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Tuesday, May 10 2016

Luke 24: Who Was In The Messiah's Funeral Procession?

"And the women also, which came with Him from Galilee, followed after, and beheld the sepulchre, and how His Body was laid"

Joseph of Arimathea and Nicodemus the Pharisee claimed the Body of the Messiah and placed it in the Tomb (see Joseph and Nicodemus: Making A Stand). But they were not the only people in His funeral procession.

"23:55 And the women also, which came with him from Galilee, followed after, and beheld the sepulchre, and how his body was laid. 23:56 And they returned, and prepared spices and ointments; and rested the sabbath day according to the commandment." (Luke 23:55-56 KJV)

Those women of Galilee, including Mary of Magdala (Magdala was a fishing town on the west coast of the Sea of Galilee), thereafter remained to tend to the Tomb. In so doing, they became the first human witnesses of the Resurrection of the Messiah - after they found the Tomb empty before sunrise on the first day of the week (see Why Did They Find The Tomb Already Empty At Sunrise?; to understand the significance of that particular weekly Sabbath, and the day after it, during the week of Passover / Unleavened Bread, see The Passover To Pentecost Connection).

The Tomb

"24:1 Now upon the first day of the week, very early in the morning, they came unto the sepulchre, bringing the spices which they had prepared, and certain others with them. 24:2 And they found the stone rolled away from the sepulchre.

24:3 And they entered in, and found not the body of the Lord Jesus. 24:4 And it came to pass, as they were much perplexed thereabout, behold, two men stood by them in shining garments: 24:5 And as they were afraid, and bowed down their faces to the earth, they said unto them, Why seek ye the living among the dead? 24:6 He is not here, but is risen: remember how he spake unto you when he was yet in Galilee, 24:7 Saying, The Son of man must be delivered into the hands of sinful men, and be crucified, and the third day rise again.

24:8 And they remembered his words, 24:9 And returned from the sepulchre, and told all these things unto the eleven, and to all the rest. 24:10 It was Mary Magdalene, and Joanna, and Mary the mother of James, and other women that were with them, which told these things unto the apostles. 24:11 And their words seemed to them as idle tales, and they believed them not. 24:12 Then arose Peter, and ran unto the sepulchre; and stooping down, he beheld the linen clothes laid by themselves, and departed, wondering in himself at that which was come to pass." (Luke 24:1-12 KJV)

Emmaus, meaning hot baths, was a village located about 7 miles / 11 kilometers from Jerusalem. Later that day, the risen Messiah appeared to others on the road "to a village called Emmaus, which was from Jerusalem about threescore furlongs."

"24:13 And, behold, two of them went that same day to a village called Emmaus, which was from Jerusalem about threescore furlongs. 24:14 And they talked together of all these things which had happened. 24:15 And it came to pass, that, while they communed together and reasoned, Jesus himself drew near, and went with them. 24:16 But their eyes were holden that they should not know him.

24:17 And he said unto them, What manner of communications are these that ye have one to another, as ye walk, and are sad?

24:18 And the one of them, whose name was Cleopas, answering said unto him, Art thou only a stranger in Jerusalem, and hast not known the things which are come to pass there in these days?

24:19 And he said unto them, What things?

And they said unto him, Concerning Jesus of Nazareth, which was a prophet mighty in deed and word before God and all the people: 24:20 And how the chief priests and our rulers delivered him to be condemned to death, and have crucified him. 24:21 But we trusted that it had been he which should have redeemed Israel: and beside all this, to day is the third day since these things were done. 24:22 Yea, and certain women also of our company made us astonished, which were early at the sepulchre; 24:23 And when they found not his body, they came, saying, that they had also seen a vision of angels, which said that he was alive. 24:24 And certain of them which were with us went to the sepulchre, and found it even so as the women had said: but him they saw not.

24:25 Then he said unto them, O fools, and slow of heart to believe all that the prophets have spoken: 24:26 Ought not Christ to have suffered these things, and to enter into his glory? 24:27 And beginning at Moses and all the prophets, he expounded unto them in all the scriptures the things concerning himself.

24:28 And they drew nigh unto the village, whither they went: and he made as though he would have gone further. 24:29 But they constrained him, saying, Abide with us: for it is toward evening, and the day is far spent. And he went in to tarry with them.

24:30 And it came to pass, as he sat at meat with them, he took bread, and blessed it, and brake, and gave to them. 24:31 And their eyes were opened, and they knew him; and he vanished out of their sight. 24:32 And they said one to another, Did not our heart burn within us, while he talked with us by the way, and while he opened to us the scriptures?

24:33 And they rose up the same hour, and returned to Jerusalem, and found the eleven gathered together, and them that were with them, 24:34 Saying, The Lord is risen indeed, and hath appeared to Simon. 24:35 And they told what things were done in the way, and how he was known of them in breaking of bread." (Luke 24:13-35 KJV)

The Messiah then appeared to the apostles with the command "tarry ye in the city of Jerusalem, until ye be endued with power from on high" - a reference to Pentecost, a day counted (with the ultimate purpose from its original symbolism) from and by the time of the Resurrection of the Messiah (again, carefully consider Pentecost: Unto The Morrow After The Seventh Sabbath).

"24:36 And as they thus spake, Jesus himself stood in the midst of them, and saith unto them, Peace be unto you.

