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Tuesday, April 10 2018
Creation Day 3: Continents And Oceans
"And God said, Let the waters under the heaven be gathered together unto one place, and let the dry land appear: and it was so"
The Creation continued (see Creation Day 1: Let There Be Light and Creation Day 2: The Heaven Above, The Waters Below) on the third day with what is today called geology - the dynamics of the Earth's interior and outer surface that separate the oceans from the continents. With dry land then available, plants became the first life form on Earth.
"1:9 And God said, Let the waters under the heaven be gathered together unto one place, and let the dry land appear: and it was so. 1:10 And God called the dry land Earth; and the gathering together of the waters called he Seas: and God saw that it was good.
What did the Earth look like when the ocean ("And God said, Let the waters under the heaven be gathered together unto one place, and let the dry land appear") and the continent at first existed?
When humanity began exploring, it became evident that all countries exist on a planet. The world didn't really end at the horizon, or at the shore. Along with that exploration came maps. As the maps became more accurate, people were startled to see that all of the continents could be fit together like a giant jigsaw puzzle. But, since the pieces were now widely separated by oceans, what was obvious was rejected.
But beginning about 200 years ago, maps had become so accurate that the answer was obvious - the continents must, at some time in the past, have been together as one. A number of independent geologists proposed theories about it, but most were quietly ignored, while others were mocked and ostracized for their scientific "heresy." Some of them, those who steadfastly refused to abandon the truth, had their scientific careers destroyed.
The illustration below was produced by Antonio Snider-Pellegrini, a French geographer, in 1858. He was correct, and he was ignored.
In 1912, little over only a century ago, Alfred Lothar Wegener, a scientist in Germany offered, not only the same observation, but an accurate explanation of how it's still happening - the continents are slowly drifting around the Earth, a process known today as continental drift.
Wegener was also ignored until as late as the 1950s when science had advanced to the point that the movement could actually be measured. It could be denied no longer.
A further proof was found by oceanographers who mapped the seafloor. As shown below, there is a ridge in the middle of the Atlantic Ocean, running the entire distance from Iceland in the north to the extreme south Atlantic, that perfectly matches the coastlines of Africa and Europe with North and South America. That "mid-Atlantic ridge" marked the tectonic starting point of the ongoing drift of the continents.
Geologists now know that the interior of the Earth is liquid rock (as seen in molten lava that flows down the side of a volcano) and that the cooled solid-rock continents are floating atop that sea of rock. While the continents are very big, the molten ocean below them is vastly greater in size and power.
The evidence of the Creation of the Earth is found in the forces of geology that continue today.
Fact Finder: Plants were created before animals and humans. What did the original humans eat?
This Day In History, April 10
428: Nestorius became the Patriarch of Constantinople (the city was named after Constantine; see Emperor Constantine's Sun Dogs and Constantine's Crusades In History And Prophecy and A History Of Jerusalem: Constantine and Muhammad). Among the teachings of Nestorius was his rejection of the Church of Rome's title of Theotokos ("Mother of God") for the Virgin Mary (see What Does The Bible Really Say About Mary?).
879: Louis III and Carloman II become co-reigning kings of the Western Franks..
1606: The Charter of the Virginia Company of London was established by Royal Charter by James I of England (after whom the King James Version of the Bible is named) with the purpose of establishing English colonial towns and settlements in the wilderness of North America. The English investment and development continued for about 170 years until the rebellion by a militant minority of the colonists against the laws, that were legislated by a majority of the democratically-elected Parliament, in the name of the King that represented the nation. It was that colonial work that established and built the cities and civilization where only wilderness existed before i.e. the elected Members of Parliament created the legislation that produced the development of the wilderness and the defense of it - not a "dictator king."
The United Empire Loyalists were patriotic conservatives (honest, hard-working, successful people of all walks of life i.e. farmers, merchants, tradesmen, educators) who moved to Canada from the New England colonies because they saw no need for a rebellion and were brutally persecuted by rebel forces. Totaling about 40% of the population of the New England colonies, they were later known as United Empire Loyalists. When the U.S. invaded Canada a few years later, in the War of 1812 (1812-1814), United Empire Loyalists and their adult children and grandchildren served among the British Army and Canadian militias that successfully defended Canada from U.S. annexation (the publicly-stated goal of U.S. President James Madison when he started the war).
A plaque in Hamilton, Ontario (as well as many others across Canada) commemorates the United Empire Loyalists:
"This monument is dedicated to the lasting memory of
1741: Frederick II of Prussia defeated Maria Theresa's forces at Mollwitz and conquered Silesia.
1809: Austria declared war on France.
1814: Napoleon Bonaparte was defeated by the British and Spanish at the Battle of Toulouse. It resulted in Napoleon's abdication and exile to Elba (see also Russia Or Europe - Who Has Been The Invader?).
1858: The original "Big Ben" bell for the Palace of Westminster was cast.
1864: Archduke Maximilian of Austria took the throne of Mexico.
1875: The Northwest Mounted Police (which later was included in the formation of the Royal Canadian Mounted Police, the "Mounties") received government authorization to build a post that would later become the city of Calgary.
1912: The Titanic set off on its first, and only, voyage.
1919: Revolutionary leader Emiliano Zapata was ambushed and killed by government troops in Mexico.
1922: The Genoa Conference opened to discuss the reconstruction of Europe after the First World War (1914-1918; see also The Assassination That Triggered Two World Wars).
1932: In Germany, Paul von Hindenburg received 19 million votes in the presidential elections, beating, for the time being, Adolf Hitler's 13 million votes (see also Presidential Quotes On War, Terrorism, Religion).
1938: In a referendum, 99.75% of Austrians voted for a merger with Germany (Adolf Hitler was born in Austria).
1941: During the Second World War (1939-1945), U.S. troops occupied Greenland to block German military control of the north Atlantic island.
1944: During the Second World War (1939-1945), a British mini-submarine entered Bergen harbor in Norway and sank the German ship Barenfels.
1945: Near the end of the Second World War (1939-1945), the Allies liberated the Nazi concentration camp, Buchenwald. It is estimated that nearly 57,000 people (mostly Jews) were killed in its gas chambers during its 8 year existence.
1963: The U.S. atomic submarine Thresher was lost in the Atlantic off Cape Cod; the 129 crew were lost.
1972: More than 50 countries signed a treaty outlawing the stockpiling of biological weapons. As might be expected, the U.S. and a few other countries that already had the greatest stockpiles of such weapons refused to sign the treaty.
1974: Israeli Prime Minister Golda Meir resigned over differences within her Labor Party. She was succeeded by Yitzhak Rabin.
1980: Britain and Spain agreed to reopen the border between Gibraltar and Spain, closed in 1969.
1989: Intel announced the release of the 80486 processor.
2010: A Polish Air Force Tu-154 crashed near Smolensk, Russia. Polish President Lech Kaczynski and 95 other people aboard the aircraft were killed.