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Friday, May 6 2016
Luke 20: The Lay Preacher Who Built The True Church Of God
"Tell us, by what authority doest thou these things? Or who is he that gave thee this authority?"
The term "lay preacher" is generally defined as an unordained minister i.e. not a professional clergyman. The word "lay" is from the ancient Greek word, pronounced laikos, that meant people (the other English-language word "lay," meaning to be in a reclining position, is unrelated; it originated from an Anglo-Saxon word centuries after the Greek word).
From the perspective of the "religious authorities" of Judah at the time (see Israel In History and Prophecy: Judaism and Israel Never Knew Purim, Hanukkah Or Judaism), the Messiah was a "lay preacher," Who was not ordained or authorized by them, or their schools of religion - He held no Degrees in their errors (see Doctorates Of Error).
When they demanded that He "Tell us, by what authority doest thou these things? or who is he that gave thee this authority," He responded in a way that even their blinded view of the Holy Scriptures could not refute (among them was a young Pharisee named Saul - who the LORD later converted into the apostle Paul; see Paul's Blindness Lesson).
"20:1 And it came to pass, that on one of those days, as he taught the people in the temple, and preached the gospel, the chief priests and the scribes came upon him with the elders, 20:2 And spake unto him, saying, Tell us, by what authority doest thou these things? or who is he that gave thee this authority?
The Messiah then delivered a parable that spoke directly about them - and all ever since who have absconded with the true Gospel of the coming Kingdom of God (see What Gospel Did Jesus Preach? and Why Call Me, Lord, Lord, and Do Not The Things Which I Say?).
Notice also that the Messiah knew that His return would happen long after His Sacrifice i.e. the owner and planter of the vineyard "went into a far country for a long time" (see What Happened When The Messiah Arrived In Heaven?).
"20:9 Then began he to speak to the people this parable; A certain man planted a vineyard, and let it forth to husbandmen, and went into a far country for a long time. 20:10 And at the season he sent a servant to the husbandmen, that they should give him of the fruit of the vineyard: but the husbandmen beat him, and sent him away empty. 20:11 And again he sent another servant: and they beat him also, and entreated him shamefully, and sent him away empty. 20:12 And again he sent a third: and they wounded him also, and cast him out.
When they couldn't trap Him with religious questions, they then tried to jeopardize Him with a loaded political question: "Is it lawful for us to give tribute unto Caesar?" (see Israel In History and Prophecy: Roman Judea).
A coin, identical to one or the other of those shown, was what the Messiah was using in the Scriptures below. There were two Caesars during the lifetime of the Messiah - Augustus and Tiberius (see A History Of Jerusalem: Pompey And The Caesars to see what both of them actually looked like).
The denarius was a Roman silver coin that is often known as the "penny" of the Bible because of the King James Version translation using that word for it. The denarius was about the size of a present-day Canadian or U.S. dime.
"20:20 And they watched him, and sent forth spies, which should feign themselves just men, that they might take hold of his words, that so they might deliver him unto the power and authority of the governor. 20:21 And they asked him, saying, Master, we know that thou sayest and teachest rightly, neither acceptest thou the person of any, but teachest the way of God truly: 20:22 Is it lawful for us to give tribute unto Caesar, or no?
Despite being the "religious authorities," the Pharisees and Sadducees had major doctrinal differences, as the apostle Paul later also encountered ("23:8 For the Sadducees say that there is no resurrection, neither angel, nor spirit: but the Pharisees confess both" Acts 23:8 KJV). Their lack of understanding was the basis for their illogical question about physical marriage in the spiritual Kingdom of God (see What Was The Lesson Of John 3:16? and No Children In Paradise).
"20:27 Then came to him certain of the Sadducees, which deny that there is any resurrection; and they asked him, 20:28 Saying, Master, Moses wrote unto us, If any man's brother die, having a wife, and he die without children, that his brother should take his wife, and raise up seed unto his brother. 20:29 There were therefore seven brethren: and the first took a wife, and died without children. 20:30 And the second took her to wife, and he died childless. 20:31 And the third took her; and in like manner the seven also: and they left no children, and died. 20:32 Last of all the woman died also. 20:33 Therefore in the resurrection whose wife of them is she? for seven had her to wife.
