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Wednesday, September 13 2017
Biblical Eras: From Babylon To Jerusalem - Again
"Now in the first year of Cyrus king of Persia, that the word of the LORD by the mouth of Jeremiah might be fulfilled, the LORD stirred up the spirit of Cyrus king of Persia, that he made a proclamation throughout all his kingdom, and put it also in writing, saying ... Who is there among you of all his people? His God be with him, and let him go up to Jerusalem, which is in Judah, and build the house of the LORD God of Israel"
The ancient "fertile crescent" route ran between the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers of Babylon (known today as Iraq), up through Syria, then down along the land of Israel and into the Nile delta and valley of Egypt - people used it both ways (see also Children Of Ham - The Origin Of Egypt And Iraq). It was a natural civilization, agricultural and travel route that avoided the vast desert areas of Arabia (see also Paul's Geography Lesson).
The "fertile crescent" was the route of Israel's origins (see Biblical Eras: The Messiah's Covenants With The Two Men Of Iraq and Biblical Eras: 400 Years Of Israel's Prosperity In Egypt and A Biography Of Jacob: The Jacobites Of Syria), as well as the back and forth routes of the subsequent history of Israel and Judah.
When the northern Kingdom of Israel (see Biblical Eras: The Kingdoms Of North and South - Israel and Judah) became corrupt, the LORD had them exiled back to the northern section of Babylon i.e. Assyria. From then on, they became and remain to this day, the "lost ten tribes" of Israel (see Biblical Eras: The Lost Ten Tribes Of Israel - Why?).
The southern Kingdom of Judah lasted over a century longer before they too became a nation of idol-loving fools. So the LORD had them exiled back to Babylon too. By that time however, the Assyrian Empire that exiled the northern Kingdom of Israel had itself fallen to the Babylonian Empire, so it was the Babylonian Empire that was used to destroy the Kingdom of Judah (see Biblical Eras: Babylon - Back To The Beginning).
The corrupt generation of Judah were given a death sentence of exile (just as the rebels in the Sinai had been given a forty year wandering death sentence; see Biblical Eras: Why 40 Years In The Sinai?) - seventy years in Babylon, so that when the time came for Judah to return, none of the corrupt ones would be among them. Ironically, those who went home to Jerusalem had never been there before.
Judah's return was facilitated by the Persian Empire (Persia is known today as Iran) that had conquered the Babylonian Empire - exactly as prophesied long before, even identifying the Persian King by name before he was even born (see The Prophecies Of Cyrus of Persia). The return happened under the successive leadership of Zerubbabel, Nehemiah and Ezra (see the Fact Finder question below).
This Day In History, September 13
585 BC: Lucius Tarquinius Priscus, the king of Rome (see also The Politics Of Rome), defeated the Sabines, an Italic tribe of ancient Italy.
509 BC: The pagan temple of Jupiter ("enlightened" scientists of the modern world named a planet after that pagan god) on Rome's Capitoline Hill (see also Israel In History and Prophecy: Aelia Capitolina) was dedicated on the ides of September (the term ides was used for the 15th day of the Roman months of March, May, July and October, and the 13th day of the other months).
81: The Roman Emperor Titus (reigned 79-81) died at age 42. As a military commander before succeeding his father Vespasian, it was Titus who conducted the destruction of Jerusalem and the Temple in 70 A.D. (see A History Of Jerusalem: Titus And The Zealots and What Did Jesus Christ Say About Those Stones?).
122: Construction began of Hadrian's Wall in Britain during the time the island was under Roman occupation. Named after the emperor Hadrian (reigned 117-138), parts of the 120 kilometer (75 mile) wall remain visible today. Roman legions were occupying Britain at the same time that they occupied the land of Israel when Christ was crucified (see A History Of Jerusalem: Hadrian and Simon bar Kokhba and Legions Of Men And Angels).
335: The Roman Emperor Constantine consecrated Rome's "Church of the Holy Sepulchre" in Jerusalem. Constantine was the creator of the Papacy and numerous of the Church of Rome's doctrines, most of which are also perpetuated by the "Protestant" churches (see Constantine's Crusades In History And Prophecy and A History Of Jerusalem: Constantine and Muhammad).
533: The Battle of Ad Decimium, near Carthage in North Africa. General Belisarius of the Byzantine Empire defeated Gelimer and the Vandals (the term "vandalism" originated from the ancient Vandals who looted cities that they conquered).
1321: Italian playwright Dante Alighieri died. His farce Divine Comedy was the inspiration for much of the Vatican's development of the false doctrine of an ever-burning hell fire (see The Lake Of Fire Into An Ocean Of Fire - When?) and the non-existent Purgatory.
1515: King Francis of France battled the Swiss army under Cardinal Matthias Schiner at Marignano in northern Italy.
1549: Pope Paul III ended the first session of the Council of Bologna.
1609: Henry Hudson entered what would later be named New York harbor and claimed the area for Holland (Hudson was working for the Dutch at the time).
1759: The Battle of The Plains of Abraham, fought at the western edge of Quebec City, overlooking the St. Lawrence River. The English under James Wolfe, 32, defeated the French under the Marquis de Montcalm, 47, ending the "French and Indian Wars" and settling the political future of Canada. Both leaders were killed. The place is named for Abraham Martin, a ship's pilot who owned part of the land.
1788: New York City (both the city and the state were originally named after England's 17th century Duke of York, James Stuart, who became King James II of England in 1685) was declared the first federal capital of the U.S.
1922: The highest recorded shade temperature, 58 degrees Celsius / 136 degrees Fahrenheit, was recorded at Al Aziziyah, Libya.
1941: Elias Disney, the Canadian father of Walt Disney (his mother was a German immigrant), died at age 82.
1942: During the Second World War (1939-1945), the German army began its all-out attack on Stalingrad against stiff Soviet resistance (see Russia Or Europe - Who Has Been The Invader?).
1961: NASA launched into orbit, and later recovered, an unmanned Project Mercury capsule in preparation for the first U.S. manned orbital flight (the Russians were the first to launch a man into space - Yuri Gagarin, earlier that year, on April 12 1961), which took place the next February by John Glenn (Glenn was the third human to orbit the earth).
1991: Russia and the U.S. agreed to cut off arms supplies to the warring tribes in Afghanistan (both took their turn at invading and attempting to install puppet regimes Afghanistan - Russia in 1979, the U.S. in 2001).