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Thursday, February 21 2019

A Bible Journey, 124: Tribes And Covered Wagons

"The LORD said unto Moses, They shall offer their offering, each prince on his day ... And they brought their offering before the LORD, six covered wagons, and twelve oxen; a wagon for two of the princes"

The tribes of Israel originated from the children of Jacob, who the LORD renamed as "Israel," and his multiple wives (see The Mothers Of The Patriarchs: Leah and The Mothers Of The Patriarchs: Rachel and The Mothers Of The Patriarchs: Bilhah and The Mothers Of The Patriarchs: Zilpah and The Mothers Of The Patriarchs: Asenath).

The Israelites lived in Egypt for four centuries. While there, in the rich, well-watered land of Goshen in the Nile Delta, they grew from a family (see A Bible Journey, 46: The Family At The Heart Of A Nation) into a multitude (see A Bible Journey, 51: The Fulfillment Of The Great Nation Prophecy).

By the time of the Exodus (see A Bible Journey, 63: The Exodus Lesson), each tribe had itself grown into a multitude, so that "the princes of Israel, heads of the house of their fathers, who were the princes of the tribes."

Wagons

"7:1 And it came to pass on the day that Moses had fully set up the tabernacle, and had anointed it, and sanctified it, and all the instruments thereof, both the altar and all the vessels thereof, and had anointed them, and sanctified them; 7:2 That the princes of Israel, heads of the house of their fathers, who were the princes of the tribes, and were over them that were numbered, offered: 7:3 And they brought their offering before the LORD, six covered wagons, and twelve oxen; a wagon for two of the princes, and for each one an ox: and they brought them before the tabernacle.

7:4 And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying, 7:5 Take it of them, that they may be to do the service of the tabernacle of the congregation; and thou shalt give them unto the Levites, to every man according to his service." (Numbers 7:1-5 KJV)

The Tabernacle of the LORD (see A Bible Journey, 76: Why Did The LORD Build His Tabernacle?) was the effective capital of the nation (see A Bible Journey, 119: Battle Flags), with the Levites set apart to serve the LORD and His people (see A Bible Journey, 121: The Three Branches Of Levi).

"7:6 And Moses took the wagons and the oxen, and gave them unto the Levites. 7:7 Two wagons and four oxen he gave unto the sons of Gershon, according to their service: 7:8 And four wagons and eight oxen he gave unto the sons of Merari, according unto their service, under the hand of Ithamar the son of Aaron the priest. 7:9 But unto the sons of Kohath he gave none: because the service of the sanctuary belonging unto them was that they should bear upon their shoulders.

7:10 And the princes offered for dedicating of the altar in the day that it was anointed, even the princes offered their offering before the altar. 7:11 And the LORD said unto Moses, They shall offer their offering, each prince on his day, for the dedicating of the altar." (Numbers 7:6-11 KJV)

Gold

Israel left Egypt with great wealth (Exodus 12:35-36). Part of it was used to establish and maintain the Tabernacle. Each tribe was responsible for their part of the oblation (a word that means gift or offering - "obligation" is actually the same word).

"7:12 And he that offered his offering the first day was Nahshon the son of Amminadab, of the tribe of Judah: 7:13 And his offering was one silver charger, the weight thereof was an hundred and thirty shekels, one silver bowl of seventy shekels, after the shekel of the sanctuary; both of them were full of fine flour mingled with oil for a meat offering: 7:14 One spoon of ten shekels of gold, full of incense: 7:15 One young bullock, one ram, one lamb of the first year, for a burnt offering: 7:16 One kid of the goats for a sin offering: 7:17 And for a sacrifice of peace offerings, two oxen, five rams, five he goats, five lambs of the first year: this was the offering of Nahshon the son of Amminadab.

7:18 On the second day Nethaneel the son of Zuar, prince of Issachar, did offer: 7:19 He offered for his offering one silver charger, the weight whereof was an hundred and thirty shekels, one silver bowl of seventy shekels, after the shekel of the sanctuary; both of them full of fine flour mingled with oil for a meat offering: 7:20 One spoon of gold of ten shekels, full of incense: 7:21 One young bullock, one ram, one lamb of the first year, for a burnt offering: 7:22 One kid of the goats for a sin offering: 7:23 And for a sacrifice of peace offerings, two oxen, five rams, five he goats, five lambs of the first year: this was the offering of Nethaneel the son of Zuar.

