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Sunday, October 22 2017
The Mothers Of The Patriarchs: Zilpah
Studies In This Series:
"And the sons of Zilpah, Leah's handmaid; Gad, and Asher"
Zilpah, from the Hebrew name pronounced zeel-paw, was a servant of Laban (see Jacob In Syria) who was given to Laban's daughter Leah as a wedding present.
As with Leah's sister Rachel's servant Bilhah, who was given by Laban in the same way, the "gifts" provided unintended consequences later - even though both Rachel and Leah wanted their servants to become mothers of some of Jacob's children (the LORD had not yet renamed Jacob as Israel - that happened when the family group was leaving Syria for the land of Canaan; see The Origin Of Israel).
For Zilpah, it meant that she eventually became the mother of two of the Israelite patriarchs - Gad and Asher.
"29:22 And Laban gathered together all the men of the place, and made a feast. 29:23 And it came to pass in the evening, that he took Leah his daughter, and brought her to him; and he went in unto her. 29:24 And Laban gave unto his daughter Leah Zilpah his maid for an handmaid.
The formal order of Jacob's marriages to the four women were:
They had their first children in a slightly different order - which in itself was the cause of converting two servants into two more wives:
It was Leah's choice to make her servant Zilpah into another wife of Jacob.
"30:9 When Leah saw that she had left bearing, she took Zilpah her maid, and gave her Jacob to wife. 30:10 And Zilpah Leah's maid bare Jacob a son. 30:11 And Leah said, A troop cometh: and she called his name Gad.
Rachel, Bilhah and Zilpah each gave birth to two Israelite patriarchs, while Leah was the mother of six Israelite patriarchs, plus Israel's only daughter, Dinah (see Dinah).
"35:23 The sons of Leah; Reuben, Jacob's firstborn, and Simeon, and Levi, and Judah, and Issachar, and Zebulun:
There was a span of over twenty years from the oldest (Reuben) to the youngest (Benjamin) of Jacob's children, but their conflicts were based most-often on who their mother was e.g. "Joseph, being seventeen years old, was feeding the flock with his brethren; and the lad was with the sons of Bilhah, and with the sons of Zilpah, his father's wives: and Joseph brought unto his father their evil report."
"37:1 And Jacob dwelt in the land wherein his father was a stranger, in the land of Canaan.
By the time that the Israelites entered Egypt to begin their 400 year stay (see Biblical Eras: 400 Years Of Israel's Prosperity In Egypt), Zilpah was a grandmother - her two sons Gad and Asher had over a dozen children of their own.
"46:16 And the sons of Gad; Ziphion, and Haggi, Shuni, and Ezbon, Eri, and Arodi, and Areli.
Fact Finder: Who will be the prophesied 144,000?
This Day In History, October 22
362: The temple of Apollo at Daphne, outside Antioch (there were many others in other cities throughout the ancient Mediterranean area), was destroyed by fire (see also Paul's Letter To The True Church Of Rome).
741: Charles Martel died at age 53. The rulership of Gaul was divided between his two sons Pepin III and Carloman (see map below). Pepin became the first of the Carolingians, the family of Charles Martel, to become king. Martel's grandson, Charlemagne, extended the Frankish dominions to include much of the West, and became the first Emperor since the fall of Rome (see The Holy Roman Empire Of The German Nation). The Islamic prophesied "King of the South" already existed in the time of Charles Martel (see map above and The Prophet Daniel: Kings Of The North and South).
794: Emperor Kanmu relocated the capital of Japan to Heiankyo, now known as Kyoto (see also Why Was Korea Divided Into North And South?).
1633: The Ming dynasty of China (1368-1644) defeated the Dutch East India Company in the Battle of Liaoluo Bay.
1707: The Scilly naval disaster. Four British Royal Navy ships ran aground near the Isles of Scilly because of faulty navigation. Admiral Sir Cloudesley Shovell and thousands of sailors were drowned.
1721: Peter the Great became czar (czar is the Russian form of "Caesar," as is the German kaiser) of all Russia.
1764: The Battle of Baksar, fought between the East India Company's forces and those of the Mughals. The decisive battle confirmed the British control of Bengal.
1784: Russia founded a colony on Kodiak Island, Alaska. Russia sold Alaska to the U.S.A. in 1867.
1797: The first successful parachute jump was made by Andre-Jacques Garnerin, from a balloon over Paris, France.
1836: Sam Houston became the first "President of the Republic of Texas" (unlike the "New England" States, Texas, which remained part of Mexico in 1776, rebelled against Mexico about 50 years later).
1844: The date predicted by religious leader William Miller (Ellen White's "Seventh Day Adventist" organization, Herbert Armstrong's "Worldwide Church of God" and the present-day "Sacred Name" movement were among a number of early 20th Century offshoots of the Miller movement) when the Return of Jesus Christ would occur. Among the many thousands of his followers, the day became known as the "Great Disappointment." Miller and his followers chose to ignore the only Biblically-stated proof that Christ's return would soon happen - the beginning of the 42 month miraculous ministry of the "two witnesses," immediately after which Christ's return will happen (see The Two Signs Of Christ's Return; also Could Christ Return Tonight?).
1859: Spain declared war on the Moors in Morocco.
1952: The complete Jewish Torah was published in English for the first time.
1954: West Germany joined the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO).
1954: After Geneva accords conceded Communist control over North Vietnam (Vietnam was divided into North and South by France in its failed effort to make Vietnam a French colony), U.S. President Dwight Eisenhower authorized U.S. training of the South Vietnamese Army (the U.S. replaced the colonial involvement of France in Vietnam). The U.S. "advisors" soon became the primary combatants in that Vietnamese civil war; it ended in the 1970s with North and South Vietnam re-unified into a single nation that had existed for centuries before French and U.S. interference.
1966: The Soviet Union launched Luna 12 to orbit the moon.
1975: The Soviet unmanned spacecraft Venera 9 landed on Venus.
1979: The exiled Shah of Iran (a brutal, undemocratic dictator who had been supported by the U.S. for decades because he was "pro-western") arrived in the U.S. for medical treatment. In response, Iranian revolutionaries invaded the U.S. embassy in Tehran, thereby beginning the Iranian Hostage Crisis, demanding the return of the Shah in exchange for the U.S. diplomats/CIA agents.
2008: India launched its first unmanned lunar mission, Chandrayaan-1.