Tuesday, February 6 2018
The Land Of Israel: Judea
"This then was the lot of the tribe of the children of Judah by their families"
The modern-day satellite photograph below shows the locations of the territorial sections of the land of Israel as they were when the Israelites took possession, as declared by the LORD to Abraham centuries before (see Biblical Eras: The Lands Promised To Abraham), in the time of Joshua (see Joshua's Commission).
Judea is located in the south. Samaria is in the central area. Galilee is in the north. Also at that time were the tribal territories east of the Jordan River.
"Judea" is the English-language rendering of the Hebrew name, pronounced yeh-hoo-dah (there is no "J" sound in Hebrew pronunciation - so too, "Jerusalem" is actually pronounced yer-oo-shaw-lay-im). It was the name of the Israelite patriarch who became the progenitor of the "Jews" (see Biblical Eras: Abraham, Isaac And Jacob Were Not Israelites Or Jews). "Jew" and "Jude" are actually just abbreviations of their namesake ancestor Judah - the same as "Joe" is an abbreviation of Joseph.
Judah was one of the many sons of Jacob / Israel who were born from his four wives in Syria. Judah's mother was Leah (see The Mothers Of The Patriarchs: Leah).
"35:23 The sons of Leah; Reuben, Jacob's firstborn, and Simeon, and Levi, and Judah, and Issachar, and Zebulun" (Genesis 35:23 KJV)
In the time of Joshua, when the Israelites crossed the Jordan into the Promised Land, the tribe of Judah (see also The Messiah's Tribe) was assigned the territory to the south of Jerusalem (although Jerusalem itself did not become an Israelite city until centuries later, in the time of King David; see Biblical Eras: The City Of David - When Jerusalem Became An Israelite City).
"15:1 This then was the lot of the tribe of the children of Judah by their families; even to the border of Edom the wilderness of Zin southward was the uttermost part of the south coast.
15:2 And their south border was from the shore of the salt sea, from the bay that looketh southward:
15:3 And it went out to the south side to Maalehacrabbim, and passed along to Zin, and ascended up on the south side unto Kadeshbarnea, and passed along to Hezron, and went up to Adar, and fetched a compass to Karkaa:
15:4 From thence it passed toward Azmon, and went out unto the river of Egypt [see also Abraham's Seed: From The Nile To The Euphrates]; and the goings out of that coast were at the sea: this shall be your south coast.
15:5 And the east border was the salt sea, even unto the end of Jordan. And their border in the north quarter was from the bay of the sea at the uttermost part of Jordan:
15:6 And the border went up to Bethhogla, and passed along by the north of Betharabah; and the border went up to the stone of Bohan the son of Reuben:
15:7 And the border went up toward Debir from the valley of Achor, and so northward, looking toward Gilgal, that is before the going up to Adummim, which is on the south side of the river: and the border passed toward the waters of Enshemesh, and the goings out thereof were at Enrogel:
15:8 And the border went up by the valley of the son of Hinnom unto the south side of the Jebusite; the same is Jerusalem: and the border went up to the top of the mountain that lieth before the valley of Hinnom westward, which is at the end of the valley of the giants northward:
15:9 And the border was drawn from the top of the hill unto the fountain of the water of Nephtoah, and went out to the cities of mount Ephron; and the border was drawn to Baalah, which is Kirjathjearim:
15:10 And the border compassed from Baalah westward unto mount Seir, and passed along unto the side of mount Jearim, which is Chesalon, on the north side, and went down to Bethshemesh, and passed on to Timnah:
15:11 And the border went out unto the side of Ekron northward: and the border was drawn to Shicron, and passed along to mount Baalah, and went out unto Jabneel; and the goings out of the border were at the sea.
15:12 And the west border was to the great sea, and the coast thereof. This is the coast of the children of Judah round about according to their families.
15:13 And unto Caleb the son of Jephunneh he gave a part among the children of Judah, according to the commandment of the LORD to Joshua, even the city of Arba the father of Anak, which city is Hebron. [see Joshua 14: Caleb's Hebron]
15:14 And Caleb drove thence the three sons of Anak, Sheshai, and Ahiman, and Talmai, the children of Anak.
