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Friday, October 5 2018

A Bible Journey, 47: Goshen During The Famine

"Joseph came and told Pharaoh, and said, My father and my brethren, and their flocks, and their herds, and all that they have, are come out of the land of Canaan; and, behold, they are in the land of Goshen"

So it was, after a series of steppingstone events (see A Bible Journey, 37: Israel's Favorite Son and A Bible Journey, 41: The Pharaoh's Dreams Of Cattle And Grain and A Bible Journey, 45: I Am Your Brother Joseph), that Joseph's entire family was reunited with him in Egypt.

"47:1 Then Joseph came and told Pharaoh, and said, My father and my brethren, and their flocks, and their herds, and all that they have, are come out of the land of Canaan; and, behold, they are in the land of Goshen." (Genesis 47:1 KJV)

"Goshen" was located in the well-watered Nile Delta area of Egypt (notice from the satellite photograph below how the river and the wide delta are green and alive, while surrounded by desert). It was the perfect place for shepherds to not only survive, but to prosper during a severe drought and famine.

The Nile River

"47:2 And he took some of his brethren, even five men, and presented them unto Pharaoh.

47:3 And Pharaoh said unto his brethren, What is your occupation?

And they said unto Pharaoh, Thy servants are shepherds, both we, and also our fathers. 47:4 They said moreover unto Pharaoh, For to sojourn in the land are we come; for thy servants have no pasture for their flocks; for the famine is sore in the land of Canaan: now therefore, we pray thee, let thy servants dwell in the land of Goshen.

47:5 And Pharaoh spake unto Joseph, saying, Thy father and thy brethren are come unto thee: 47:6 The land of Egypt is before thee; in the best of the land make thy father and brethren to dwell; in the land of Goshen let them dwell: and if thou knowest any men of activity among them, then make them rulers over my cattle." (Genesis 47:2-6 KJV)

Jacob was then introduced to the Pharaoh. Note how, even though Jacob's name had been purposefully changed to "Israel" (see A Bible Journey, 32: Thy Name Shall Be Called No More Jacob, But Israel), the man himself continued to be identified in the Scriptures, prophetically and historically, as Jacob as well.

"47:7 And Joseph brought in Jacob his father, and set him before Pharaoh: and Jacob blessed Pharaoh. 47:8 And Pharaoh said unto Jacob, How old art thou?

47:9 And Jacob said unto Pharaoh, The days of the years of my pilgrimage are an hundred and thirty years: few and evil have the days of the years of my life been, and have not attained unto the days of the years of the life of my fathers in the days of their pilgrimage. 47:10 And Jacob blessed Pharaoh, and went out from before Pharaoh.

47:11 And Joseph placed his father and his brethren, and gave them a possession in the land of Egypt, in the best of the land, in the land of Rameses, as Pharaoh had commanded. 47:12 And Joseph nourished his father, and his brethren, and all his father's household, with bread, according to their families." (Genesis 47:7-12 KJV)

Exactly as the LORD God (Who was and is Jesus Christ; see The Real Jesus: The Word Of The LORD God) had given Joseph to prophecy, the great famine came "so that the land of Egypt and all the land of Canaan fainted by reason of the famine." Egypt itself wasn't immune from the famine - it was prepared for it.

"47:13 And there was no bread in all the land; for the famine was very sore, so that the land of Egypt and all the land of Canaan fainted by reason of the famine. 47:14 And Joseph gathered up all the money that was found in the land of Egypt, and in the land of Canaan, for the corn which they bought: and Joseph brought the money into Pharaoh's house. 47:15 And when money failed in the land of Egypt, and in the land of Canaan, all the Egyptians came unto Joseph, and said, Give us bread: for why should we die in thy presence? for the money faileth.

47:16 And Joseph said, Give your cattle; and I will give you for your cattle, if money fail. 47:17 And they brought their cattle unto Joseph: and Joseph gave them bread in exchange for horses, and for the flocks, and for the cattle of the herds, and for the asses: and he fed them with bread for all their cattle for that year." (Genesis 47:13-17 KJV)

The great drought and famine brought about a drastic change in the economic system of Egypt. In effect, everything was nationalized: "Behold, I have bought you this day and your land for Pharaoh: lo, here is seed for you, and ye shall sow the land. And it shall come to pass in the increase, that ye shall give the fifth part unto Pharaoh, and four parts shall be your own, for seed of the field, and for your food, and for them of your households, and for food for your little ones."

Egypt

"47:18 When that year was ended, they came unto him the second year, and said unto him, We will not hide it from my lord, how that our money is spent; my lord also hath our herds of cattle; there is not ought left in the sight of my lord, but our bodies, and our lands: 47:19 Wherefore shall we die before thine eyes, both we and our land? buy us and our land for bread, and we and our land will be servants unto Pharaoh: and give us seed, that we may live, and not die, that the land be not desolate.

47:20 And Joseph bought all the land of Egypt for Pharaoh; for the Egyptians sold every man his field, because the famine prevailed over them: so the land became Pharaoh's. 47:21 And as for the people, he removed them to cities from one end of the borders of Egypt even to the other end thereof. 47:22 Only the land of the priests bought he not; for the priests had a portion assigned them of Pharaoh, and did eat their portion which Pharaoh gave them: wherefore they sold not their lands.