24:37 But they were terrified and affrighted, and supposed that they had seen a spirit. 24:38 And he said unto them, Why are ye troubled? and why do thoughts arise in your hearts? 24:39 Behold my hands and my feet, that it is I myself: handle me, and see; for a spirit hath not flesh and bones, as ye see me have.

24:40 And when he had thus spoken, he shewed them his hands and his feet. 24:41 And while they yet believed not for joy, and wondered, he said unto them, Have ye here any meat? 24:42 And they gave him a piece of a broiled fish, and of an honeycomb. 24:43 And he took it, and did eat before them.

24:44 And he said unto them, These are the words which I spake unto you, while I was yet with you, that all things must be fulfilled, which were written in the law of Moses, and in the prophets, and in the psalms, concerning me.

24:45 Then opened he their understanding, that they might understand the scriptures, 24:46 And said unto them, Thus it is written, and thus it behoved Christ to suffer, and to rise from the dead the third day: 24:47 And that repentance and remission of sins should be preached in his name among all nations, beginning at Jerusalem. 24:48 And ye are witnesses of these things. 24:49 And, behold, I send the promise of my Father upon you: but tarry ye in the city of Jerusalem, until ye be endued with power from on high." (Luke 24:36-49 KJV)

Weeks later, the ascension to Heaven (see the Fact Finder question below).

"24:50 And he led them out as far as to Bethany, and he lifted up his hands, and blessed them. 24:51 And it came to pass, while he blessed them, he was parted from them, and carried up into heaven.

24:52 And they worshipped him, and returned to Jerusalem with great joy: 24:53 And were continually in the temple, praising and blessing God. Amen." (Luke 24:50-53 KJV)

Fact Finder: Where was Bethany?
See The Ascent From Bethany


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This Day In History, May 10

70: During the Siege of Jerusalem, Titus, son of emperor Vespasian, opened a full-scale assault on Jerusalem (see What Did Jesus Christ Say About Those Stones? and A History Of Jerusalem: Titus And The Zealots).

1285: King Philip III of Spain was succeeded by Philip IV.

1291: Scottish nobles acknowledged the royal authority of Edward I of England.

1307: Robert the Bruce, Scottish king fought an English attacking force of cavalry under Aylmer de Valence at the battle of Louden Hill in Ayrshire.

Jacques Cartier 1497: Amerigo Vespucci left Cadiz, Spain for his first voyage to the New World, which would be named "America" after him. In geographic and political reality, all of the people of America, from Canada at the northernmost point of the continent of North America, to Argentina in the southernmost point of the continent of South America, are "Americans."

1503: Christopher Columbus discovered the Cayman Islands. He named them Las Tortugas after the many turtles found there.

1534: French explorer Jacques Cartier landed on Newfoundland.

1655: Jamaica was taken by the British after being held by the Spanish for over 160 years (from the time of the explorations of Christopher Columbus; see the map at Thanksgiving In History and Prophecy).

1773: The Parliament of Britain passed the Tea Act. Its purpose was to save the British East India Company by granting it a monopoly on the North American tea trade.

1774: King Louis XV of France died of smallpox. He became king at the age of five on the death of his great-grandfather, Louis XIV.

1794: Elizabeth, the sister of French King Louis XVI, was beheaded.

1796: Napoleon's Army of Italy defeated the Austrians under Baron Beaulieu at the Battle of Lodi, southeast of Milan. Over 2,000 Austrians were killed or wounded.

1798: British explorer George Vancouver died. He sailed with Captain James Cook to Australia and New Zealand and to the west coast of North America where Vancouver Island and Vancouver B.C. are named after him.

1801: The Barbary pirates of Tripoli declared war on the U.S., thereby beginning the First Barbary War.

1857: The Seepoys of India revolted against the British rule.

1865: Jefferson Davis, President of the Confederacy during the U.S. Civil War, was captured by Union forces.

1871: France and Germany signed a peace treaty in Frankfurt by which France ceded Alsace-Lorraine.

1881: King Carol I, Romania's first king, was crowned ("Carol" and "Carolus" are the Latin basis of what later became the name Germanic and English name Charles).

1933: Nazis in Berlin burned books by Jewish authors, including those by Sigmund Freud and Albert Einstein (see also Presidential Quotes On War, Terrorism, Religion).

1940: Germany invaded Belgium and the Netherlands. Neville Chamberlain resigned as British Prime Minister; Winston Churchill, then first lord of the Admiralty, formed a coalition government with Conservative, Liberal and Labour members.

1941: Nazi government member Rudolf Hess flew a Messerschmitt fighter from Augsburg, Germany and parachuted out near Glasgow, Scotland, with his unauthorized "offer of peace" with Britain. He was imprisoned for the rest of his life.

1948: The Republic of China implemented measures granting President Chiang Kai-shek extended powers to deal with the Communist uprising.

1960: The U.S. nuclear submarine USS Triton completed the first underwater circumnavigation of the Earth.

1981: Francois Mitterrand won the French presidential election and became the first Socialist president of France in the Fifth Republic.

1994: Nelson Mandela was sworn in as South Africa's first black President.

2005: In Tbilisi, Georgia (one of the fifteen former republics of the Soviet Union), a hand grenade thrown at visiting U.S. President George W. Bush landed a few feet from him - but the old Russian-made RGD-5 grenade failed to detonate. The attempted assassin, Vladimir Arutyunian, an Armenian who was born in Georgia, was convicted and sentenced to life in prison.



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