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Monday, April 18 2016

Luke 6: Disciples And Apostles - What's The Difference?

"He called unto Him His disciples: and of them He chose twelve, whom also He named apostles"

"Disciple" is derived from the Greek word, pronounced math-ay-tes, that means student, or more specifically, a dedicated learner (the word "discipline" originated from the same word as "disciple"). The Biblical usage involved not just learning, but also agreement and acceptance of the teacher as a leader (see also What Do Leaders Do?). Followers of Christ were not called Christians until, as it happened, the founding of a church congregation at Antioch Of Syria ("11:26 ... And the disciples were called Christians first in Antioch" Acts 11:26 KJV). Before then, the followers of the Messiah were called disciples of Jesus Christ ("16:20 Then charged He His disciples" Matthew 16:20 KJV).

"Apostle" is derived from the Greek word, pronounced ap-os-tol-os, that means messenger, but more specifically, someone who is sent to a specific place or people with representative authority of the one who sent them i.e. an ambassador. The Twelve were the first apostles, but, like the Twelve ("19:28 And Jesus said unto them, Verily I say unto you, That ye which have followed me, in the regeneration when the Son of man shall sit in the throne of his glory, ye also shall sit upon twelve thrones, judging the twelve tribes of Israel" Matthew 19:28 KJV), others were also commissioned by the LORD for their specific purpose e.g. Paul: "11:13 For I speak to you Gentiles, inasmuch as I am the apostle of the Gentiles" (Romans 11:13 KJV).

The pervert Satan also has his "apostles" who pretend themselves (whether they even realize it or not i.e. "the blind leading the blind") as apostles of Christ: "11:13 For such are false apostles, deceitful workers, transforming themselves into the apostles of Christ. 11:14 And no marvel; for Satan himself is transformed into an angel of light" (2 Corinthians 11:13-14 KJV; see also How Does Satan Impersonate Jesus Christ?).

While all apostles were disciples, only a relative few disciples were appointed as apostles - after they properly learned, as disciples, how to do what they were thereafter sent out to do.

Disciples

"6:12 And it came to pass in those days, that he went out into a mountain to pray, and continued all night in prayer to God.

6:13 And when it was day, he called unto him his disciples: and of them he chose twelve, whom also he named apostles;

6:14 Simon, (whom he also named Peter,) and Andrew his brother, James and John, Philip and Bartholomew, 6:15 Matthew and Thomas, James the son of Alphaeus, and Simon called Zelotes, 6:16 And Judas the brother of James, and Judas Iscariot, which also was the traitor." (Luke 6:12-16 KJV)

All during that time, right from the beginning of the Messiah's ministry, the Pharisees (i.e. including those who hadn't been converted yet, but who later were, such as the Pharisees Saul/Paul and Nicodemus; see Paul's Blindness Lesson and Joseph and Nicodemus: Making A Stand) and other presumed religious "authorities" hounded the Messiah with false accusations that were based upon their self-righteous, self-inflicted ignorance of the LORD's pure Law (e.g. see Is It Lawful To Heal On The Sabbath Day?).

"6:1 And it came to pass on the second sabbath after the first, that he went through the corn fields; and his disciples plucked the ears of corn, and did eat, rubbing them in their hands. 6:2 And certain of the Pharisees said unto them, Why do ye that which is not lawful to do on the sabbath days?

6:3 And Jesus answering them said, Have ye not read so much as this, what David did, when himself was an hungred, and they which were with him; 6:4 How he went into the house of God, and did take and eat the shewbread, and gave also to them that were with him; which it is not lawful to eat but for the priests alone? 6:5 And he said unto them, That the Son of man is Lord also of the sabbath.

6:6 And it came to pass also on another sabbath, that he entered into the synagogue and taught: and there was a man whose right hand was withered. 6:7 And the scribes and Pharisees watched him, whether he would heal on the sabbath day; that they might find an accusation against him. 6:8 But he knew their thoughts, and said to the man which had the withered hand, Rise up, and stand forth in the midst. And he arose and stood forth.

6:9 Then said Jesus unto them, I will ask you one thing; Is it lawful on the sabbath days to do good, or to do evil? to save life, or to destroy it?