7:24 On the third day Eliab the son of Helon, prince of the children of Zebulun, did offer: 7:25 His offering was one silver charger, the weight whereof was an hundred and thirty shekels, one silver bowl of seventy shekels, after the shekel of the sanctuary; both of them full of fine flour mingled with oil for a meat offering: 7:26 One golden spoon of ten shekels, full of incense: 7:27 One young bullock, one ram, one lamb of the first year, for a burnt offering: 7:28 One kid of the goats for a sin offering: 7:29 And for a sacrifice of peace offerings, two oxen, five rams, five he goats, five lambs of the first year: this was the offering of Eliab the son of Helon.

7:30 On the fourth day Elizur the son of Shedeur, prince of the children of Reuben, did offer: 7:31 His offering was one silver charger of the weight of an hundred and thirty shekels, one silver bowl of seventy shekels, after the shekel of the sanctuary; both of them full of fine flour mingled with oil for a meat offering: 7:32 One golden spoon of ten shekels, full of incense: 7:33 One young bullock, one ram, one lamb of the first year, for a burnt offering: 7:34 One kid of the goats for a sin offering: 7:35 And for a sacrifice of peace offerings, two oxen, five rams, five he goats, five lambs of the first year: this was the offering of Elizur the son of Shedeur.

7:36 On the fifth day Shelumiel the son of Zurishaddai, prince of the children of Simeon, did offer: 7:37 His offering was one silver charger, the weight whereof was an hundred and thirty shekels, one silver bowl of seventy shekels, after the shekel of the sanctuary; both of them full of fine flour mingled with oil for a meat offering: 7:38 One golden spoon of ten shekels, full of incense: 7:39 One young bullock, one ram, one lamb of the first year, for a burnt offering: 7:40 One kid of the goats for a sin offering: 7:41 And for a sacrifice of peace offerings, two oxen, five rams, five he goats, five lambs of the first year: this was the offering of Shelumiel the son of Zurishaddai.

7:42 On the sixth day Eliasaph the son of Deuel, prince of the children of Gad, offered: 7:43 His offering was one silver charger of the weight of an hundred and thirty shekels, a silver bowl of seventy shekels, after the shekel of the sanctuary; both of them full of fine flour mingled with oil for a meat offering: 7:44 One golden spoon of ten shekels, full of incense: 7:45 One young bullock, one ram, one lamb of the first year, for a burnt offering: 7:46 One kid of the goats for a sin offering: 7:47 And for a sacrifice of peace offerings, two oxen, five rams, five he goats, five lambs of the first year: this was the offering of Eliasaph the son of Deuel.

7:48 On the seventh day Elishama the son of Ammihud, prince of the children of Ephraim, offered: 7:49 His offering was one silver charger, the weight whereof was an hundred and thirty shekels, one silver bowl of seventy shekels, after the shekel of the sanctuary; both of them full of fine flour mingled with oil for a meat offering: 7:50 One golden spoon of ten shekels, full of incense: 7:51 One young bullock, one ram, one lamb of the first year, for a burnt offering: 7:52 One kid of the goats for a sin offering: 7:53 And for a sacrifice of peace offerings, two oxen, five rams, five he goats, five lambs of the first year: this was the offering of Elishama the son of Ammihud.

7:54 On the eighth day offered Gamaliel the son of Pedahzur, prince of the children of Manasseh: 7:55 His offering was one silver charger of the weight of an hundred and thirty shekels, one silver bowl of seventy shekels, after the shekel of the sanctuary; both of them full of fine flour mingled with oil for a meat offering: 7:56 One golden spoon of ten shekels, full of incense: 7:57 One young bullock, one ram, one lamb of the first year, for a burnt offering: 7:58 One kid of the goats for a sin offering: 7:59 And for a sacrifice of peace offerings, two oxen, five rams, five he goats, five lambs of the first year: this was the offering of Gamaliel the son of Pedahzur.