15:15 And he went up thence to the inhabitants of Debir: and the name of Debir before was Kirjathsepher.
15:16 And Caleb said, He that smiteth Kirjathsepher, and taketh it, to him will I give Achsah my daughter to wife.
15:17 And Othniel the son of Kenaz, the brother of Caleb, took it: and he gave him Achsah his daughter to wife.
15:18 And it came to pass, as she came unto him, that she moved him to ask of her father a field: and she lighted off her ass; and Caleb said unto her, What wouldest thou?
15:19 Who answered, Give me a blessing; for thou hast given me a south land; give me also springs of water. And he gave her the upper springs, and the nether springs.
15:20 This is the inheritance of the tribe of the children of Judah according to their families.
15:21 And the uttermost cities of the tribe of the children of Judah toward the coast of Edom southward were Kabzeel, and Eder, and Jagur,
15:22 And Kinah, and Dimonah, and Adadah,
15:23 And Kedesh, and Hazor, and Ithnan,
15:24 Ziph, and Telem, and Bealoth,
15:25 And Hazor, Hadattah, and Kerioth, and Hezron, which is Hazor,
15:26 Amam, and Shema, and Moladah,
15:27 And Hazargaddah, and Heshmon, and Bethpalet,
15:28 And Hazarshual, and Beersheba, and Bizjothjah,
15:29 Baalah, and Iim, and Azem,
15:30 And Eltolad, and Chesil, and Hormah,
15:31 And Ziklag, and Madmannah, and Sansannah,
15:32 And Lebaoth, and Shilhim, and Ain, and Rimmon: all the cities are twenty and nine, with their villages:
15:33 And in the valley, Eshtaol, and Zoreah, and Ashnah,
15:34 And Zanoah, and Engannim, Tappuah, and Enam,
15:35 Jarmuth, and Adullam, Socoh, and Azekah,
15:36 And Sharaim, and Adithaim, and Gederah, and Gederothaim; fourteen cities with their villages:
15:37 Zenan, and Hadashah, and Migdalgad,
15:38 And Dilean, and Mizpeh, and Joktheel,
15:39 Lachish, and Bozkath, and Eglon,
15:40 And Cabbon, and Lahmam, and Kithlish,
15:41 And Gederoth, Bethdagon, and Naamah, and Makkedah; sixteen cities with their villages:
15:42 Libnah, and Ether, and Ashan,
15:43 And Jiphtah, and Ashnah, and Nezib,
15:44 And Keilah, and Achzib, and Mareshah; nine cities with their villages:
15:45 Ekron, with her towns and her villages:
15:46 From Ekron even unto the sea, all that lay near Ashdod, with their villages:
15:47 Ashdod with her towns and her villages, Gaze with her towns and her villages, unto the river of Egypt, and the great sea, and the border thereof:
15:48 And in the mountains, Shamir, and Jattir, and Socoh,
15:49 And Dannah, and Kirjathsannah, which is Debir,
15:50 And Anab, and Eshtemoh, and Anim,
15:51 And Goshen, and Holon, and Giloh; eleven cities with their villages:
15:52 Arab, and Dumah, and Eshean,
15:53 And Janum, and Bethtappuah, and Aphekah,
15:54 And Humtah, and Kirjatharba, which is Hebron, and Zior; nine cities with their villages:
15:55 Maon, Carmel, and Ziph, and Juttah,
15:56 And Jezreel, and Jokdeam, and Zanoah,
15:57 Cain, Gibeah, and Timnah; ten cities with their villages:
15:58 Halhul, Bethzur, and Gedor,
15:59 And Maarath, and Bethanoth, and Eltekon; six cities with their villages:
15:60 Kirjathbaal, which is Kirjathjearim, and Rabbah; two cities with their villages:
15:61 In the wilderness, Betharabah, Middin, and Secacah,
15:62 And Nibshan, and the city of Salt, and Engedi; six cities with their villages.