6:10 And looking round about upon them all, he said unto the man, Stretch forth thy hand. And he did so: and his hand was restored whole as the other. 6:11 And they were filled with madness; and communed one with another what they might do to Jesus." (Luke 6:1-11 KJV)

The Messiah's popularity was, at first, the result of His miraculous healings of all sorts of physical and spiritual ailments (see Healings Of Man And Nature). The healings were in themselves practical prophecies of the resurrection to eternal life that will come for those who turn to the LORD and truly obey Him. Notice how the "blessings" describe how those who suffer from this world will be relieved of it in the Kingdom of God (see Will You Return To The Tree Of Life?).

Waiting To Be Healed

"6:17 And he came down with them, and stood in the plain, and the company of his disciples, and a great multitude of people out of all Judaea and Jerusalem, and from the sea coast of Tyre and Sidon, which came to hear him, and to be healed of their diseases; 6:18 And they that were vexed with unclean spirits: and they were healed. 6:19 And the whole multitude sought to touch him: for there went virtue out of him, and healed them all.

6:20 And he lifted up his eyes on his disciples, and said,

Blessed be ye poor: for yours is the kingdom of God.

6:21 Blessed are ye that hunger now: for ye shall be filled. Blessed are ye that weep now: for ye shall laugh.

6:22 Blessed are ye, when men shall hate you, and when they shall separate you from their company, and shall reproach you, and cast out your name as evil, for the Son of man's sake.

6:23 Rejoice ye in that day, and leap for joy: for, behold, your reward is great in heaven: for in the like manner did their fathers unto the prophets.

6:24 But woe unto you that are rich! for ye have received your consolation. 6:25 Woe unto you that are full! for ye shall hunger. Woe unto you that laugh now! for ye shall mourn and weep. 6:26 Woe unto you, when all men shall speak well of you! for so did their fathers to the false prophets." (Luke 6:17-26 KJV)

Forgiving one's at-the-moment enemies is, in most cases, a matter of forgiving those whose time of conversion is yet to come. Those who choose not to repent after their time of conversion has come will be dealt with personally, by the LORD: "12:19 Dearly beloved, avenge not yourselves, but rather give place unto wrath: for it is written, Vengeance is mine; I will repay, saith the Lord. 12:20 Therefore if thine enemy hunger, feed him; if he thirst, give him drink: for in so doing thou shalt heap coals of fire on his head. 12:21 Be not overcome of evil, but overcome evil with good" (Romans 12:19-21 KJV).

"6:27 But I say unto you which hear, Love your enemies, do good to them which hate you, 6:28 Bless them that curse you, and pray for them which despitefully use you. 6:29 And unto him that smiteth thee on the one cheek offer also the other; and him that taketh away thy cloke forbid not to take thy coat also. 6:30 Give to every man that asketh of thee; and of him that taketh away thy goods ask them not again. 6:31 And as ye would that men should do to you, do ye also to them likewise.

6:32 For if ye love them which love you, what thank have ye? for sinners also love those that love them. 6:33 And if ye do good to them which do good to you, what thank have ye? for sinners also do even the same. 6:34 And if ye lend to them of whom ye hope to receive, what thank have ye? for sinners also lend to sinners, to receive as much again. 6:35 But love ye your enemies, and do good, and lend, hoping for nothing again; and your reward shall be great, and ye shall be the children of the Highest: for he is kind unto the unthankful and to the evil. 6:36 Be ye therefore merciful, as your Father also is merciful." (Luke 6:27-36 KJV)

All humans are sinners. The only difference is that, in their mortal state, some become repentant sinners (see Christ Died For Repentant Sinners). Only the LORD (see The Identity Of The LORD God and The LORD God Our Saviour) is the Judge. A prime example is the former Pharisee Saul who took part in the murder of Stephen (see The Stoning Of Stephen) - but was later converted into the apostle Paul (see Paul's Blindness Lesson).

Stephen

"6:37 Judge not, and ye shall not be judged: condemn not, and ye shall not be condemned: forgive, and ye shall be forgiven: 6:38 Give, and it shall be given unto you; good measure, pressed down, and shaken together, and running over, shall men give into your bosom. For with the same measure that ye mete withal it shall be measured to you again.

6:39 And he spake a parable unto them, Can the blind lead the blind? shall they not both fall into the ditch? 6:40 The disciple is not above his master: but every one that is perfect shall be as his master.

6:41 And why beholdest thou the mote that is in thy brother's eye, but perceivest not the beam that is in thine own eye? 6:42 Either how canst thou say to thy brother, Brother, let me pull out the mote that is in thine eye, when thou thyself beholdest not the beam that is in thine own eye? Thou hypocrite, cast out first the beam out of thine own eye, and then shalt thou see clearly to pull out the mote that is in thy brother's eye." (Luke 6:37-42 KJV)

From the Christian perspective, "works" means true repentance and living a genuine Christian life (see Works Means Obedience). Grace is not a license to sin (see Grace, Faith and The LORD's Forgiveness).

