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Monday, April 18 2016
Luke 6: Disciples And Apostles - What's The Difference?
"He called unto Him His disciples: and of them He chose twelve, whom also He named apostles"
"Disciple" is derived from the Greek word, pronounced math-ay-tes, that means student, or more specifically, a dedicated learner (the word "discipline" originated from the same word as "disciple"). The Biblical usage involved not just learning, but also agreement and acceptance of the teacher as a leader (see also What Do Leaders Do?). Followers of Christ were not called Christians until, as it happened, the founding of a church congregation at Antioch Of Syria ("11:26 ... And the disciples were called Christians first in Antioch" Acts 11:26 KJV). Before then, the followers of the Messiah were called disciples of Jesus Christ ("16:20 Then charged He His disciples" Matthew 16:20 KJV).
"Apostle" is derived from the Greek word, pronounced ap-os-tol-os, that means messenger, but more specifically, someone who is sent to a specific place or people with representative authority of the one who sent them i.e. an ambassador. The Twelve were the first apostles, but, like the Twelve ("19:28 And Jesus said unto them, Verily I say unto you, That ye which have followed me, in the regeneration when the Son of man shall sit in the throne of his glory, ye also shall sit upon twelve thrones, judging the twelve tribes of Israel" Matthew 19:28 KJV), others were also commissioned by the LORD for their specific purpose e.g. Paul: "11:13 For I speak to you Gentiles, inasmuch as I am the apostle of the Gentiles" (Romans 11:13 KJV).
The pervert Satan also has his "apostles" who pretend themselves (whether they even realize it or not i.e. "the blind leading the blind") as apostles of Christ: "11:13 For such are false apostles, deceitful workers, transforming themselves into the apostles of Christ. 11:14 And no marvel; for Satan himself is transformed into an angel of light" (2 Corinthians 11:13-14 KJV; see also How Does Satan Impersonate Jesus Christ?).
While all apostles were disciples, only a relative few disciples were appointed as apostles - after they properly learned, as disciples, how to do what they were thereafter sent out to do.
"6:12 And it came to pass in those days, that he went out into a mountain to pray, and continued all night in prayer to God.
All during that time, right from the beginning of the Messiah's ministry, the Pharisees (i.e. including those who hadn't been converted yet, but who later were, such as the Pharisees Saul/Paul and Nicodemus; see Paul's Blindness Lesson and Joseph and Nicodemus: Making A Stand) and other presumed religious "authorities" hounded the Messiah with false accusations that were based upon their self-righteous, self-inflicted ignorance of the LORD's pure Law (e.g. see Is It Lawful To Heal On The Sabbath Day?).
"6:1 And it came to pass on the second sabbath after the first, that he went through the corn fields; and his disciples plucked the ears of corn, and did eat, rubbing them in their hands. 6:2 And certain of the Pharisees said unto them, Why do ye that which is not lawful to do on the sabbath days?
The Messiah's popularity was, at first, the result of His miraculous healings of all sorts of physical and spiritual ailments (see Healings Of Man And Nature). The healings were in themselves practical prophecies of the resurrection to eternal life that will come for those who turn to the LORD and truly obey Him. Notice how the "blessings" describe how those who suffer from this world will be relieved of it in the Kingdom of God (see Will You Return To The Tree Of Life?).
"6:17 And he came down with them, and stood in the plain, and the company of his disciples, and a great multitude of people out of all Judaea and Jerusalem, and from the sea coast of Tyre and Sidon, which came to hear him, and to be healed of their diseases; 6:18 And they that were vexed with unclean spirits: and they were healed. 6:19 And the whole multitude sought to touch him: for there went virtue out of him, and healed them all.
Forgiving one's at-the-moment enemies is, in most cases, a matter of forgiving those whose time of conversion is yet to come. Those who choose not to repent after their time of conversion has come will be dealt with personally, by the LORD: "12:19 Dearly beloved, avenge not yourselves, but rather give place unto wrath: for it is written, Vengeance is mine; I will repay, saith the Lord. 12:20 Therefore if thine enemy hunger, feed him; if he thirst, give him drink: for in so doing thou shalt heap coals of fire on his head. 12:21 Be not overcome of evil, but overcome evil with good" (Romans 12:19-21 KJV).
