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Thursday, February 2 2017
What Was Peter's Real Name?
"Shimon (she-mone) Cephas (key-phaws) is now commonly known as Simon, or Peter, or Simon Peter - present-day versions of his names that the man himself never knew or heard"
The name "Simon" is the Greek-language of the New Testament version of the Hebrew name Simeon, or more closely in the Hebrew pronunciation, Shimon e.g. a modern-era political leader in Israel, who served terms as President and Prime Minister, was Shimon Perez.
"Simon" (i.e. Shimon) was a relatively common name of that time and place e.g. a Pharisee who invited the Messiah to dinner (Luke 7:36-40; see also Why Did The Messiah Eat With The Pharisees?), the father of Judas Iscariot, the traitor apostle (John 6:71; see also What Did King David Prophesy About Judas Iscariot?), a brother of Jesus (Matthew 13:55; see also Righteous Judas), a healed leper (Matthew 26:6-13; see also Healings Of Man And Nature), Simon the Canaanite, one of the twelve apostles (Matthew 10:2-4; see also The First Jews), Simon Peter, another of the twelve apostles (Matthew 16:17) and others.
"Simon (Simeon, Shimon) Peter" the apostle was called so after the Messiah gave him the additional Hebrew name Cephas (pronounced key-phaws), which is usually rendered in English-language translations as "Peter" - from "Petros," the Greek version of the actual Hebrew name. Shimon (she-mone) Cephas (key-phaws) is now commonly known as Simon, or Peter, or Simon Peter - present-day versions of his names that the man himself never knew or heard.
There was another "Simon" in that New Testament era - a predatory sorcerer who was confront by Simon the true apostle.
"8:9 But there was a certain man, called Simon, which beforetime in the same city used sorcery, and bewitched the people of Samaria, giving out that himself was some great one: 8:10 To whom they all gave heed, from the least to the greatest, saying, This man is the great power of God. 8:11 And to him they had regard, because that of long time he had bewitched them with sorceries. 8:12 But when they believed Philip preaching the things concerning the kingdom of God, and the name of Jesus Christ, they were baptized, both men and women. 8:13 Then Simon himself believed also: and when he was baptized, he continued with Philip, and wondered, beholding the miracles and signs which were done.
This Day In History, February 2
506: Alaric II, king of the Visigoths (a Germanic people), proclaimed the Breviary of Alaric (Breviarium Alaricianum or Lex Romana Visigothorum), a collection of "Roman law" for the Germanic Empire
962: Pope John XII crowned Otto I as the "Holy Roman Emperor" (see Emperors and Popes). When Otto succeeded his father Heinrich (Henry) as German king in 936, the people raised their right hand to show approval and shouted "Sieg und heil" ("victory and salvation") - words revived by Adolf Hitler almost 1,000 years later (see Presidential Quotes On War, Terrorism, Religion). Later historians would view 962 as the beginning of what would later be officially called the Sacrum Romanum Imperium Nationis Germanica ("The Holy Roman Empire of the German Nation"; see The Holy Roman Empire Of The German Nation). The octagonal imperial crown of the "Holy Roman Empire," which was made especially for the coronation of Otto, was the symbol of European unity for centuries afterward. Otto von Habsburg (whose ancestors were some of the "Holy Roman" emperors) called attention to the potential present and future role of that very same crown, which now sits in the Schatzkammer (Royal Treasury) in Vienna, Austria.
1461: The Lancastrians (founded by the son of Henry III, the Earl of Lancaster in 1267) defeated the Yorkists (founded by another son of Henry III, the duke of York) at the second Battle of St. Albans'.
1494: Christopher Columbus began using "Indians" as slaves i.e. native Americans were the first slaves of the "New" World (see Thanksgiving In History and Prophecy and The First Chinese American War).
1509: The Portuguese, led by Francisco de Almeida, destroyed the Muslim fleet in the Battle of Diu, establishing Portuguese control of Indian waters.
1536: Spanish explorer Pedro de Mendoza founded Buenos Aires.
1556: The world's worst earthquake on record, in China's Shaanxi, Shansi and Henan provinces, killed an estimated 830,000 people.
1626: Charles I, the son and successor of James I (after whom the King James Version of the Bible was named), was crowned king of England.
1653: The Dutch established New Amsterdam as a city. After the British took over the colonies that became known as New England, the city was renamed as New York.
1709: British sailor Alexander Selkirk was rescued after being marooned on a desert island for 5 years. His story was the inspiration of Daniel Defoe's Robinson Crusoe.
1808: French forces under Napoleon occupied Rome. Pope Pius VII was arrested and held in custody.
1848: The Treaty of Guadalupe-Hidalgo ended the war between the U.S. and Mexico.
1901: The Funeral of Queen Victoria in St George's Chapel, Windsor Castle. Queen Victoria's reign of 63 years and 7 months is known historically as the Victorian Era
1916: The U.S. Senate granted independence for the Philippines.
1945: During the Second World War, 1,200 British Royal Air Force planes bombed Wiesbaden and Karlsruhe in Germany.
1972: The British Embassy in Dublin was burned down after a day of anti-British demonstrations.
1983: The Strategic Arms Limitation Talks (SALT) resumed in Geneva.
1989: Soviet invasion forces completed their withdrawal from Kabul, Afghanistan.