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Thursday, December 8 2016

Paul's Arrival At The Appii Forum And The Three Taverns

"And from thence, when the brethren heard of us, they came to meet us as far as Appii Forum, and the Three Taverns: whom when Paul saw, he thanked God, and took courage"

The apostle Paul's journey to Rome was hardly a vacation. It began with his arrest in Jerusalem on false charges, and then over two years of imprisonment while awaiting his "trial" (see The Court Of Felix - Where Politics Trumps Truth and Porky's Court). When Paul appealed his charges to Caesar, as was the right of all Roman citizens (Paul was a Benjamite of Judah who was born in Roman-occupied Turkey; see Jews - Three Tribes and Three Meanings and Why Didn't The Romans Torture The Apostle Paul?) he was shipped to Rome as a prisoner. The voyage was interrupted by a great storm that caused the ship to fortunately run aground on Malta (see Paul's Cyclone). After months on Malta, Paul continued on, as a prisoner, on another ship.

Paul's arrival and overland journey to Rome are documented in the verses of Acts 28 below and illustrated on the satellite photograph and the map below. The points of his land journey as stated in the Scriptures:

  • Syracuse (verse 12), or in Italian Siracusa, was a major city of Sicily.

  • Rhegium (verse 13), or Reggio di Calabria, is a city on the "toe" of Italy, across from Sicily.

  • Puteoli (verse 13), or Pozzuoli, is a city on the west coast of Italy.

  • The Appii forum (verse 15) was a transit station on the Via Appia, about 70 kilometers south of Rome.

  • The three taverns (verse 15), Italian Tres Tabernae ("three tabernacles"), was a stopping point for travelers on the Appian Way.

Italy

Paul's journey along the west coast of Italy ended with his arrival at Rome. The apostle's arrival did not happen by chance (see Why Was Paul Sent To Rome?).

Italy

"28:11 And after three months we departed in a ship of Alexandria, which had wintered in the isle, whose sign was Castor and Pollux.

28:12 And landing at Syracuse, we tarried there three days. 28:13 And from thence we fetched a compass, and came to Rhegium: and after one day the south wind blew, and we came the next day to Puteoli: 28:14 Where we found brethren, and were desired to tarry with them seven days: and so we went toward Rome. 28:15 And from thence, when the brethren heard of us, they came to meet us as far as Appii forum, and The three taverns: whom when Paul saw, he thanked God, and took courage. 28:16 And when we came to Rome, the centurion delivered the prisoners to the captain of the guard: but Paul was suffered to dwell by himself with a soldier that kept him.

28:17 And it came to pass, that after three days Paul called the chief of the Jews together: and when they were come together, he said unto them, Men and brethren, though I have committed nothing against the people, or customs of our fathers, yet was I delivered prisoner from Jerusalem into the hands of the Romans. 28:18 Who, when they had examined me, would have let me go, because there was no cause of death in me. 28:19 But when the Jews spake against it, I was constrained to appeal unto Caesar; not that I had ought to accuse my nation of. 28:20 For this cause therefore have I called for you, to see you, and to speak with you: because that for the hope of Israel I am bound with this chain.

28:21 And they said unto him, We neither received letters out of Judaea concerning thee, neither any of the brethren that came shewed or spake any harm of thee. 28:22 But we desire to hear of thee what thou thinkest: for as concerning this sect, we know that every where it is spoken against.

28:23 And when they had appointed him a day, there came many to him into his lodging; to whom he expounded and testified the kingdom of God, persuading them concerning Jesus, both out of the law of Moses, and out of the prophets, from morning till evening. 28:24 And some believed the things which were spoken, and some believed not. 28:25 And when they agreed not among themselves, they departed, after that Paul had spoken one word, Well spake the Holy Ghost by Esaias the prophet unto our fathers,

28:26 Saying, Go unto this people, and say, Hearing ye shall hear, and shall not understand; and seeing ye shall see, and not perceive: 28:27 For the heart of this people is waxed gross, and their ears are dull of hearing, and their eyes have they closed; lest they should see with their eyes, and hear with their ears, and understand with their heart, and should be converted, and I should heal them.

28:28 Be it known therefore unto you, that the salvation of God is sent unto the Gentiles, and that they will hear it. 28:29 And when he had said these words, the Jews departed, and had great reasoning among themselves.

28:30 And Paul dwelt two whole years in his own hired house, and received all that came in unto him, 28:31 Preaching the kingdom of God, and teaching those things which concern the Lord Jesus Christ, with all confidence, no man forbidding him." (Acts 28:11-31 KJV)

Fact Finder: What happened that caused some of the true Church of God at Rome to become deceived followers of the Roman Empire's state-religion Church of Rome?
See Paul's Letter To The True Church Of Rome


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This Day In History, December 8

395: China's Murong-Xianbei state Later Yan was defeated by its former vassal Northern Wei at the Battle of Canhe Slope.

757: In China, Du Fu returned to Chang'an as a member of Emperor Xuanzong's royal court, after having escaped the city during the An Lushan Rebellion (see also The First Chinese American War).

China

1432: The first battle between the forces of Svitrigaila and Sigismund Kestutaitis was fought near tOszmiana, thereby beginning the Lithuanian Civil War.

1813: The first public performance of Beethoven's Seventh Symphony.

1854: Pope Pius IX proclaimed the anti-Biblical heresy of the "immaculate conception" of Mary (see What Does The Bible Really Say About Mary?).

1869: The Vatican I Council began in Rome (see Constantine's Crusades In History And Prophecy).

1907: Gustaf V acceded to the Swedish throne.

1912: The German Empire (see The Holy Roman Empire Of The German Nation) held an Imperial War Council of its members to discuss the possibility that war might break out. It did two years later, in the First World War.

German Empire

1914: During the First World War (listen to our Sermon The European World Wars), the German cruisers Scharnhorst, Gneisenau, Nurnberg, and Liepzig were sunk by Britain's Royal Navy at the Battle of the Falkland Islands.

1915: The poem In Flanders Fields first appeared in print, in Punch magazine. It was written by Canadian medical officer Lt. Col. John McCrae at Ypres, Belgium.

1940: During the Second World War, a heavy overnight raid by German bombers on London caused the first serious damage to the House of Commons and the Tower of London.

1941: The first large Nazi death camp, Chelmno, started functioning. There were to be 6 such death camps: Chelmno and Auschwitz in the Polish territories incorporated into Germany, and Treblinka, Sobibor, Majdanek and Belzec in the Polish "General Government" area. Besides these 6 "death camps", there were to be 1,634 "concentration" camps and their satellites, and over 900 "labor" camps. Of the over 8,860,000 Jews in countries of Europe directly or indirectly under German control, over 5,930,000 were murdered during the war (see The Character Assassins and The Terrorist Attack That Enabled Hitler To Become A Dictator; also Presidential Quotes On War, Terrorism, Religion).

1948: South Korea was recognized by the United Nations (see Why Was Korea Divided Into North And South?).

Sea Of Japan

1965: The Vatican II Council officially closed after over 3 years.

1971: During the Indo-Pakistani War, the Indian Navy launched a major attack on West Pakistan's port city of Karachi.

1974: A plebiscite abolished the monarchy in Greece.

1978: Former Israeli Prime Minister Golda Meir died in Jerusalem at age 80.

1980: Former Beatle John Lennon was shot to death at age 40 while entering his apartment building in New York City.

1991: Russia, Byelorussia and the Ukraine formed the Commonwealth of Independent States.

2004: The Cuzco Declaration was signed in Cuzco, Peru. It established the South American Community of Nations.


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Copyright © Wayne Blank