"6:27 But I say unto you which hear, Love your enemies, do good to them which hate you, 6:28 Bless them that curse you, and pray for them which despitefully use you. 6:29 And unto him that smiteth thee on the one cheek offer also the other; and him that taketh away thy cloke forbid not to take thy coat also. 6:30 Give to every man that asketh of thee; and of him that taketh away thy goods ask them not again. 6:31 And as ye would that men should do to you, do ye also to them likewise.
All humans are sinners. The only difference is that, in their mortal state, some become repentant sinners (see Christ Died For Repentant Sinners). Only the LORD (see The Identity Of The LORD God and The LORD God Our Saviour) is the Judge. A prime example is the former Pharisee Saul who took part in the murder of Stephen (see The Stoning Of Stephen) - but was later converted into the apostle Paul (see Paul's Blindness Lesson).
"6:37 Judge not, and ye shall not be judged: condemn not, and ye shall not be condemned: forgive, and ye shall be forgiven: 6:38 Give, and it shall be given unto you; good measure, pressed down, and shaken together, and running over, shall men give into your bosom. For with the same measure that ye mete withal it shall be measured to you again.
From the Christian perspective, "works" means true repentance and living a genuine Christian life (see Works Means Obedience). Grace is not a license to sin (see Grace, Faith and The LORD's Forgiveness).
"6:43 For a good tree bringeth not forth corrupt fruit; neither doth a corrupt tree bring forth good fruit.
True Christians are those who obey Christ - not those who merely do as they please in His Name (see Why Call Me, Lord, Lord, and Do Not The Things Which I Say?).
"6:46 And why call ye me, Lord, Lord, and do not the things which I say?
Fact Finder: How is the LORD's mercy determined and applied?
This Day In History, April 18
1025: Boleslaw Chrobry (known as Boleslaw I the Valiant) became the first King of Poland (in nearly all languages, the word "king" means father of a kin; the original true meaning of "patriotism" means faithful to the father; see The Patriotism Prophecy and The First And Last Nation).
1328: Holy Roman Emperor Louis IV ("Louis the Bavarian"; see The Holy Roman Empire Of The German Nation) deposed Pope John XXII in Rome in a quarrel over who had superior authority (see Emperors and Popes). Peter of Corbara was appointed anti-pope as Nicholas V (see Antipopes).
1521: The trial of Martin Luther began its second day during the assembly of the Diet of Worms ("diet" is from the Latin word for day, used to refer to a daily assembly, while "Worms" is the English rendering of Vorms, a city in Germany). Luther refused to recant his anti-pope teachings, while keeping, as the "Protestant" world has done ever since, nearly all of the Church of Rome's anti-Christ doctrines (see Antichristians).
1689: British Chief Justice Judge George Jeffreys died in the Tower of London. He presided over the "Bloody Assizes" following the Monmouth Rebellion of 1685.
1834: William Lamb became Prime Minister of England.
1847: U.S. forces under General Winfield Scott attacked Mexican forces under General Santa Anna at the battle of Cerro-Gordo.
1897: The Greco-Turkish War was declared between the Ottoman Empire and Greece.
1906: A powerful earthquake struck San Francisco (then a relatively small town). It killed more than 1,000 people and left over 200,000 people homeless.
1912: The British liner RMS Carpathia arrived at New York with 705 survivors of the RMS Titanic.
1943: While traveling in a bomber, Japanese Admiral Isoroku Yamamoto, the planner of the attack on Pearl Harbor, was killed after the plane was shot down by U.S. P-38 fighters.
1946: The League of Nations was dissolved. It was replaced by the United Nations.
1949: The passing of the Republic of Ireland Act.
1950: The first transatlantic jet flight, a BOAC (British Overseas Airways Corporation, today British Airways) Comet airliner from London to New York.
1951: France, West Germany, Italy, Belgium, the Netherlands and Luxembourg signed a treaty to establish the European Coal and Steel Community.
1954: Colonel Gamal Abdel Nasser became the leader of Egypt.
1955: Albert Einstein, German-born scientist, died at age 76. He formulated the Theory of Relativity (see also Einstein's Holy Spirit Formula) and won the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1921 before fleeing Germany in 1932 to escape the Nazi persecution of Jews (regarding Adolf Hitler, see Why Does Satan Love Liars?).
1974: A Washington court issued a subpoena on U.S. President Richard Nixon to produce tape recordings and other "cover-up" evidence demanded by prosecutors for their investigation of the Watergate crimes.
1996: Over 100 civilian refugees were killed by Israeli artillery that bombarded a UN compound in Qana, Lebanon.