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Wednesday, April 5 2017

The Roman Empire

"Pax Romana"

The Roman / Western Roman Empire (about 27 BC to 450 AD) existed for a little over four centuries, from the time of the birth of the Messiah - which was about the same duration as the Roman Republic (about 509 BC to 27 BC) in the centuries before it (see The Roman Republic). Rome's military-based empire was typical of many, but not all (e.g. the empires of Greece and Britain were based more upon commerce and building civilizations than mere aggression and ignorance/arrogance) empires before and after it.

Roman Empire

"Pax Romana," from the Latin words meaning Roman peace, was a term used by the Romans whereby they arbitrarily imprisoned or killed anyone who didn't surrender their sovereignty to them i.e. those who defended their country from Roman invasion and interference were regarded, by the Romans, as being aggressive to the Romans. The Messiah was Crucified under "Pax Romana."

The first Roman Emperor was Octavian, who was later entitled Caesar Augustus - the reason that his regime was sometimes called Pax Augusta - the peace of Augustus. A sculptured portrait of Augustus, from the time that he actually lived (63 BC - 14 AD) is shown in the photograph.

Augustus Augustus is recorded in the Holy Bible (see Holy Bible Reading Plan) because of his decree of the census that caused the Messiah to fulfill the prophecy that He would be born in Bethlehem (see A Biography Of Jesus Christ: How Long In Bethlehem?).

"2:1 And it came to pass in those days, that there went out a decree from Caesar Augustus, that all the world should be taxed. 2:2 (And this taxing was first made when Cyrenius was governor of Syria.) 2:3 And all went to be taxed, every one into his own city.

2:4 And Joseph also went up from Galilee, out of the city of Nazareth, into Judaea, unto the city of David, which is called Bethlehem; (because he was of the house and lineage of David:) 2:5 To be taxed with Mary his espoused wife, being great with child. 2:6 And so it was, that, while they were there, the days were accomplished that she should be delivered. 2:7 And she brought forth her firstborn son, and wrapped him in swaddling clothes, and laid him in a manger; because there was no room for them in the inn.

2:8 And there were in the same country shepherds abiding in the field, keeping watch over their flock by night. 2:9 And, lo, the angel of the Lord came upon them, and the glory of the Lord shone round about them: and they were sore afraid. 2:10 And the angel said unto them, Fear not: for, behold, I bring you good tidings of great joy, which shall be to all people. 2:11 For unto you is born this day in the city of David a Saviour, which is Christ the Lord. 2:12 And this shall be a sign unto you; Ye shall find the babe wrapped in swaddling clothes, lying in a manger." (Luke 2:1-12 KJV)

"Herod the Great" was appointed by, and subject to, Augustus, during that time. Herod was the one who attempted to murder the newborn Messiah (see Escape From Herod and The Rachel's Children Prophecy).

"2:1 Now when Jesus was born in Bethlehem of Judaea in the days of Herod the king, behold, there came wise men from the east to Jerusalem [see Why Did The Magi Come?], 2:2 Saying, Where is he that is born King of the Jews? for we have seen his star in the east, and are come to worship him." (Matthew 2:1-2 KJV)

"2:16 Then Herod, when he saw that he was mocked of the wise men, was exceeding wroth, and sent forth, and slew all the children that were in Bethlehem, and in all the coasts thereof, from two years old and under, according to the time which he had diligently inquired of the wise men. 2:17 Then was fulfilled that which was spoken by Jeremy the prophet, saying, 2:18 In Rama was there a voice heard, lamentation, and weeping, and great mourning, Rachel weeping for her children, and would not be comforted, because they are not."

Whether or not he actually intended it to be so, the regime of Julius Caesar was the end of the Roman Republic and the beginning of the Roman Empire.

Julius Caesar Octavian was the grand-nephew of Julius Caesar ("Caesar" began as a family name, but later became a royal, and then an imperial, title - see The Politics Of Rome), but was adopted by Julius Caesar according to the terms of his will. When Julius Caesar was assassinated in 44 BC, during the Roman Republic, right in the Roman Senate by Roman Senators themselves, it sealed the fate of the Roman Republic in the eyes of Octavian. At that point, Rome's most dangerous enemies were found right in their own government as it then existed. Their experiment with a republic was crumbling - and Octavian, the nephew of Rome's murdered "president," had as much reason to hate, as to fear, the treacherous political wolves and jackals of the Capital.

The Roman Republic, in name, continued on in the form of a "trinity" dictatorship. After the assassination of Julius Caesar, the relatively-young Octavian (he was smart enough to bide his time and learn all that he could before he attacked) joined forces with Mark Antony and Marcus Aemilius Lepidus in what was called the Second Triumvirate ("the Second Trinity"). When Octavian was ready, and the time was right, Lepidus was exiled. Marc Antony was then manipulated into the Battle of Actium - a "two birds with one stone" victory for Octavian - he rid himself of Antony and defeated the remnant of the Greek Empire of Alexander the Great in Egypt, which then was ruled by the famous Cleopatra, who had allied herself with Antony (see The Cleopatra Connection).

The Battle of Actium occurred on 2 September 31 BC in the Ionian Sea (located south of the Adriatic Sea, between southern Italy and southern Greece) near the city of Actium, Greece. Octavian's navy was commanded by Marcus Agrippa, while Antony's ships were in formation with those of Cleopatra. When it was over (both Antony and Cleopatra committed suicide when they lost the battle), Octavian was the sole political and military ruler of Rome and all of its territory - plus, with the acquisition of Cleopatra's Egypt, the Roman Empire was born.