7:60 On the ninth day Abidan the son of Gideoni, prince of the children of Benjamin, offered: 7:61 His offering was one silver charger, the weight whereof was an hundred and thirty shekels, one silver bowl of seventy shekels, after the shekel of the sanctuary; both of them full of fine flour mingled with oil for a meat offering: 7:62 One golden spoon of ten shekels, full of incense: 7:63 One young bullock, one ram, one lamb of the first year, for a burnt offering: 7:64 One kid of the goats for a sin offering: 7:65 And for a sacrifice of peace offerings, two oxen, five rams, five he goats, five lambs of the first year: this was the offering of Abidan the son of Gideoni.

7:66 On the tenth day Ahiezer the son of Ammishaddai, prince of the children of Dan, offered: 7:67 His offering was one silver charger, the weight whereof was an hundred and thirty shekels, one silver bowl of seventy shekels, after the shekel of the sanctuary; both of them full of fine flour mingled with oil for a meat offering: 7:68 One golden spoon of ten shekels, full of incense: 7:69 One young bullock, one ram, one lamb of the first year, for a burnt offering: 7:70 One kid of the goats for a sin offering: 7:71 And for a sacrifice of peace offerings, two oxen, five rams, five he goats, five lambs of the first year: this was the offering of Ahiezer the son of Ammishaddai.

7:72 On the eleventh day Pagiel the son of Ocran, prince of the children of Asher, offered: 7:73 His offering was one silver charger, the weight whereof was an hundred and thirty shekels, one silver bowl of seventy shekels, after the shekel of the sanctuary; both of them full of fine flour mingled with oil for a meat offering: 7:74 One golden spoon of ten shekels, full of incense: 7:75 One young bullock, one ram, one lamb of the first year, for a burnt offering: 7:76 One kid of the goats for a sin offering: 7:77 And for a sacrifice of peace offerings, two oxen, five rams, five he goats, five lambs of the first year: this was the offering of Pagiel the son of Ocran.

7:78 On the twelfth day Ahira the son of Enan, prince of the children of Naphtali, offered: 7:79 His offering was one silver charger, the weight whereof was an hundred and thirty shekels, one silver bowl of seventy shekels, after the shekel of the sanctuary; both of them full of fine flour mingled with oil for a meat offering: 7:80 One golden spoon of ten shekels, full of incense: 7:81 One young bullock, one ram, one lamb of the first year, for a burnt offering: 7:82 One kid of the goats for a sin offering: 7:83 And for a sacrifice of peace offerings, two oxen, five rams, five he goats, five lambs of the first year: this was the offering of Ahira the son of Enan." (Numbers 7:12-83 KJV)

Sinai

During the time in the Sinai (see also Paul's Geography Lesson and Hometowns: Campsites Of The Sinai), Moses served as the Governor of Israel (the LORD was their reigning Prince; see A Bible Journey, 122: The Salvation Training Manual) while Aaron served as the High Priest (see A Bible Journey, 120: Why Was The House Of Aaron Made Holy?).

"7:84 This was the dedication of the altar, in the day when it was anointed, by the princes of Israel: twelve chargers of silver, twelve silver bowls, twelve spoons of gold: 7:85 Each charger of silver weighing an hundred and thirty shekels, each bowl seventy: all the silver vessels weighed two thousand and four hundred shekels, after the shekel of the sanctuary: 7:86 The golden spoons were twelve, full of incense, weighing ten shekels apiece, after the shekel of the sanctuary: all the gold of the spoons was an hundred and twenty shekels. 7:87 All the oxen for the burnt offering were twelve bullocks, the rams twelve, the lambs of the first year twelve, with their meat offering: and the kids of the goats for sin offering twelve. 7:88 And all the oxen for the sacrifice of the peace offerings were twenty and four bullocks, the rams sixty, the he goats sixty, the lambs of the first year sixty. This was the dedication of the altar, after that it was anointed.

7:89 And when Moses was gone into the tabernacle of the congregation to speak with him, then he heard the voice of one speaking unto him from off the mercy seat that was upon the ark of testimony, from between the two cherubims: and he spake unto him." (Numbers 7:84-89 KJV)

Fact Finder: The Israelites left Egypt with a great amount of gold (see What Did They Do In The Sinai With Their Egyptian Gold?). (a) Some was used for holy purposes. (b) Some was wasted on idolatry.
(a) See A Bible Journey, 87: The Golden Ark and Why Are The Golden Rings Of The Ark Now Empty?
(b) See A Bible Journey, 82: The Golden Calf Riot


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This Day In History, February 21

362: Athanasius, the "pope of Alexandria," returned to Alexandria. He was notable for his involvement in the conflict with Arius and Arianism (see also Hometowns: Alexandria).