15:63 As for the Jebusites the inhabitants of Jerusalem, the children of Judah could not drive them out: but the Jebusites dwell with the children of Judah at Jerusalem unto this day." (Joshua 15:1-63 KJV)
Fact Finder: When did Judea become the Kingdom of Judah? How did the people of the tribes of Judah, Benjamin and Levi together become known as "Jews"?
See Biblical Eras: The Kingdoms Of North and South - Israel and Judah and Biblical Eras: How Did Judah Become Known As Israel?; also Jews - Three Tribes and Three Meanings and No Levites In The Lost Ten Tribes?
This Day In History, February 6
1215: Japanese emperor Hojo Tokimasa died at age 77. He was shikken (Regent of the Shogunate) from 1203 until his abdication in 1205. A "shogun" was the military leader of Japan in the era from 1185 to 1868.
1515: Aldus Manutius, Italian editor and printer, died. He printed the first "paperbacks" and invented italics.
1626: Huguenot rebels and the French signed the Peace of La Rochelle.
1685: Charles II, king of Great Britain and Ireland, died. James II became the new king.
1695: Ahmed II, Ottoman sultan from 1691-1695, died at age 53. His reign was marked by the continuing war with "The Holy League" of Austria, Poland and Venice (listen to our Sermon The Ottoman Empire; see also The Holy Roman Empire Of The German Nation, The Prophet Daniel: Kings Of The North and South, Constantine's Crusades In History And Prophecy and A History Of Jerusalem: The British Mandate).
1778: The U.S. and France signed treaties that would permit, "without French interference," the U.S. to invade English areas of Canada (which happened during the War of 1812-1814 - the only attempted invasion of Canada in Canadian history) and Bermuda, while France would attempt to take the British West Indies.
France supported the breakaway of the New England colonies for their own military and political reasons. France had no interest what-so-ever in anyone's "freedom" - as so many have been misled into believing with historical-revisionism propaganda.
When a violent minority of the New England colonists rebelled, France hypocritically supplied and assisted them, while maintaining an oppressive grip on its own French colonies in Louisiana and what is today eastern Canada. Their sole intent was to break England's military connection to the colonies that England created in New England so that France could invade and take them over for itself. The plan was not carried out only because Napoleon Bonaparte's imperial wars in Europe squandered the French army (see also Russia Or Europe - Who Has Been The Invader?).
1804: Joseph Priestley, English cleric, chemist, one of the discoverers of oxygen, died.
1806: British naval forces defeated the French at the Battle of San Domingo in the Caribbean.
1840: New Zealand became a British colony with the signing of the Treaty of Waitangi.
1899: At the of the "Spanish-American" War, U.S. imperial forces seized Cuba, Puerto Rico, Guam and the Philippines from Spain (see also The Mexican Border Wall).
1922: Cardinal Achille Ratti was elected to succeed Pope Benedict XV as Pius XI.
1923: Edward Barnard died at age 66. He is considered to be the leading observational astronomer of his time; he discovered 16 comets and Jupiter's fifth moon, discovered "Barnard's Star" and published a catalog of dark nebula.
1933: The Nazi government of Adolf Hitler began news censorship in Germany (see The Terrorist Attack That Enabled Hitler To Become A Dictator and Presidential Quotes On War, Terrorism, Religion).
1934: Massive riots in Paris; the government of Edouard Daladier resigned.
1936: Adolf Hitler opened the Winter Olympics in Berlin (see Is Iniquity Liberal Or Conservative?).
1952: King George VI of Great Britain and Northern Ireland died at age 57. He was succeeded by his 26 year old daughter, Queen Elizabeth II.
1958: An airplane carrying the Manchester United soccer team from the European Cup Match crashed on takeoff in Munich. 23 people were killed, including 8 members of the team and 8 journalists.
1964: France and Britain agreed on the joint construction of an English Channel tunnel.
2001: Ariel Sharon defeated Prime Minister Ehud Barak in Israel's election.