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Friday, December 8 2017
Hometowns: The Cities Of Cyprus
"And some of them were men of Cyprus and Cyrene, which, when they were come to Antioch, spake unto the Grecians, preaching the Lord Jesus"
Cyprus, from the Greek word pronounced kupros, meaning copper, is a prominent land mass in the northeastern Mediterranean Sea, located south of Turkey and west of Israel. With an area of about 240 kilometers / 150 miles long and 65 kilometers / 40 miles wide, Cyprus is one of the largest islands in the Mediterranean Sea.
As its name indicates, Cyprus has extensive copper deposits that attracted many imperial powers to the island over the past 3,000 years (just as oil, and then arms sales to those oil-rich nations, drew the imperial powers to the Middle East in the twentieth century). In their turn, ancient Egyptians, Assyrians, Phoenicians, Hittites, Greeks and Romans all ruled the island (see The Empires Of Bible History And Prophecy).
People of Cyprus became some of the earliest of believers (see Where Believers Were First Called Christians). Among them was Joses of Cyprus, who is better known by his given surname "Barnabas."
"4:32 And the multitude of them that believed were of one heart and of one soul: neither said any of them that ought of the things which he possessed was his own; but they had all things common. 4:33 And with great power gave the apostles witness of the resurrection of the Lord Jesus: and great grace was upon them all.
Salamis was the city on the southeast coast of Cyprus where Paul and Barnabas (see the Fact Finder question below) began their preaching journey across the island. They later arrived at Paphos, which was located on the west coast.
Paphos was the designated capital city and therefore the seat of the Roman governor, at that time a man named Sergius Paulus. The King James Version describes him as "the deputy of the country," a term for the Roman proconsul. A proconsul was a provincial governor of consular rank in the Roman Republic and Roman Empire (proconsul is an abbreviation of provincial and consular). Although most of the Roman governors were arrogant, brutish men, Sergius Paulus apparently became a Christian.
"13:4 So they, being sent forth by the Holy Ghost, departed unto Seleucia; and from thence they sailed to Cyprus.
Many other people from Cyprus became prominent Christians. Among them too was "Mnason of Cyprus, an old disciple" and numerous others who are not named.
"11:20 And some of them were men of Cyprus and Cyrene, which, when they were come to Antioch, spake unto the Grecians, preaching the Lord Jesus." (Acts 11:20 KJV)
Fact Finder: What did "hometowns" have to do with the first missionary journey of Paul and Barnabas?
This Day In History, December 8
395: China's Murong-Xianbei state Later Yan was defeated by its former vassal Northern Wei at the Battle of Canhe Slope.
757: In China, Du Fu returned to Chang'an as a member of Emperor Xuanzong's royal court, after having escaped the city during the An Lushan Rebellion (see also The First Chinese American War).
1432: The first battle between the forces of Svitrigaila and Sigismund Kestutaitis was fought near toszmiana, thereby beginning the Lithuanian Civil War.
1813: The first public performance of Beethoven's Seventh Symphony.
1854: Pope Pius IX proclaimed the anti-Biblical heresy of the "immaculate conception" of Mary (see What Does The Bible Really Say About Mary?).
1869: The Vatican I Council began in Rome (see Constantine's Crusades In History And Prophecy).
1907: Gustaf V acceded to the Swedish throne.
1912: The German Empire (see The Holy Roman Empire Of The German Nation) held an Imperial War Council of its members to discuss the possibility that war might break out. It did two years later, in the First World War.
1914: During the First World War (1914-1918; see also The Assassination That Triggered Two World Wars), the German cruisers Scharnhorst, Gneisenau, Nurnberg, and Liepzig were sunk by Britain's Royal Navy at the Battle of the Falkland Islands.
1915: The poem In Flanders Fields first appeared in print, in Punch magazine. It was written by Canadian medical officer Lt. Col. John McCrae at Ypres, Belgium.
1940: During the Second World War (1939-1945), a heavy overnight raid by German bombers on London caused the first serious damage to the House of Commons and the Tower of London.
1941: The first large Nazi death camp, Chelmno, started functioning. There were to be 6 such death camps: Chelmno and Auschwitz in the Polish territories incorporated into Germany, and Treblinka, Sobibor, Majdanek and Belzec in the Polish "General Government" area. Besides these 6 "death camps", there were to be 1,634 "concentration" camps and their satellites, and over 900 "labor" camps. Of the over 8,860,000 Jews in countries of Europe directly or indirectly under German control, over 5,930,000 were murdered during the war (see The Character Assassins and The Terrorist Attack That Enabled Hitler To Become A Dictator; also Presidential Quotes On War, Terrorism, Religion).
1948: South Korea was recognized by the United Nations (see Why Was Korea Divided Into North And South?).
1965: The Vatican II Council officially closed after over 3 years.
1971: During the Indo-Pakistani War, the Indian Navy launched a major attack on West Pakistan's port city of Karachi.
1974: A plebiscite abolished the monarchy in Greece.
1978: Former Israeli Prime Minister Golda Meir died in Jerusalem at age 80.
1980: Former Beatle John Lennon was shot to death at age 40 while entering his apartment building in New York City.
1991: Russia, Byelorussia and the Ukraine formed the Commonwealth of Independent States.
2004: The Cuzco Declaration was signed in Cuzco, Peru. It established the South American Community of Nations.