47:23 Then Joseph said unto the people, Behold, I have bought you this day and your land for Pharaoh: lo, here is seed for you, and ye shall sow the land. 47:24 And it shall come to pass in the increase, that ye shall give the fifth part unto Pharaoh, and four parts shall be your own, for seed of the field, and for your food, and for them of your households, and for food for your little ones.

47:25 And they said, Thou hast saved our lives: let us find grace in the sight of my lord, and we will be Pharaoh's servants.

47:26 And Joseph made it a law over the land of Egypt unto this day, that Pharaoh should have the fifth part; except the land of the priests only, which became not Pharaoh's." (Genesis 47:18-26 KJV)

Notice again how the man is referred to here as both Jacob ("Jacob lived in the land of Egypt") and Israel, but with "Israel" beginning to take on a national meaning of its own ("Israel dwelt in the land of Egypt, in the country of Goshen; and they had possessions therein, and grew, and multiplied exceedingly").

"47:27 And Israel dwelt in the land of Egypt, in the country of Goshen; and they had possessions therein, and grew, and multiplied exceedingly.

47:28 And Jacob lived in the land of Egypt seventeen years: so the whole age of Jacob was an hundred forty and seven years. 47:29 And the time drew nigh that Israel must die: and he called his son Joseph, and said unto him, If now I have found grace in thy sight, put, I pray thee, thy hand under my thigh, and deal kindly and truly with me; bury me not, I pray thee, in Egypt: 47:30 But I will lie with my fathers, and thou shalt carry me out of Egypt, and bury me in their buryingplace.

And he said, I will do as thou hast said.

47:31 And he said, Swear unto me.

And he sware unto him.

And Israel bowed himself upon the bed's head." (Genesis 47:27-31 KJV)

Fact Finder: What is the Messiah's personal connection to Egypt?
See Out Of Egypt Have I Called My Son


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This Day In History, October 5

456: Visigoths (a Germanic tribe) under King Theodoric II invaded Spain with an army of Burgundians, Franks and Goths, led by the Kings Chilperic I and Gondioc. They defeated the Suebi under King Rechiar on the River Urbicus near Astorga. The Germanic tribes later surpassed and replaced the Roman Empire as "the Holy Roman Empire of the German Nation" (see The Holy Roman Empire Of The German Nation).

Goths

610: The coronation of Byzantine (east Roman Empire) Emperor Heraclius.

Byzantine

869: The 8th Church of Rome Ecumenical Council opened in Constantinople (listen to our Sermon Constantine's Papacy). The East-West conference was held between Pope Adrian II and Basil I to condemn iconoclasm (the destruction of religious images and idols).

1285: King Philip III of France died of the plague that was then ravaging Europe.

1502: Christopher Columbus discovered what is today called Costa Rica (the people who were already in Costa Rica knew that it was there, centuries before Europeans "discovered" it). All of the four voyages of Columbus were limited to the Caribbean area (see the map at Thanksgiving In History and Prophecy).

Voyages of Christopher Columbus

1511: Pope Julius II formed the Holy League between Aragon, Venice and the papacy. Its purpose was to defend the unity of the Roman Catholic church and to drive the French out of Italy (see The Holy Roman Empire Of The German Nation).

1762: The British fleet captured Spanish-held Manila in the Philippines.

1795: The Hudson Bay Company began construction on a fortified fur-trading post on the future site of the city of Edmonton. The Hudson's Bay Company is the oldest commercial corporation in North America (in business for over 340 years) and one of the oldest in the world. A fur trading company in its early existence, the Hudson's Bay Company today owns and operates retail stores throughout Canada and the U.S.

Hudson's Bay Company

1796: During the Napoleonic Wars, Spain declared war on Britain.

1813: The Battle of the Thames during the War of 1812 (1812-1814). British troops and Canadian militia under Maj. Gen. Henry Proctor halted the U.S. invasion forces near Moraviantown, northeast of present day Chatham, Ontario. Shawnee Chief Tecumseh, who, like the Canadians, was defending his homeland against the U.S. marauders, was killed in the battle.

1877: Nez Perce Chief Joseph surrendered to the U.S. Army in Montana, only 40 miles short of their over 1,600 mile journey to reach freedom in the Canadian prairies. He and his people were shipped back south in cattle cars to prison camps during and after which hundreds died of abuse, disease and squalor.

1908: Bulgaria declared independence from the Ottoman empire (listen to our Sermon The Ottoman Empire).

1910: Portugal was declared a republic after a successful revolt against King Manuel II.

1944: During the Second World War (1939-1945), Royal Canadian Air Force pilots shot down the first German jet fighter.

1964: 57 people from East Germany reached West Berlin by digging a tunnel under the Berlin Wall - the largest single escape from the communist country up to that date (see also Ein Volk! Ein Reich! Ein Euro!).

1970: Anwar Sadat was nominated to succeed Gamal Nasser as President of Egypt.

1983: Polish Solidarity union leader Lech Walesa was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize (back then, Nobel Peace Prize winners actually did something to earn it).

1984: Marc Garneau became the first Canadian in space, aboard the U.S. space shuttle Challenger (the Challenger was lost due to an explosion shortly after launch in 1986).

1986: Israel's secret nuclear weapons were verified. The British newspaper The Sunday Times ran Mordechai Vanunu's story on its front page under the headline: "Revealed - the secrets of Israel's nuclear arsenal" (see also Who Would Throw A Nuclear Boomerang?)

1990: Meir Kahane, founder of the Jewish Defense League, was assassinated in New York at age 58.





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Copyright © Wayne Blank