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Friday, October 19 2018
A Bible Journey, 61: The Natural Law Of The Passover Moon
"Let there be lights in the firmament of the heaven to divide the day from the night; and let them be for signs, and for seasons, and for days, and years"
The LORD's calendar of days, months and years was established with and by His Creation of the physical universe (see Creation Day 4: The Calendar). The week, which is not directly observable in nature, was created separately with and by His true Sabbath Day (see Creation Day 7: The Week And The Christian Sabbath).
"1:14 And God said, Let there be lights in the firmament of the heaven to divide the day from the night; and let them be for signs, and for seasons, and for days, and years: 1:15 And let them be for lights in the firmament of the heaven to give light upon the earth: and it was so.
The geometry of the moon's orbit around the Earth provides a stable, predictable cycle of moon phases. The full moon always rises at sunset, transits the meridian (i.e. reaches the highest point in the sky, half-way between rising and setting) at midnight and sets at sunrise. The same progressing schedule applies to all of the other phases of the moon through the month (the English word "month" originally meant moon).
The LORD's calendar month begins when the crescent new moon becomes visible to anyone whose view of it is not blocked by clouds (see the Fact Finder question below), thereby always making the middle of the month, around the fourteenth, the time of the full moon. Passover was also declared to be observed from the fourteenth day of the month - the time of the full moon, that always rises at sunset and reaches its highest point in the sky at midnight.
"12:5 Your lamb shall be without blemish, a male of the first year: ye shall take it out from the sheep, or from the goats: 12:6 And ye shall keep it up until the fourteenth day of the same month: and the whole assembly of the congregation of Israel shall kill it in the evening.
So it was that the death of the firstborn would occur at midnight - with a bright, full moon overhead.
"11:1 And the LORD said unto Moses, Yet will I bring one plague more upon Pharaoh, and upon Egypt; afterwards he will let you go hence: when he shall let you go, he shall surely thrust you out hence altogether.
Fact Finder: How was the New Moon crescent used to determine the beginning of the month of the LORD's commanded true Christian calendar?
This Day In History, October 19
526 BC: Ahmose II, also known as Amasis II, general, king of Egypt, member of the 26th dynasty, died. He seized the throne during a revolt against King Apries (see also Children Of Ham - The Origin Of Egypt And Iraq).
202 BC: The Battle of Zama during the Second Punic War. Roman legions (see also Legions Of Men And Angels) under the command of Scipio Africanus defeated Hannibal Barca, leader of a Carthaginian (i.e. Carthage) army.
439: The Vandals (an ancient invasive Germanic tribe from central Europe whose looting and wanton destruction gave origin to the term "vandalism"), led by King Gaiseric, took Carthage in north Africa.
1216: King John of England died at age 50. After being interdicted by Pope Innocent III, he surrendered England to the pope so that the national excommunication would be repealed. Innocent then gave England back to John in 1213 as a fief of the Roman Catholic Church. King John became the subject of one of William Shakespeare's plays. He was succeeded by his 9 year old son Henry.
1466: The Peace of Torun ended the war between the Teutonic Knights and their own disaffected subjects in Prussia (not to be confused with Russia; Prussia is in Germany).
1469: Ferdinand II of Aragon married Isabella I of Castile. The Spanish monarchs are best-known to history as the sponsors of Christopher Columbus (see also Thanksgiving In History and Prophecy) who "discovered America" 500 years after the Vikings had already done so.
King Henry VIII of England married, and later divorced, the daughter of Ferdinand and Isabella, which led to the further divorce of England from the Church of Rome.
1739: England declared war on Spain over a borderline dispute in Florida. The war became known as the War of Jenkin's Ear because Spanish coast guards cut off the ear of British seaman Robert Jenkins.
1812: Napoleon began his retreat from Moscow (see Russia Or Europe - Who Has Been The Invader?).
1818: In the years following the War of 1812 (1812-14), that was declared by U.S. President James Madison with the stated purpose to annex Canada and subject its people to dictatorial rule from Washington, a treaty was signed by Canada and the U.S. to set the international border, west of the Great Lakes, at "the 49th parallel" (i.e. the latitude of 49 degrees north). That treaty, along with the already-established-by-war border east of the Great Lakes created the present-day boundary that has not been militarily-violated by either nation in nearly 200 years.
1827: During the Greek War of Independence, the Turkish and Egyptian fleets were destroyed by the British, French and Russians at the Battle of Navarino (see also Send In The Marines).
1935: The League of Nations imposed sanctions against Italy following its invasion of Ethiopia.
1949: The communist People's Republic of China was formally proclaimed.
1950: The North Korean capital of Pyongyang was captured by U.N. troops (see Why Was Korea Divided Into North And South?).
1954: Britain and Egypt agreed to transfer control of the Suez Canal after more than 70 years of British control (see A History Of Jerusalem: The British Mandate).
1970: British Petroleum made the first major oil find in the British sector of the North Sea.
1973: U.S. President Richard Nixon rejected an Appeals Court demand to turn over the Watergate criminal investigation tapes (see also The Impeachment Of The President).
1993: South African President F.W. de Klerk and Nelson Mandela were awarded the Nobel Peace Prize.
2005: Amidst the over 200,000 Iraqi civilians killed and a million wounded (some independent estimates state that the civilian carnage was much higher) by the non-existent "weapons of mass destruction" invasion ordered by George W. Bush, Saddam Hussein went on trial in the destroyed city of Baghdad for "crimes against humanity." Saddam Hussein was found guilty and hung for his war crimes.
2005: Hurricane Wilma becomes the most intense Atlantic hurricane on record. "Hurricanes" are experienced throughout the world (see also The Origin Of Hurricanes, Cyclones and Typhoons).