The Messiah Observe His Last Passover?) and abused at the High Priest's house until just after sunrise. The Messiah was then taken for His "trial" before the Romans: "straightway in the morning the chief priests held a consultation with the elders and scribes and the whole council, and bound Jesus, and carried him away, and delivered him to Pilate."
Everyone knew that the Messiah had committed no crime and was sinless (see Innocent Blood), but it didn't matter. It was an assassination, as much political as religious ("11:47 Then gathered the chief priests and the Pharisees a council, and said, What do we? for this man doeth many miracles. 11:48 If we let him thus alone, all men will believe on him: and the Romans shall come and take away both our place and nation." John 11:47-48 KJV).
To top it off, a known, proven murderer was released in place of the Messiah. Pilate, "at that feast he released unto them one prisoner, whomsoever they desired" - but they demanded the despicable Barabbas (see Why Did They Want A Murderer Released Instead Of Jesus?).
"15:1 And straightway in the morning the chief priests held a consultation with the elders and scribes and the whole council, and bound Jesus, and carried him away, and delivered him to Pilate.
The Roman troops then demonstrated their sadistic gutlessness by torturing their bound, heavily-outnumbered prisoner. The angels of the LORD were still present, but as a testimony to their self-control, they permitted the Messiah's savage treatment, according to the Will of God: "53:3 He is despised and rejected of men; a man of sorrows, and acquainted with grief: and we hid as it were our faces from him; he was despised, and we esteemed him not. 53:4 Surely he hath borne our griefs, and carried our sorrows: yet we did esteem him stricken, smitten of God, and afflicted. 53:5 But he was wounded for our transgressions, he was bruised for our iniquities: the chastisement of our peace was upon him; and with his stripes we are healed" (Isaiah 53:3-5 KJV; see also The Sacrifice Was Given, Not Taken).
"15:16 And the soldiers led him away into the hall, called Praetorium; and they call together the whole band.
The Messiah's "trial" by the Roman governors and His torture by the Roman troops went on for about 3 hours, from sunrise until the "third hour" i.e. the third hour of daylight on a sundial, which is about 9 am on a modern-day clock. "And it was the third hour, and they crucified him."
"15:21 And they compel one Simon a Cyrenian, who passed by, coming out of the country, the father of Alexander and Rufus, to bear his cross. 15:22 And they bring him unto the place Golgotha, which is, being interpreted, The place of a skull. 15:23 And they gave him to drink wine mingled with myrrh: but he received it not. 15:24 And when they had crucified him, they parted his garments, casting lots upon them, what every man should take.
The Messiah then hung on the Cross (see The Cross Of Christ, Or The Cross Of Men?) for 3 hours, and then during 3 more hours of heavy overcast from noon until 3 pm: "And when the sixth hour was come, there was darkness over the whole land until the ninth hour." Sundials don't work in heavy overcast, but note that the darkness started at noon, when the sundials were still being read, until 3 pm when the sun began to shine again - when the Messiah died, a little after 3 pm.
"15:33 And when the sixth hour was come, there was darkness over the whole land until the ninth hour. 15:34 And at the ninth hour Jesus cried with a loud voice, saying, Eloi, Eloi, lama sabachthani? which is, being interpreted, My God, my God, why hast thou forsaken me?
Joseph of Arimathaea and Nicodemus the Pharisee (see Joseph and Nicodemus: Making A Stand) then had a little less than 3 hours to claim the Body off the Cross, prepare it for Burial. and place it in the Tomb just before sunset, before the annual Sabbath (see the Fact Finder question below). The close timing enabled the marking of the prophesied "3 days and 3 nights" in the Tomb.
"15:42 And now when the even was come, because it was the preparation, that is, the day before the sabbath, 15:43 Joseph of Arimathaea, an honourable counsellor, which also waited for the kingdom of God, came, and went in boldly unto Pilate, and craved the body of Jesus.
Fact Finder: How do we know that the Messiah was Crucified on the day before an annual Sabbath, not the weekly Sabbath?
This Day In History, April 11
1512: The forces of the "Holy League" (see The Holy Roman Empire Of The German Nation) were defeated by the French at the Battle of Ravenna.
1689: William III and Mary II were crowned as joint sovereigns of Britain.
1713: The Treaty of Utrecht was signed to end the War of The Spanish Succession.
1814: Napoleon was exiled to Elba.
1864: Archduke Maximilian of Austria accepted the throne of Mexico.
1941: During the Second World War (listen to our Sermon The European World Wars), German bombers devastated Coventry, England.
1951: Police recovered the Stone of Scone (pronounced "scoon") which had been stolen from Westminster Abbey over 3 months earlier. The 484 pound stone has been part of the coronation ceremonies for British monarchs since it had been brought to London in 1296.
1961: Israel began the trial of Nazi war criminal Adolf Eichman.
1965: 40 tornadoes struck the U.S. Midwest, killing 272 people and injuring 5,000.
1970: Apollo 13 was launched. The aborted mission returned 6 days later.
1979: Ugandan dictator Idi Amin was ousted.
1982: Allen Goodman, a U.S.-born Israeli soldier, went on a shooting rampage on the Temple Mount (see A History Of Jerusalem: Constantine and Muhammad, A History Of Jerusalem: Zionism and A History Of Jerusalem: War And Peace). Storming into the Al Aksa Mosque with an M-16 rifle, Goodman killed a Muslim guard and wounded other Arabs (see What Does The Bible Say About Arabs?). The incident set off a week of rioting and strikes in Jerusalem, the West Bank, and Gaza. Goodman was convicted a year later and sentenced to life plus 2 terms of 20 years. The sentence was later reduced to 24 years, of which he served less than 16 years before being released on October 16 1997.
1997: Fire severely damaged the church that housed The Shroud of Turin (see also Shroud Of Turin: A Miraculous Fake?), however firemen were able to save the relic.