King David was also one of the major prophets of the Bible - as quoted by the Messiah Himself (see also David's View From The Cross).
"20:41 And he said unto them, How say they that Christ is David's son? 20:42 And David himself saith in the book of Psalms,
This Day In History, May 6
636: (date approximate) The Battle of al-Qadisiyah; a military engagement in which Arab forces defeated the Sasanid Persian Empire (Persia is known today as Iran) and completed the conquest of Iraq.
1527: 40,000 mercenaries, hired by Cardinal Pompeo Colonna, sacked the city of Rome, destroying two-thirds of the houses. They killed clergy and laity alike, and forced Pope Clement VII to flee, disguised as a gardener (see also The Struggle For The Papacy).
1536: In further defiance to the Pope in Rome, King Henry VIII ordered English-language Bibles to be placed in every church in England.
1576: The Peace Treaty of Chastenoy ended "the Fifth War of Religion."
1626: The mythological incident in which a Dutch settler, Peter Minuit, "bought" what is today Manhattan Island from the "Indians" for a handful of trinkets. At most, the native Americans regarded the "purchase" as a simple gift from a visitor; they had no actual custom or legal practice of owning or selling land - they regarded the Earth as owned by the Creator.
1682: King Louis XIV of France moved his court to Versailles.
1757: Frederick II of Prussia attacked Austrian troops defending Prague in the Seven Years War. The attack succeeded and Prague fell with 10,000 Austrian casualties.
1778: Connecticut-born U.S. soldier and frontiersman Ethan Allen was released after being captured in Montreal in 1775 (in which British forces of "New England" invaded the then France-held territory of Quebec i.e. "New France"). After his return, he did not serve in the Revolutionary War of the New England colonies, but devoted his time to local affairs in Vermont, working for separate statehood along with the existing thirteen former colonies. When that didn't happen, he attempted to negotiate the annexation of Vermont to Canada.
1840: The first adhesive postage stamps, the "Penny Black" and the "Twopenny Blue," went on sale in Britain.
1877: About 1,500 Sioux, led by Sitting Bull, entered Canada to settle at Wood Mountain, in present-day Saskatchewan. They fled north after the Battle of The Little Big Horn. The warrior Crazy Horse was the actual Sioux leader of the battle; he later surrendered to stop the retaliatory slaughter of entire Sioux villages, but was bayoneted to death "while trying to escape" Army custody. Instead of being allowed to live on a reservation, as officially agreed by both sides at the time of his surrender, Crazy Horse was taken by "the white devils" (as whites became known to the native Americans) to a common prison where he would have spent the rest of his life in a tiny concrete and steel cage.
1882: British statesman Lord Cavendish was murdered by Irish nationalists soon after arriving in Dublin as chief secretary to the Lord Lieutenant of Ireland.
1884: Judah Benjamin died. In 1852 he became the first professing Jew to be elected to the U.S. Senate, but during the U.S. Civil War he was took the side of the Confederates, serving as Attorney General. He fled the country after the war.
1889: The Eiffel Tower in Paris was completed.
1910: Edward VII, king of Great Britain and Ireland from January 1901, died.
1919: At the end of the First World War (1914-1918; listen to our Sermon The European World Wars), the Paris Peace Conference disposed of Germany's colonies; German East Africa was assigned as a League of nations mandate to Britain and France, while German South-West Africa was mandated to South Africa.
1937: The German airship Hindenburg burned at Lakehurst, New Jersey. 36 people lost their lives.
1942: During the Second World War, Coregidor fell to Japanese invasion forces.
1954: British runner Roger Bannister became the first officially-recorded human to run a mile in under four minutes, recording a time of 3 minutes 59.4 seconds.
1994: Queen Elizabeth and French president Francois Mitterrand officially opened the English Channel tunnel at Folkstone, England. The first fixed link between Britain and the European continent since the Ice Age.
1996: The apparently-drowned body of former CIA director William Colby was found on a riverbank in southern Maryland, eight days after he disappeared.
2001: During an official visit to Syria, Pope John Paul II became the first pope to enter a Muslim mosque (see also A History Of Jerusalem: Constantine and Muhammad).