"6:43 For a good tree bringeth not forth corrupt fruit; neither doth a corrupt tree bring forth good fruit.

6:44 For every tree is known by his own fruit. For of thorns men do not gather figs, nor of a bramble bush gather they grapes. 6:45 A good man out of the good treasure of his heart bringeth forth that which is good; and an evil man out of the evil treasure of his heart bringeth forth that which is evil: for of the abundance of the heart his mouth speaketh." (Luke 6:43-45 KJV)

True Christians are those who obey Christ - not those who merely do as they please in His Name (see Why Call Me, Lord, Lord, and Do Not The Things Which I Say?).

"6:46 And why call ye me, Lord, Lord, and do not the things which I say?

6:47 Whosoever cometh to me, and heareth my sayings, and doeth them, I will shew you to whom he is like: 6:48 He is like a man which built an house, and digged deep, and laid the foundation on a rock: and when the flood arose, the stream beat vehemently upon that house, and could not shake it: for it was founded upon a rock.

6:49 But he that heareth, and doeth not, is like a man that without a foundation built an house upon the earth; against which the stream did beat vehemently, and immediately it fell; and the ruin of that house was great." (Luke 6:46-49 KJV)

Fact Finder: How is the LORD's mercy determined and applied?
See What Does Mercy Really Mean?


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This Day In History, April 18

1025: Boleslaw Chrobry (known as Boleslaw I the Valiant) became the first King of Poland (in nearly all languages, the word "king" means father of a kin; the original true meaning of "patriotism" means faithful to the father; see The Patriotism Prophecy and The First And Last Nation).

1328: Holy Roman Emperor Louis IV ("Louis the Bavarian"; see The Holy Roman Empire Of The German Nation) deposed Pope John XXII in Rome in a quarrel over who had superior authority (see Emperors and Popes). Peter of Corbara was appointed anti-pope as Nicholas V (see Antipopes).

Albert Einstein 1521: The trial of Martin Luther began its second day during the assembly of the Diet of Worms ("diet" is from the Latin word for day, used to refer to a daily assembly, while "Worms" is the English rendering of Vorms, a city in Germany). Luther refused to recant his anti-pope teachings, while keeping, as the "Protestant" world has done ever since, nearly all of the Church of Rome's anti-Christ doctrines (see Antichristians).

1689: British Chief Justice Judge George Jeffreys died in the Tower of London. He presided over the "Bloody Assizes" following the Monmouth Rebellion of 1685.

1834: William Lamb became Prime Minister of England.

1847: U.S. forces under General Winfield Scott attacked Mexican forces under General Santa Anna at the battle of Cerro-Gordo.

1897: The Greco-Turkish War was declared between the Ottoman Empire and Greece.

1906: A powerful earthquake struck San Francisco (then a relatively small town). It killed more than 1,000 people and left over 200,000 people homeless.

1912: The British liner RMS Carpathia arrived at New York with 705 survivors of the RMS Titanic.

1943: While traveling in a bomber, Japanese Admiral Isoroku Yamamoto, the planner of the attack on Pearl Harbor, was killed after the plane was shot down by U.S. P-38 fighters.

1946: The League of Nations was dissolved. It was replaced by the United Nations.

1949: The passing of the Republic of Ireland Act.

1950: The first transatlantic jet flight, a BOAC (British Overseas Airways Corporation, today British Airways) Comet airliner from London to New York.

1951: France, West Germany, Italy, Belgium, the Netherlands and Luxembourg signed a treaty to establish the European Coal and Steel Community.

1954: Colonel Gamal Abdel Nasser became the leader of Egypt.

1955: Albert Einstein, German-born scientist, died at age 76. He formulated the Theory of Relativity (see also Einstein's Holy Spirit Formula) and won the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1921 before fleeing Germany in 1932 to escape the Nazi persecution of Jews (regarding Adolf Hitler, see Why Does Satan Love Liars?).

1974: A Washington court issued a subpoena on U.S. President Richard Nixon to produce tape recordings and other "cover-up" evidence demanded by prosecutors for their investigation of the Watergate crimes.

1996: Over 100 civilian refugees were killed by Israeli artillery that bombarded a UN compound in Qana, Lebanon.





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