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Thursday, January 11 2018

Children Of King David: Amnon

"Then Amnon hated her exceedingly; so that the hatred wherewith he hated her was greater than the love wherewith he had loved her"

Ahinoam, the English-language rendering of the Hebrew name pronounced awk-ee-no-awm, was a woman of Jezreel (a northern city of Israel within the allotted territory of the tribe of Issachar; see also The Israel Lottery) who became a wife of King David (not to be confused with another woman named Ahinoam who was a wife of King Saul i.e. "the name of Saul's wife was Ahinoam, the daughter of Ahimaaz" 1 Samuel 14:50 KJV). Ahinoam of Jezreel was the mother of David's firstborn son, Amnon.

"3:2 And unto David were sons born in Hebron: and his firstborn was Amnon, of Ahinoam the Jezreelitess; 3:3 And his second, Chileab, of Abigail the wife of Nabal the Carmelite; and the third, Absalom the son of Maacah the daughter of Talmai king of Geshur; 3:4 And the fourth, Adonijah the son of Haggith; and the fifth, Shephatiah the son of Abital; 3:5 And the sixth, Ithream, by Eglah David's wife. These were born to David in Hebron." (2 Samuel 3:2-5 KJV)

King David had many wives and many children. It was a complex family situation that produced seemingly-endless competitive and predatory problems - some political, some just plain barbaric lust. One of the most infamous incidents was Amnon's assault of his half-sister Tamar.

Amnon developed an incestuous lust for his half-sister ("I love Tamar, my brother Absalom's sister"). When his degenerate desire became known to "Jonadab, the son of Shimeah David's brother" (i.e. Jonadab and Amnon were first-cousins), apparently equally-degenerate Jonadab ("Jonadab was a very subtil man") devised a sexual ambush for Tamar.

Tamar

"13:1 And it came to pass after this, that Absalom the son of David had a fair sister, whose name was Tamar; and Amnon the son of David loved her.

13:2 And Amnon was so vexed, that he fell sick for his sister Tamar; for she was a virgin; and Amnon thought it hard for him to do any thing to her.

13:3 But Amnon had a friend, whose name was Jonadab, the son of Shimeah David's brother: and Jonadab was a very subtil man. 13:4 And he said unto him, Why art thou, being the king's son, lean from day to day? wilt thou not tell me?

And Amnon said unto him, I love Tamar, my brother Absalom's sister.

13:5 And Jonadab said unto him, Lay thee down on thy bed, and make thyself sick: and when thy father cometh to see thee, say unto him, I pray thee, let my sister Tamar come, and give me meat, and dress the meat in my sight, that I may see it, and eat it at her hand." (2 Samuel 13:1-5 KJV)

When good-intentioned Tamar came to tend to her supposedly sick brother (he was sick, but not in the way that he faked), he attacked her. His lust then immediately turned to hate: "Then Amnon hated her exceedingly; so that the hatred wherewith he hated her was greater than the love wherewith he had loved her."

"13:6 So Amnon lay down, and made himself sick: and when the king was come to see him, Amnon said unto the king, I pray thee, let Tamar my sister come, and make me a couple of cakes in my sight, that I may eat at her hand.

13:7 Then David sent home to Tamar, saying, Go now to thy brother Amnon's house, and dress him meat. 13:8 So Tamar went to her brother Amnon's house; and he was laid down. And she took flour, and kneaded it, and made cakes in his sight, and did bake the cakes. 13:9 And she took a pan, and poured them out before him; but he refused to eat.

And Amnon said, Have out all men from me. And they went out every man from him. 13:10 And Amnon said unto Tamar, Bring the meat into the chamber, that I may eat of thine hand. And Tamar took the cakes which she had made, and brought them into the chamber to Amnon her brother. 13:11 And when she had brought them unto him to eat, he took hold of her, and said unto her, Come lie with me, my sister.

13:12 And she answered him, Nay, my brother, do not force me; for no such thing ought to be done in Israel: do not thou this folly. 13:13 And I, whither shall I cause my shame to go? and as for thee, thou shalt be as one of the fools in Israel. Now therefore, I pray thee, speak unto the king; for he will not withhold me from thee. 13:14 Howbeit he would not hearken unto her voice: but, being stronger than she, forced her, and lay with her.

13:15 Then Amnon hated her exceedingly; so that the hatred wherewith he hated her was greater than the love wherewith he had loved her. And Amnon said unto her, Arise, be gone.

13:16 And she said unto him, There is no cause: this evil in sending me away is greater than the other that thou didst unto me.

But he would not hearken unto her. 13:17 Then he called his servant that ministered unto him, and said, Put now this woman out from me, and bolt the door after her. 13:18 And she had a garment of divers colours upon her: for with such robes were the king's daughters that were virgins apparelled. Then his servant brought her out, and bolted the door after her. 13:19 And Tamar put ashes on her head, and rent her garment of divers colours that was on her, and laid her hand on her head, and went on crying." (2 Samuel 13:6-19 KJV)

The attack destroyed Tamar's life: "Tamar remained desolate in her brother Absalom's house." Absalom, Tamar's full-brother, then decided to destroy Amnon's life, by murder.