With no opposition powerful enough to stop him (Pax Romana wasn't based upon anyone agreeing to it - only being allowed to survive under it), Octavian proclaimed himself the Princeps (which means first citizen, but notice that he was clearly headed for royalty - the word "prince" is based on that Latin title). It was however the Roman Senate (what was left of it) that later declared Octavian the title of "Caesar" - in tribute to Julius Caesar, the man that their members had murdered right in their own democratic legislative chamber.

Caesar Augustus then established the imperial structure that would exist during the human lifetime of Jesus Christ (Augustus ruled at the birth and first half of the human lifetime of the Messiah). Augustus died on 19 August 14 AD - a Roman month named after him (the Roman month of July was named after "Julius" Caesar). "August" was originally called Sextilis, which means sixth, because it was the sixth month in the Roman calendar.

Coins of both Augustus and Tiberius were in common circulation during the ministry of Jesus Christ. It could have been either one that the Messiah spoke of when the Roman-subservient "religious authorities" (see Annas And Caiaphas; also What Was Holy About Herod's Temple? and Through The Eyes Of Josephus) attempted to get the Christ to make an "anti-Roman" statement.

Roman Coins

"22:15 Then went the Pharisees, and took counsel how they might entangle him in his talk. 22:16 And they sent out unto him their disciples with the Herodians, saying, Master, we know that thou art true, and teachest the way of God in truth, neither carest thou for any man: for thou regardest not the person of men. 22:17 Tell us therefore, What thinkest thou? Is it lawful to give tribute unto Caesar, or not?

22:18 But Jesus perceived their wickedness, and said, Why tempt ye me, ye hypocrites? 22:19 Show me the tribute money. And they brought unto him a penny. 22:20 And he saith unto them, Whose is this image and superscription?

22:21 They say unto him, Caesar's.

Then saith he unto them, Render therefore unto Caesar the things which are Caesar's; and unto God the things that are God's.

22:22 When they had heard these words, they marvelled, and left him, and went their way." (Matthew 22:15-22 KJV)

The accusers nevertheless falsely reported the Christ for making political statements against the "Pax Romana" Empire that Caesar Augustus had created.

"23:1 And the whole multitude of them arose, and led him unto Pilate. 23:2 And they began to accuse him, saying, We found this fellow perverting the nation, and forbidding to give tribute to Caesar, saying that he himself is Christ a King.

23:3 And Pilate asked him, saying, Art thou the King of the Jews?

And he answered him and said, Thou sayest it.

23:4 Then said Pilate to the chief priests and to the people, I find no fault in this man.

23:5 And they were the more fierce, saying, He stirreth up the people, teaching throughout all Jewry, beginning from Galilee to this place.

23:6 When Pilate heard of Galilee, he asked whether the man were a Galilaean. 23:7 And as soon as he knew that he belonged unto Herod's jurisdiction, he sent him to Herod, who himself also was at Jerusalem at that time." (Luke 23:1-7 KJV)

Fact Finder: What place does the ancient Roman Empire, and the antichrist "Christian" church that it created, hold in end-time prophecy?
See From What Sea Has The Beast Risen? and Constantine's Crusades In History And Prophecy


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This Day In History, April 5

1081: Alexios I Komnenos became the Byzantine emperor at Constantinople (the city named after the Roman Emperor Constantine; see Constantine's Crusades In History And Prophecy).

1242: The Russian forces repelled an invasion by the Teutonic Knights (see also The Holy Roman Empire Of The German Nation).

1340: Islamic naval forces fought the Spanish in a battle in the Straits of Gibraltar (see also A History Of Jerusalem: Constantine and Muhammad and The Prophet Daniel: Kings Of The North and South).

1355: In Rome, Charles IV was crowned Holy Roman Emperor (see The Holy Roman Empire Of The German Nation).

1513: Holy Roman Emperor Maximilian, King Henry VIII of England, King Ferdinand of Aragon (Catherine of Aragon, the first wife of King Henry VIII of England, was the daughter of King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella of Spain, who employed Christopher Columbus as an explorer) and Pope Leo X signed the Treaty of Mechlin, an alliance to invade France.

1621: The English merchant ship Mayflower (in service 1609 to 1624, a typical 15-year working life of such ships of that era) set sail on its return trip to England from the "New World" (see also The Pilgrims and Thanksgiving In History and Prophecy).

The Mayflower

1710: The Statute of Anne was granted Royal Assent to establish the Copyright Law of the United Kingdom.

1795: The Treaty of Basel between France and Prussia was signed during the French Revolutionary War.

1843: Queen Victoria proclaimed Hong Kong as a British crown colony.

1879: Chile declared war on Bolivia and Peru, thereby starting the War of the Pacific.

1896: The modern-day Olympic Games began, in Athens.

1900: Archaeologists in Knossos, Crete, discovered a large cache of clay tablets with hieroglyphic writing in a script they called Linear B.

1943: During the Second World War (1939-1945), a bungling U.S. warplane killed 900 civilians, including 209 children, when it bombed the Belgian town (Belgium was invaded and occupied by Nazi Germany) of Mortsel, rather than the intended target, a Nazi-occupied factory over a kilometer away.

1951: Julius and Ethel Rosenberg were sentenced to death for giving U.S. atomic secrets to Russia.

1955: Winston Churchill resigned as British Prime Minister. He was succeeded by Anthony Eden.

Winston Churchill

1974: The 110-story World Trade Center opened in New York.

1975: Chiang Kai-shek, Chinese military and political leader, died. He fled to Taiwan after his Nationalist forces lost the Chinese civil war against the communists under Mao Zedong in 1949.

China

1989: The Polish government legalized the Solidarity union, and allowed democracy in government.

2009: North Korea launched a nuclear-capable Kwangmyongsong-2 rocket that passed over Japan.





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Copyright © Wayne Blank