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Tuesday, October 17 2017
The Two Sides Of The Ten Commandments
"Moses turned, and went down from the mount, and the two tables of the testimony were in his hand: the tables were written on both their sides; on the one side and on the other were they written"
The tables of stone upon which the LORD (see A Biography Of Jesus Christ: The LORD God Of Creation) wrote The Ten Commandments are world famous. Millions of people have heard of them over the centuries, but ironically most people, including most Christians and Jews, would not recognize them if they saw them.
The first surprise, to many, is the actual size of The Ten Commandments stones. While Moses (see Biblical Eras: The Exodus In History and Prophecy and Biblical Eras: Why 40 Years In The Sinai?; see also Why Weren't The Descendants Of Moses In The Lost Ten Tribes?) may have been a very strong and fit man, he could not have carried one, let alone both of them, if they were the "grave stone" size objects that are typically portrayed. An average gravestone-sized rock can weigh over 1,000 pounds. Even relatively smaller 3-inch thick, 12 by 18 inch ground markers can weigh well over 100 pounds.
According to the actual Biblical account, notice that Moses was able to easily carry the tables of stone "in his hand" as he walked all the way down the steep path of Mount Sinai with them (see also The Prophecy Of Mount Sinai In Arabia).
"32:15 And Moses turned, and went down from the mount, and the two tables of the testimony were in his hand: the tables were written on both their sides; on the one side and on the other were they written. 32:16 And the tables were the work of God, and the writing was the writing of God, graven upon the tables." (Exodus 32:15-16 KJV)
Notice also from the verses quoted above that The Ten Commandments were written on both sides of the tables of stone. Rarely are The Ten Commandments illustrated in the way that they actually exist. If they were ever publicly displayed, they could not be wall-mounted, but rather placed in such a way that people could walk around them to read both sides.
From a visual perspective, The Ten Commandments were in four parts, on both sides of two tables of stone: "the tables were written on both their sides; on the one side and on the other were they written." The Holy Bible provides no indication of that "table of contents."
There were two sets of identical tables of stone made. The first set lasted only briefly. The second set will last forever.
The first set was broken immediately when Moses returned and found the people running wild around the calf idol that they had made (see The Mount Sinai Riot). But again, indicative of their actual size and weight, Moses threw them (he didn't just drop them as he would have done with something very heavy) with such force that they shattered on the ground. As such, the tables of stone would have been much closer to the thickness of a blackboard or billiard table slate than a gravestone granite. Engraving on stone does not require great thickness - they were about the message, not the mere medium upon which they were written.
"32:19 And it came to pass, as soon as he came nigh unto the camp, that he saw the calf, and the dancing: and Moses' anger waxed hot, and he cast the tables out of his hands, and brake them beneath the mount." (Exodus 32:19 KJV)
The LORD then commanded Moses to cut a second set of the tables of stone (the LORD cut the first set), carry them back up onto Mount Sinai, from which the LORD re-wrote the Ten Commandments just as He had done on the first set.
"34:1 And the LORD said unto Moses, Hew thee two tables of stone like unto the first: and I will write upon these tables the words that were in the first tables, which thou brakest. 34:2 And be ready in the morning, and come up in the morning unto mount Sinai, and present thyself there to me in the top of the mount." (Exodus 34:1-2 KJV)
Notice again, in reference to their size and weight, Moses "took in his hand the two tables of stone."
"34:4 And he hewed two tables of stone like unto the first; and Moses rose up early in the morning, and went up unto mount Sinai, as the LORD had commanded him, and took in his hand the two tables of stone. 34:5 And the LORD descended in the cloud, and stood with him there, and proclaimed the name of the LORD." (Exodus 34:4-5 KJV)
Fact Finder: Why is the reading of The Ten Commandments recorded twice in the Holy Scriptures?
This Day In History, October 17
456: Western Roman emperor Avitus was forced by Ricimer (a Roman general of German birth; see The Holy Roman Empire Of The German Nation) to abdicate and to become bishop of Placentia.
1244: The Sixth Crusade ended when the army of Franks was defeated by the Egyptians at Gaze (see Constantine's Crusades In History And Prophecy).
1346: David II of Scotland, in attempting a military diversion on behalf of Philip VI to relieve the siege of Calais, was wounded and captured by Edward III.
1448: The Second Battle of Kosovo. The Hungarian army led by John Hunyadi was defeated by Ottoman forces led by Sultan Murad II.
1456: The University of Greifswald was established, making it the second-oldest university in northern Europe.
1483: Pope Sixtus IV began the Spanish Inquisition, placing it under joint direction of the Church and state. Tomas de Torquemada, 63, was appointed Grand Inquisitor in charge of removing Jews and Muslims from Spain.
1529: King Henry VIII of England removed Thomas Wolsey from office for failing to secure an annulment of his marriage.
1797: The Treaty of Campo Formio, a peace accord between France and Austria, was signed.
1868: Laura Secord died at age 93. A Canadian heroine of the War of 1812 (1812-1814), she warned British forces of a major impending U.S. attack on southern Ontario. After learning about the attack when they invaded her home, where she was tending to her wounded husband, she then ran 20 miles overnight through woods and swamp to report their presence. Her action led to the British victory at the Battle of Beaver Dams on June 24 1813 where 500 U.S. invaders, including their wounded commander, were taken prisoner.
1907: Guglielmo Marconi's company began the first commercial transatlantic wireless service, between Glace Bay, Nova Scotia, Canada and Clifden, Ireland.
1910: The first major warship of the new Royal Canadian Navy, HMS Niobe, was commissioned at Halifax, Nova Scotia.
1933: German-born Albert Einstein arrived in the U.S. as a Jewish refugee from the growing Nazi threat in Europe (see also The Terrorist Attack That Enabled Hitler To Become A Dictator and What Did A Father Of Democracy Predict About It?).
1941: A German submarine torpedoed the U.S. destroyer Kearney off the coast of Iceland, killing 11 of the crew.
1956: Queen Elizabeth officially opened the Britain's first nuclear power station at Calder Hall in Cumbria. Calder Hall was the first nuclear station to supply an appreciable amount of power into a civilian network.
1970: President Anwar Sadat was sworn in as President of Egypt in succession to Gamal Abdel Nasser.
1970: Pierre Laporte, a Quebec cabinet minister, was kidnapped and murdered by Quebec separation terrorists.
1973: Arab oil producers increased oil prices and cut back production in response to U.S. support of Israel during the Yom Kippur War.
1989: The biennial conference of the 103 nation Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species settled on a world-wide ban on ivory trading.
1989: An earthquake measuring 6.9 on the Richter Scale struck the San Francisco area. 66 people were killed in the area, and damage was estimated at $10 billion.
1994: Israel and Jordan signed a peace treaty, formally ending their 46-year state of war.
1997: Cuba re-buried the remains of leftist guerrilla Ernesto "Che" Guevara, as a national hero, 30 years after his execution in Bolivia (see also Why Are Politicians Called Left Or Right? and When Do Liberals Become Conservatives?).