Amnon

"13:20 And Absalom her brother said unto her, Hath Amnon thy brother been with thee? but hold now thy peace, my sister: he is thy brother; regard not this thing. So Tamar remained desolate in her brother Absalom's house. 13:21 But when king David heard of all these things, he was very wroth. 13:22 And Absalom spake unto his brother Amnon neither good nor bad: for Absalom hated Amnon, because he had forced his sister Tamar." (2 Samuel 13:20-22 KJV)

Absalom waited about two years for the revenge - perhaps because Amnon was a fierce and deadly fighter (like his father David, who almost certainly was the one who taught his firstborn son and heir-apparent to be a winning warrior). Absalom nevertheless arranged for Amnon to be made "merry with wine" at a time and place where his guard would be down, and then killed by "the servants of Absalom" while he feasted.

"13:23 And it came to pass after two full years, that Absalom had sheepshearers in Baalhazor, which is beside Ephraim: and Absalom invited all the king's sons. 13:24 And Absalom came to the king, and said, Behold now, thy servant hath sheepshearers; let the king, I beseech thee, and his servants go with thy servant.

13:25 And the king said to Absalom, Nay, my son, let us not all now go, lest we be chargeable unto thee. And he pressed him: howbeit he would not go, but blessed him.

13:26 Then said Absalom, If not, I pray thee, let my brother Amnon go with us.

And the king said unto him, Why should he go with thee?

13:27 But Absalom pressed him, that he let Amnon and all the king's sons go with him.

13:28 Now Absalom had commanded his servants, saying, Mark ye now when Amnon's heart is merry with wine, and when I say unto you, Smite Amnon; then kill him, fear not: have not I commanded you? be courageous, and be valiant. 13:29 And the servants of Absalom did unto Amnon as Absalom had commanded. Then all the king's sons arose, and every man gat him up upon his mule, and fled.

13:30 And it came to pass, while they were in the way, that tidings came to David, saying, Absalom hath slain all the king's sons, and there is not one of them left. 13:31 Then the king arose, and tare his garments, and lay on the earth; and all his servants stood by with their clothes rent.

13:32 And Jonadab, the son of Shimeah David's brother, answered and said, Let not my lord suppose that they have slain all the young men the king's sons; for Amnon only is dead: for by the appointment of Absalom this hath been determined from the day that he forced his sister Tamar. 13:33 Now therefore let not my lord the king take the thing to his heart, to think that all the king's sons are dead: for Amnon only is dead." (2 Samuel 13:23-33 KJV)

Fact Finder: Why was David living in Hebron where Amnon was born?
See Biblical Eras: The First Kings and The Civil War


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This Day In History, January 11

630: Muhammad led his conquering army of 10,000 to Mecca (see also A History Of Jerusalem: Constantine and Muhammad).

1055: Theodora was crowned Empress of the Byzantine (East Roman) Empire. She was the last of the Macedonian dynasty.

1672: Isaac Newton became a member of the Royal Society.

Isaac Newton

1690: Louis Frontenac, the governor of "New France" (much of the eastern half of North America), launched an attack against British settlements in New York, New Hampshire, and Maine.

New France

1693: Sicily's Mt. Etna erupted.

1775: Yemelyan Pugachov, Cossack rebel, was executed by tsarist Russia.

1775: Francis Salvador became the first (known) Jew elected to office in North America.

1787: Titania and Oberon, moons of Uranus, were discovered by William Herschel.

1814: Joachim Murat, king of Naples, ended his association with Napoleon and entered into an alliance with the Austrians.

1815: Sir John A. Macdonald, the first Prime Minister of Canada, was born.

Confederation

1839: Over 700 people were killed by an earthquake in Martinique.

1901: Western nations agreed on a partition of China after threatening to use force ("gunboat diplomacy") to open the Chinese economy to them. Up to that time, China was isolationist, expressing no interest in foreign trade. Ironically, a century later, the same western nations are now threatening to block the trade from China that they themselves demanded by force. (see also What Really Happens In A Trade War?).

China Trade

1922: A 14 year old Canadian boy, Leonard Thompson, became the first person to have his diabetes successfully treated with insulin. The discovery of insulin was made by Dr. Frederick Banting and Dr. Charles Best, medical researchers in Toronto.

1923: French and Belgian troops occupied the Ruhr to collect reparations.

1943: The U.S. and Britain relinquished territorial rights in China (see also Why Was Korea Divided Into North And South?).

1943: The Soviet Red Army encircled the German invasion forces at Stalingrad (see also Russia Or Europe - Who Has Been The Invader?).

1964: The U.S. Surgeon General reported that cigarettes are harmful to health.

1972: East Pakistan renamed itself as Bangladesh.

1973: The trial of the Watergate burglars began in Washington. The attempted cover up of their criminal activity eventually caused the resignation of Richard Nixon (see The Impeachment Of The President) and the imprisonment of a number of high officials in the Nixon regime, including Attorney General (the highest law-enforcement position in the country) John Mitchell (the self-declared "law and order" defender) who was convicted of conspiracy, obstruction of justice, and perjury and sentenced to two and a half to eight years in prison.

1989: 140 nations agreed to ban chemical weapons.

2001: Lucien Bouchard resigned as Premier of Quebec after his repeated failure to separate the Province away from Canada.

2003: Illinois Governor George Ryan commuted the death sentences of 167 prisoners on Illinois' death row based on the Jon Burge scandal.





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