Alexandria

Alexandria

1173: Pope Alexander III canonized Thomas Becket. As Archbishop of Canterbury, Becket was executed 3 years before by King Henry II for his pro-papacy, anti-patriotic activities against his own country.

1437: After the king's efforts to break the influence of the Scottish nobility, King James I of Scotland was assassinated by conspirators led by Walter of Atholl.

1440: The Prussian Confederation was formed (see also The Holy Roman Empire Of The German Nation).

1543: The Battle of Wayna Daga. An allied force of Ethiopian and Portuguese troops defeated a Muslim army under Ahmed Gragn.

1613: Michael Romanov became czar (the Russian form of "Caesar"; see also The Roman Emperors: Julius Caesar and The Founding Of Rome: The Curious Tale Of Romulus and Remus) of Russia, beginning the Romanov dynasty.

1715: Charles Calvert, 3rd Baron Baltimore, died at age 78. He was commissioned governor of Maryland in 1661 and succeeded as proprietor of the colony in 1665. Like his grandfather, George Calvert, 1st Baron Baltimore, he was a staunch Roman Catholic and faced anti-Catholic feeling which was strong among Maryland's protestant majority.

1744: The British blockade of Toulon was broken by 27 French and Spanish warships attacking the 29 British ships.

1804: The world's first steam locomotive was completed, at the Pen-y-Darren Ironworks in Wales.

1848: Karl Marx (born of a wealthy Jewish and Rabbinical family in Germany) and Friedrich Engels (a wealthy German industrialist and atheist) published their infamous Communist Manifesto. Considering that both of them were very wealthy, and were never "workers," their Communist Manifesto is regarded by many historians to have been written by two hypocrites, not two social economists (see also Why Are Politicians Called Left Or Right? and When Do Liberals Become Conservatives?).

Karl Marx

1849: In the Second British-Sikh War, the British defeated a force of 50,000 Sikhs at the Battle of Gujerat.

1915: During the First World War (1914-1918; see also The Assassination That Triggered Two World Wars), German forces under Hindenberg heavily defeated the Russians under Baron Siever at the Winter Battle of Masuria which ended this day. Over 200,000 Russians were lost (see Russia Or Europe - Who Has Been The Invader?).

1916: During the First World War, German forces launched an attack on the French fortress at Verdun. The battle ended December 18, with 434,000 German and 543,000 French casualties.

1918: During the First World War, while British forces were advancing on Jerusalem (see A History Of Jerusalem: The British Mandate), Australian cavalry captured Jericho from the Ottomans (listen also to our Sermons The Ottoman Empire and The Balfour Declaration).

Jerusalem

1940: The Nazis begin construction of the concentration camp at Auschwitz (see Presidential Quotes On War, Terrorism, Religion).

1941: Frederick Banting died at age 50. The Canadian physician (from Alliston, Ontario), with Charles Best of Toronto, discovered insulin in 1921 (which led to the effective treatment for diabetes). Banting was co-recipient (along with Scottish researcher John Macleod) of the 1923 Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine. Knighted in 1934, Banting was killed in a plane crash while on a war mission in the Second World War.

1944: Hideki Tojo became chief of staff of the Japanese army. "Tojo" thereafter became an racist epithet of Japan during the remainder of the Second World War (see also Why Was Korea Divided Into North And South?).

1945: Eric Liddell died at age 43. The Scottish Olympic champion runner, later a missionary to China, was captured by the Japanese during the Second World War and died of a brain tumor while imprisoned. His college running days were portrayed in the 1981 film Chariots of Fire.

1965: U.S. African-American Muslim leader Malcolm X (actual name Malcolm Little) was assassinated in New York by members of the so-called "Nation of Islam."

1973: Israeli warplanes shot down Libyan Arab Airlines Flight 114 over the Sinai Desert, killing all 108 passengers and crew.

1975: U.S. Attorney General John N. Mitchell (the highest law-enforcement officer in the country) and White House officials H.R. Haldeman and John Ehrlichman were sentenced to prison for their criminal involvement in the Watergate burglary during the Nixon regime (see also The Impeachment Of The President and The Origin Of Politics and Republics).


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