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Saturday, July 6 2019
A Bible Journey, 201: Caleb's Mountain
" Now therefore give me this mountain, whereof the LORD spake in that day; for thou heardest in that day how the Anakims were there, and that the cities were great and fenced: if so be the LORD will be with me, then I shall be able to drive them out, as the LORD said. And Joshua blessed him, and gave unto Caleb the son of Jephunneh Hebron for an inheritance"
Hebron is an ancient city that is located south of Jerusalem (see Biblical Eras: The City Of David - When Jerusalem Became An Israelite City) and Bethlehem (see Hometowns: Bethlehem) on a main road to Beersheba (see The Wells Of Beersheba). As such it became one of the most famous cities of Bible history.
Although Hebron in a shallow valley, it is actually about 915 meters / 3,000 feet above sea level (i.e. which includes the Mediterranean Sea) and about 1,300 meters / 4,300 feet above the Dead Sea (see What Does The Bible Call The Dead Sea?) which is located just to the east. It was from that great height that Abraham was able to view the destruction of Sodom (see A Bible Journey, 19: Why Did Jesus Christ Rain Fire and Brimstone On Sodom?).
Hebron was Abraham's settlement home for many years (see Abraham's Exodus), as it was for Isaac (see Biblical Eras: Isaac - The Beginning Of Abraham's Messianic Line) and Jacob (see Biblical Eras: Jacobites To Israelites). It was likely the birthplace of Isaac and Jacob.
"13:18 Then Abram removed his tent, and came and dwelt in the plain of Mamre, which is in Hebron, and built there an altar unto the LORD." (Genesis 13:18 KJV)
Abraham, and his son Isaac, and his grandson Jacob / Israel and their wives Sarah (see Sarah's Cave), Rebekah (see The Marriage of Isaac and Rebekah) and Leah (see The Mothers Of The Patriarchs: Leah), are today buried in the family tomb at Hebron.
"49:30 In the cave that is in the field of Machpelah, which is before Mamre, in the land of Canaan, which Abraham bought with the field of Ephron the Hittite for a possession of a buryingplace. 49:31 There they buried Abraham and Sarah his wife; there they buried Isaac and Rebekah his wife; and there I buried Leah." (Genesis 49:30-31 KJV)
Centuries later, when the Israelites entered the land promised to Abraham (see A Bible Journey, 199: When Did Abraham Become A King?), the Israelites recovered Hebron.
As the LORD (Who was and is Jesus Christ; see The Real Jesus: The Word Of The LORD God and A Bible Journey, 56: The Sacred Name) promised, Joshua and Caleb were given to enter the Promised Land. Caleb, who was of the tribe of Judah (see Genesis 38: The First Jews) was given the city of Hebron, where Abraham, Isaac and Jacob/Israel are entombed, as his inheritance. So then, "Hebron therefore became the inheritance of Caleb the son of Jephunneh the Kenezite unto this day, because that he wholly followed the LORD God of Israel."
"14:6 Then the children of Judah came unto Joshua in Gilgal: and Caleb the son of Jephunneh the Kenezite said unto him,
Fact Finder: Was Hebron the capital city of King David during the Civil War with Saul?
This Day In History, July 6
1189: King Henry II of England, the first of the Plantagenets, died and was succeeded by Richard I.
1348: A Papal Bull (an abbreviation of the Latin word bulletin) by Pope Clement VI was issued to protect Jews who were falsely accused of having caused the Black Death plague in Europe. In actuality, the Jews (and everyone else) who followed the Biblical health laws that the LORD gave to all of humanity were far healthier than the general population in which they lived (see Leviticus 13: Bacteria, Leviticus 11: What Makes Creatures Clean or Unclean? and Leviticus 18: Sexual Abominations).
1415: Jan Hus (also known in English as John Huss), Czech preacher and reformer, was burnt alive for "heresy" by Church of Rome authorities during the Council of Constance. The council was conducted by antipope John XXIII and German emperor Sigismund (see Emperors and Popes, The Struggle For The Papacy and The Holy Roman Empire Of The German Nation). The emperor had given Hus a guarantee of safe passage to come to the council, but reneged and had Hus killed anyway. The Hussites were named after Jan Hus, and the Hussite Wars of 1419-1436 were caused by the Hussites in Bohemia and Moravia.
1483: Richard III was crowned King of England.
1519: Charles of Spain is elected Holy Roman emperor in Barcelona.
1535: Sir Thomas More, former Lord Chancellor of England, was executed for treason after refusing to recognize Henry VIII as the head of the Church of England.
1536: Jacques Cartier returned to France after discovering (for Europeans - the native people already knew it; see also The First Chinese American War) the St. Lawrence River in Canada.
1553: King Edward VI of England died and was succeeded by Queen Mary I.
1699: Captain William Kidd ("Captain Kidd") was arrested in Boston.
1785: The "dollar" was chosen as the monetary unit for the U.S. The word originated in Europe in 1520 as a name for the Czech tolar, which came to be known in northern Europe as daler, then into English as dollar (see The Birth Of The Dollar).
1885: French scientist Louis Pasteur successfully tested his new anti-rabies vaccine on a boy that had been bitten by an infected dog.
1887: David Kalakaua, the native King of Hawaii, was forced at gunpoint to sign the "Bayonet Constitution" that established U.S. rule Hawaii.
1906: The Ontario Parliament passed the "Lord's Day Observance Act" to prohibit work, entertainment, sport and almost all commerce on Sundays. Although the writers of the law intended it as an act of obedience to God, they were mistaken about the correct day to observe (see Why Observe The True Sabbath? to understand how the "sun day" abomination originated). The law was struck down by the Supreme Court of Canada in 1985 after challenges from Jews and true Christians who observe the Seventh Day Sabbath according to Christ's Command in the Fourth Commandment.
1917: "Lawrence of Arabia" (a British army officer, Lt. Col Thomas Lawrence) and Arab forces captured Aqaba from the Ottoman Empire during the Arab Revolt (see A History Of Jerusalem: The British Mandate).
1919: The first airship to cross the Atlantic, the British R-34, arrived in New York.
1942: The diarist Anne Frank and her family took refuge from the Nazis in Amsterdam.
1944: A fire accidentally started by performing "fire-eaters" in the main tent of the Ringling Brothers and Barnum & Bailey Circus in Hartford, Connecticut, killed 167 people.
1947: The AK-47 (officially designated as the Avtomat Kalashnikova after its developer Mikhail Kalashnikov) went into production in the Soviet Union. After over 70 years, the AK-47 is still the most-widely used military rifle in the world due to its relatively low production cost and ability to function without failure under extreme conditions.
1958: The former Russian territory of Alaska became the 49th state of the U.S. It was purchased from Russia in 1867 for $7.2 million.
1967: Nigerian forces invaded Biafra, beginning the Nigerian Civil War.
1988: The Piper Alpha drilling platform in the North Sea was destroyed by explosions and fires. 167 oil workers were killed, making it the world's worst offshore oil disaster in terms of direct loss of life.
2006: The Nathula Pass between India and China, sealed during the Sino-Indian War, re-opened for trade after 44 years.