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Friday, December 1 2017
Hometowns: Ur Of The Chaldees
"Terah took Abram his son, and Lot the son of Haran his son's son, and Sarai his daughter in law, his son Abram's wife; and they went forth with them from Ur of the Chaldees, to go into the land of Canaan"
"Chaldea" (as it was rendered into English) was an ancient name for the southern area of Babylonia, or lower Mesopotamia (although also identified as distinct from them, as shown on the map below). Chaldea was located primarily along the area south of the Euphrates River ("Mesopotamia" means "between the rivers"), but the designation (depending on the results or politics or war; see also The Medes And Chaldees Prophecies) was also used for the whole of the Mesopotamian plain, corresponding today with southern and central Iraq (see also Biblical Eras: The Messiah's Covenants With The Two Men Of Iraq).
Chaldea was a vast rich-soil plain formed by the deposits of the Euphrates and the Tigris rivers, extending for about 650 kilometers / 400 miles along the river courses. An intricate network of canals made the region as lush and productive as that found along the Nile in Egypt (see also Children Of Ham - The Origin Of Egypt And Iraq).
From the Biblical perspective, Chaldea was a part of Eden (the "hometown" of all of humanity). Later, it was the center of power for the Babylonian Empire (see Biblical Eras: Babylon - Back To The Beginning), while to the north had been the Assyrian Empire (see Biblical Eras: The Lost Ten Tribes Of Israel - Why?).
Abram, who the LORD (see A Biography Of Jesus Christ: The LORD God Of Creation) later renamed as Abraham, and Sarai, who the LORD later renamed as Sarah, were born in Ur, a major city of Chaldea i.e. "Ur of the Chaldees."
"11:27 Now these are the generations of Terah: Terah begat Abram, Nahor, and Haran; and Haran begat Lot. 11:28 And Haran died before his father Terah in the land of his nativity, in Ur of the Chaldees.
After his father Terah died in Haran in Syria (see also The Syrian Connection), Abraham then continued on from Haran to the land of Canaan.
"15:1 After these things the word of the LORD came unto Abram in a vision, saying, Fear not, Abram: I am thy shield, and thy exceeding great reward.
Fact Finder: Who was Abraham? What was he given to do?
This Day In History, December 1
800: Charlemagne presided over the charges laid against Pope Leo III by the Romans. Later known as the "Father of Europe" (Pater Europae) Charlemagne's Germanic "Roman" Empire (see The Holy Roman Empire Of The German Nation) united most of Western Europe for the first time since fall of the original Roman Empire centuries before (see A History Of Jerusalem: Pompey And The Caesars).
1135: King Henry I of England died.
1145: Pope Eugene III proclaimed the Second Crusade (see Constantine's Crusades In History And Prophecy). It was undertaken by King Louis VII of France and Emperor Conrad III from 1147 to 1149 (see also Emperors and Popes).
1553: The Imperial Chamber at Speyer outlawed Albert (Albrecht) II, and he sought asylum in France.
1640: In a nationalist revolution, Spanish garrisons were driven out of Portugal. Two weeks later, the Duke of Braganca was crowned as John IV.
1742: Empress Elizabeth ordered all Jews out of Russia.
1821: The Dominican Republic declared independence from Spain.
1822: Dom Pedro became the first emperor of Brazil.
1906: The Cinema Omnia Pathe, considered to be the world's first cinema, opened in Paris.
1913: Crete, after having achieved independence from Turkey after the First Balkan War, was annexed by Greece.
1918: The Danish Parliament passed an act granting independence to Iceland.
1918: The union of Transylvania and Romania was declared.
1918: Alexander I proclaimed the creation of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes (see also The Assassination That Triggered Two World Wars).
1925: The Pact of Locarno was signed by France, Belgium, Germany, Britain and Italy in Switzerland. Although it guaranteed peace and inviolable frontiers in Europe, the signers were involved in World War Two less than 15 years later (listen also to our Sermon The European World Wars).
1959: 12 countries signed a treaty to make Antarctica a scientific preserve with no territorial claims.
1973: David Ben-Gurion (born in Poland as David Gruen), present-day Israel's (see Israel In History and Prophecy: Israel Of Judah) first Prime Minister, died at age 87 (see Israel In History and Prophecy: Balfour Declaration).
1989: Mikhail Gorbachev became the first Soviet leader to visit the Vatican and meet the Pope.
1990: Workers digging the English Channel tunnel broke through the last section, opening Britain to the continent for the first time since the Ice Age.